During the sixties we investigated a number of UFO reports.  All were distant encounters, mysterious lights in the sky, etc.  Nothing really exciting was happening.  At least nothing exciting was being reported to us. 

In contrast, 1960 was, however, interesting for a lot of reasons. 

August 1960:  Somebody else was in orbit and that "somebody" wasn't us or the Russians.  The 100 foot diameter, silvered mylar balloon, named Echo, that NASA had put into orbit to reflect radio waves was a reason for a lot of people to look up.  When they did look up, they started seeing things that were not supposed to be there.  An unidentified satellite was tracked by Grumann Aviation in August 1960.  A photograph of it appeared in Life Magazine.  Our satellites are launched towards the west near the equator in order to take advantage of the Earth's rotational speed, about 1,000 miles per hour at the equator, to help our rockets achieve orbital velocity of around 18,000 miles per hour.  The unidentified satellite was traveling in a retrograde orbit meaning that it was moving east to west instead of west to east the way all satellites launched up to that time moved.  On August 30th at 11:00 PM and again on August 31st, a moon watch team in Chicago along with many other witnesses observed the mystery satellite.  (Ref. 1) 

July 22, 1960:  Even before the mysterious satellite was spotted some interesting activity occurred which turned up years later when I completed the regional database.  On July 22nd there had been a CE2 at Martin, Tennessee.  CE means Close Encounter and the 2 indicates that the UFO left a record of its visit.  Usually a CE2 sighting means that there is a landing trace or an electromagnetic effect on an automobile.  (Ref. 2) 

Beginning in November 1960, there were a few strange fireball reports that we investigated.  These reports can't, by any stretch of the imagination, be called close encounters.  Still, these sightings were interesting because their was an element of strangeness in them that makes them worthy of mention. 

November 17, 1960:  On November 17, 1960, our NICAP UFO Subcommittee Team was authorized to conduct investigations of this phenomenon.  The action, however, started on November 14th.  Quoting the newspaper article from that time: 

"RED FLASH SEEN IN SKY MUST HAVE BEEN A METEOR That brilliant red flash seen over Vincennes and southern Indiana and adjoining areas Monday night must have been a meteor.  Nobody had any other logical explanation today, after a futile search for evidence of a plane crash.  First reports came from Florence, east of Vevay.  Residents there said they saw an object burning in the sky.  A Switzerland County farmer reported sighting an object in the sky with three bright lights.  The Nike Missile station at Dillsboro said it had traced an unidentified object with it's radar but lost it as it traveled northwest toward Indianapolis.  State police units rushed to the area looking for some evidence of a plane crash but could find none."
We knew that the object tracked on radar and sought by state police as a plane crash was no meteor.  Radar tracked an object someone thought was an aircraft crashing.  Meteors don't fly that low or that slow!  On December 1st I received a letter from Battery C, 5th Missile Battalion, 56th Artillery, at Dillsboro, Indiana.  The letter was in response to a request I had made regarding their public report of a radar track.  The Executive Officer, 
2nd Lt Charles A. Millick, stated:  "We were not radar tracking an unidentified flying object on Monday, 14 November 1960.  Therefore, we must submit a negative report."  (Ref. 3) 

November 29, 1960:  Before we got that letter, we had a UFO sighting of our own.  On November 29th at 8:00 PM, the phone rang.  Phil Studier, one our team members who lived in town, had gotten a phone call that a bright UFO was heading in my direction.  At this time I lived with my parents in their home located outside of town on a hill southeast of Vincennes.  I immediately contacted another UFO enthusiast, Jim Eddlesen, and his brother, Paul, who lived nearby.  We all watched this bright object as it pulsated and traveled across the sky without any sound.  I was lucky enough to have my mother and father, my brother Steve, and my sister Sherrie.  While watching the object with binoculars I told Steve to call Jim Catt, another team member.  The object was then in the east and traveling from  north to south.  It eventually swung to the southeast, ceased pulsating, and became very bright.  The moon, that night, was full and the object had banked and was reflecting the bright moonlight.  There had been a small red light near the main UFO but not connected to it.  Shortly, we were all startled by a rumble which came from behind us and, as we turned to look. we saw a jet in hot pursuit of the main object.  Within 15 seconds the main object faded completely out, however the small red object remained in view for 10-15 more minutes.  Apparently the pilot of the jet wasn't concerned with small red object  because he did not pursue it.  Possibly, he did not see the red object at all.  The bright UFO was in view a total of about 10 minutes before the jet came in to view.  (Ref. 3) 


May 1961: During the first week of May 1961, persons at Union Mills in northern Indiana had a CE1 UFO sighting.  A hemispherical UFO with "portholes" was actually on the road and took off as a car approached.  This sighting wasn't one of our case investigations but it was the beginning of important UFO activities.  (Ref. 4) 

Another strange object was reported near LaPorte near Chicago.  It was hat shaped and made a sound like an "eggbeater".  The exact date of this sighting are not given in the source material.  (Ref. 6) 

July 5, 1961: On July 5th there was an RV (Radar Visual) sighting in Cleveland, Ohio.  Radar tracked a UFO and witnesses saw it simultaneously.  (Ref. 6) 

September 10, 1961: On September 10th one of our own FIs saw his first UFO.  Jim Catt reported that he and two others saw a cigar shaped object for about 8 seconds.  This was a distant sighting and the object was moving at high speed.  (Ref. 3) 

December 21, 1961: There was a single witness sighting at Lafayette, Indiana, a CE1, on December 21st.  (Ref. 7) 


March 1962: Sometime in March 1962 a CE2 sighting was reported at Wheatfield, Indiana.  According to the FI, Orville Hartle, there was some evidence of radiation.  (Ref. 8) 

June 22, 1962: On June 22nd there was and evening CE1 sighting at Indianapolis which was witnessed by a number of people.  The object was disc shaped and made no noise.  (Ref. 6) 

August 22, 1962: A CE1 sighting occurred at Kingsford Heights in northwestern Indiana on August 22nd at 10:30 PM.  The duration of this sighting was almost an hour and it was witnessed by seven people.  The object was hat shaped and made a whirring noise.  (Ref. 9) 


May 19, 1963: The first close encounter sighting listed in the Regional Sighting Information Database was for May 19th.  It was a CE1 sighting and it occurred at Waukegan, Illinois. (Ref. 7)

June 21, 1963: A CE2 sighting at Hillside, Illinois, followed on June 21st.  The identification on this sighting is a "possible aircraft".  (Ref. 7) 

July 10, 1963: On the afternoon of July 10th four boys in Fern Creek, Kentucky had a rare CE3 sighting.  They saw a cigar shaped object which discharged a small disc which subsequently landed.  A moment later a small entity with a large head, tight fitting clothes, and tubes like a respirator was seen.  Two of the four boys received wounds from a black tube pointed at them by the entity.  This was before all publicity concerning alien appearance.  (Ref. 10) 

August 4, 1963: The big event of 1963 occurred on the Sunday evening of August 4th at about 11:30 PM at Wayne City, Illinois.  Wayne City is a little out of our territory being about 75 miles away and out of state but we had to respond because there wasn't an FI anywhere near there and it was to important a sighting to be neglected.  Because of our jobs, we had to delay until the weekend before we could respond.  By the following Saturday evening we were on our way to Wayne City.  Accompanying me on this investigation were Jim Catt and Phil Studler.  Phil had earlier contacted the news media and the Wayne County Sheriff's Office and arranged an interview.  We interviewed the witnesses to the case there in Fairfield, Illinois, and then made a trip to the home of other witnesses in rural Keenes, Illinois, nearby.  By that time it was getting late in the day.  Here is what we found: 

A week earlier a young man, Ronnie Austin, and his girlfriend had left a drive-in theater at 11:30 PM and headed east on Highway 15  towards the girlfriend's home.  They noticed a big, white ball of light towards the southwest that was following them at treetop level.  The light speeded up and slowed down to match their every move.  It then changed position to the south of them and then crossed over in front of them to the north side.  At a point six miles west of the Orchardville Road intersection, the light headed for the car.  It appeared to get within a few hundred feet of the car and then suddenly gained altitude and stopped for several seconds over an electronic relay tower.  The light then shot across the road to the north or left side of their car and maintained this position at about 500 feet distance for some period of time. 

The couple then turned north on to a gravel road which led to the girl's home about 1 1/2 miles away.  The object was now on their right.  When they arrived at the girl's home the girlfriend's sister also saw the object which was now towards the southeast.  The object appeared to move closer as all three went inside, turned out the lights, and watched through a window.  After 15 minutes the boy decided that he should go home and made a run for the car.  The object began to "stalk" the boy.  He had to head south to get home.  The object was now on his left.  When he turned east onto another gravel road the object suddenly shot diagonally ahead of him and stopped above a barn about a mile away just beyond the "T" road.  The light changed from a brilliant white to a duller or dimmer light with an orange tinge. 

He really "poured the coal" to the car and must have been doing 120 miles per hour when he topped the hill on the gravel road.  Then, the object flared a bright orange and came straight toward him at high speed.  It then hovered  within about 100 feet of the car.  Just before it began to hover it had swerved upward so that the boy got a closer look at it.  He judged its size at about that of an automobile.  When the object was directly over the boy's car his AM radio went crazy with static which he described as a loud "whining sound".  He also felt a "cooling effect".  The object made another pass at the car; this time from west to east.  Again, at the point where the object was directly overhead of the car, the car engine started "missing".  The object then proceeded back to the position over the barn where it hovered and its color changed to a dull orange. 

The boy now turned north at the road intersection and headed for home which was over three miles away.  The object again followed him.   As he headed west down the lane toward his home, the object cut across the road behind him to the left.  He spun the car around in the driveway in front of the house, got out, and ran inside.  The object was now above another farmhouse in the east about 300 yards away. His arrival had awakened his

parents and they thought he had gone crazy.  He could barely talk.  Every other word would "trail off".  The boy's father took a look at the object and determined that the shotgun near the door was no match for what had scared his son.  He tried to call the Fairfield Police Department which really scared all of them because the phone was "dead".  They finally determined that their young son was in need of medical attention and that they had to contact a doctor.  By then, the phone was in working order. 

In all there were seven witnesses including the boy's mother and father and sister and brother.  The total sighting time was 50 minutes.  This unknown is listed as a CE2 with electromagnetic effects on the car radio, car engine, speedometer, and telephone. 

The car was a 1956 Ford Victoria which was equipped with a magnetic speedometer which probably gave false readings due to electromagnetic effects from the UFO. 

This case was investigated by our NICAP Subcommittee and a team of Air Force Project Blue Book physicists.  Evidence gathered by the Air Force indicates that the car was slightly radioactive or magnetized.  This was determined by the type of readings given by members of the Air Force team as they inspected the car while the family watched and listened. 

As an interesting historical note for the record, the Air Force team of investigators consisted of three men:  Lt.Col. Robert J. Friend, then Director of Project Blue Book; Capt. Hector Quintenilla; and Sgt. Charles R. Sharp.  Either later in 1963 or in early 1964, Quintenilla became the Project Director of Project Blue Book. 

At this time the Air Force in general, and Capt. Quintenilla in particular, were ridiculing many witnesses who claimed sightings of UFOs.  In keeping with this philosophy the official Blue Book "explanation" of this sighting which was  issued after this investigation was that it was either "a refueling operation" or "the planet Venus".  In contrast, the Air Force must have considered this case important because they had flown in a special team of physicists from Wright-Patterson AFB, Dayton, Ohio.  Normally, when investigating a case, they would send the local "UFO Officer" from the nearest Air Force base.  Apparently the Air Force thought that something strange was going on in the midwest because Air Force Intelligence was interested in something that officially did not exist.  A quick check would have eliminated a refueling operation as a possible explanation and, consequently, the need to make an onsite inspection.  (Ref. 3) 

August 7, 1963: On August 7th at 8:45 PM in Fairfield, Illinois, about 20 miles northeast of Wayne City and Keenes, Chaucey Uphoff and Mike Hill had their attention attracted to a light in the sky when Uphoff's dog began barking.  Looking up, they saw a yellow orange, diamond shaped object traveling west to east at an altitude of a thousand feet or more.  The object later turned a dull gray color.  The UFO made a sharp turn at high speed and headed north directly toward the observers while changing color to orange and, finally, to a brilliant blue white.  At its closest approach which was right in front of the witnesses, they said that it looked somewhat like "a ball diamond turned sideways".  "It had depth to it", said Uphoff.  The object made a U-turn, tilting on edge, and turned southeast toward Grayville.  After hovering briefly, the UFO took off at a 45 degree angle.  The "ball diamond" description at all viewing angles suggests a shape similar to that shown in Exhibit 1A.  Because of the barking dog, this case is also classed as an animal reaction case. (Ref. 3) 

When the object started the U-turn it tilted on edge exhibiting a tail like projection on the bottom.  The witnesses described the projection as like "a fluid dripping" rather than an actual part of the object.  We considered this as evidence of corona discharge. 

August 9, 1963: On August 9th, Harry Bishop, the mayor of Mt. Vernon, Illinois, had a CE1 sighting.  He said that the object he sighted was oval shaped and made a "whirring sound".  A number of other people saw the same object.  The duration of the sighting was about 10 minutes.  (Ref. 1) 

August 13, 1963: On August 13th, a trucker at Greenville, Illinois, claimed that he had a CE2 sighting when he saw a cone shaped object as it followed his truck down the highway.  The newspaper account said that there were a total of 26 witnesses but no one would file a report.  (Ref. 3) 

There were a large number of UFOs reported in the summer of 1963.  Many reports were filed; others were not.  I have purposely excluded distant encounters in order to concentrate attention on the more succinct sightings. In spite of the high number of total sightings in the 

Illinois area, 1963 was not, however, considered a "flap" year.  "Flaps" are waves of UFO sightings that generally cover, as a minimum, a large part of the United States.  The 1963 "miniflap" was actually a concentration of sightings in southern Illinois. 

August 16, 1963: Even more eerie is the fact that the earth satellite named Anna Firefly, which had been out for two months, suddenly came back to life.  On August 16th, Richard B. Kershner of the Applied Physics Laboratory at Johns Hopkins laboratory who developed the satellite said, "We don't like to believe in space gremlins, but we've reached the point where that's as good an explanation as any."  (Ref. 1) 

September 1963: In September I was contacted by an Air Force reserve group, the 1127th Air Reserve Squadron, requesting me to give a briefing on UFOs.  The briefing was scheduled to be given at the Robert Green Auditorium in Vincennes, Indiana, on August 16th.  I was flattered and thought that the briefing was requested due to the recent increase in UFO activity in the region.  However, in the last few years researchers turned up an official document concerning crashed UFOs and a secret project called "Operation Moon Dust".  This document stated that retrieval of downed space objects, including UFOs, was the responsibility of a special unit at For Belvoir; the 4602nd.  The 4602nd became the 1006th AISS in July 1957.  In April 1960 the 1006th AISS  became the 1127th USAF Activities Group of which the 1127th Air Reserve Squadron, the unit which had requested the UFO briefing,  was a subordinate unit! 

Project Blue Book was a sham organization which fronted for another "special group" which actually had primary responsibility for investigating good UFO reports.  It's interesting that this special group was interested in our investigations. (Ref. 11) 


By now, Captain, now Major, Quintenilla had replaced Lt.Col. Friend as Project Blue Book Director, the drive for congressional UFO hearings had failed, and the Air Force was explaining away all UFO sighting reports at all costs.  These were the dark ages of UFO investigation and NICAP was almost forced to disband.  Then, something awesome happened at Socorro, New Mexico. 



April 24, 1964: A CE3 sighting, one of the highest rated cases on record, occurred at 5:45 AM (Mountain Standard Time) on April 24th, near Socorro, New Mexico.  I recall receiving a call from David Goodnow, then an announcer for radio station WAOV in Vincennes.  Mr. Goodnow is now a famous television anchorman for CNN.  He had a teletype message that had just come in over the news ticker and he wanted me to come down and get it.  (Exhibit 2A)  An egg shaped object had landed in New Mexico and then taken off.  Humanoid beings were seen near the craft and they had gotten back aboard before the object took off.  The witness to all this was a police officer.  (Exhibit 3A) 

June 8, 1964: On June 8th at 9:30 PM in Lawrenceville, Illinois, which is just across the river from Vincennes, a CE1 sighting took place.  The witness, Mrs. Helen Reed, described a close-up observation she had of a peculiar looking object which was in the vicinity of her barn and in the air not more than 10 or 15 feet high.  It was a typical domed disc with a flat bottom.  When she first observed it the dome was glowing a soft blue.  The object then moved erratically away from the barn and the dome turned a bright red orange in color.  It then executed several sharp right angle turns and disappeared behind her shed. 

Walking over to a position between her barn and shed, Mrs. Reed saw the object approach at a moderate speed and then stop within 50 feet of her.  She estimated that the object was no more than 15 feet in diameter and she later described a series of round, yellow lights that encircled the base.  She said that these lights were "brighter than headlights" but caused her no discomfort as she observed them. 

The lights then began to rotate from left to right and Mrs. Reed noticed that there was one space where a light appeared to be missing.  (Exhibit 4A)  The object hovered in the same position for several seconds with the speed of the revolution of the lights increasing to a high RPM.  The object then began to move away; making a sharp, right angle turn to the north and, without gaining altitude, it disappeared from view.  Mrs. Reed said that as the object  its

departed, its yellow lights were rotating so rapidly that it gave the appearance of a single band around the object's base.  This entire sequence of events lasted, perhaps, 10 minutes.  (Ref. 12) 

Although they seemed slightly silly at the time, reports of small, basketball sized objects were not uncommon.  I refer to these objects as OBOLs (Orange Balls of Light).  They generally appear near the ground; sometimes near fence rows, house windows, etc.  I believe that these are probes with TV cameras not unlike the ones on our own spacecraft such as the Viking, etc.  There correlation with parent objects is documented.  They are not unlike the little red light in the movie "Close Encounters of the Third Kind".  Such an object is apparently what appeared at Dale, Indiana. 

June 24, 1964: Dale, Indiana is about 45 miles southeast of Vincennes, Indiana.  A Spencer County youth told police that on June 24th at 9:00 PM he was held frozen in his tracks as he watched a glowing object cavort in his backyard and then streak away.  Puzzled authorities found a burned spot about the size of a dinner plate in the grass.  They said that they had no idea what the object might have been. 

Charles Englebrecht, 18, said that he was alone in his darkened home watching television when a bright flash of light beside a window attracted his attention.  Englebrecht said the television and the lights in an adjoining room blacked out. 

Englebrecht said that the object was already on the ground near the back steps when he went outside.  He said that "some strange power" kept him away from it.  He noticed that a nearby chicken feeder trough was overturned, a large can of chicken feed hand been knocked from a table, and the family power mower was ten feet away from where he had left it earlier.  "I was numb", he said.  "I didn't know what to do."  The boy said that, as he watched unable to move, "it began to rise and then disappeared over the barn".  A smell of sulphur filled the air, he said. 

The Dale Town Marshall, Leroy Musgrave, said he phoned state police asking about any other reports of this incident but no other reports were received. 

Englebrecht told Jim, Phil, and I that the object was sharply defined, self luminous, that the actual size approximated that of a basketball, and that it landed on the ground right next to him.  After about 5 minutes the object took off over the barn which was about 40 feet away with a whistling sound and disappear out of sight.  The object changed color from a bright red to a bluish purple to white to a brighter red on departure. 

He was in near shock and he experienced a loss of appetite and lost considerable body weight during the two week period immediately following the sighting. 

William T. Powers, the Chief Systems Engineer at Dearborn Observatory, investigated the case for Project Blue Book.  He stated that he thought the boy may have seen only a burning piece of paper.  I do not have the date that he visited with Englebrecht but is prior to our investigation.  I never heard the result of the final analysis by the Air Force.  Possibly, CUFOS has a record of it since Dr. Hynek and Mr. Powers were associates.  This sighting is listed as UNKNOWN, CE2, possible probe.  (Ref. 3) 

June 28, 1964: Four nights later three girls were chased by a white ball of light. This sighting was classed as a CE1, also occurred at Dale, Indiana, and it happened in the wee hours of the morning. Fifteen minutes after midnight to be exact. The five-minute event frightened the three girls. Jim Catt, Joette Fields, Carolyn Roach, and myself investigated. We had visited the Englebrecht boy and he took us to see the witnesses. I think the presence of the women in our group eased the tension of the young girls during our interview of them. They turned out to be very credible witnesses. (Ref 3) 

Interestingly, there was a news clipping about a UFO trace case near Rome, 

Indiana, that appeared in the Indianapolis Star on the 28th of June titled "Mysterious Markings in Field Baffle Perry County Farm Family." The article stated: "A spaceship landing or freak act of nature could be responsible for the mysterious markings found in an alfalfa field on German Ridge. The markings were found in the field near Rome in southern Perry County yesterday afternoon on the farm of Mr. & Mrs. James E. Stowe. The "perfect circle" was 5' in diameter and in the center of it were three, more intensely burned circles arranged in a triangular shape as the spots had been made by three table legs. The small circles were perfect and about 3" in diameter." 

At the time of this incident none of the maps we had showed Rome or German Ridge. This case was never investigated. 

By the time things started getting interesting during the summer of 1964, Jim and I and six other members of our reserve unit got orders to report for active TDY (Temporary Duty) with the U.S. Army. We were serving a six year enlistment with the Army National Guard's 38th Division and we had to take our basic training at Fort Knox, Kentucky. We left in early August and spent ten weeks at the Fort Knox training center and then another ten weeks at Fort Meade, Maryland. We didn't know it at the time but strange things were happening not to far from us in Maryland. 

December 19, 1964: Petuxent River Naval Air Test Center at Petuxent River, Maryland, had had a blockbuster radar sighting. We received information on the radar tracking from NICAP headquarters in Washington, D.C., in January 1965, and one of my buddies at Petuxent River later confirmed this event. 

It happened on December 19th at 3:30 AM. Two large radar targets were tracked at 6,000 knots (7,200 mph). They twice approached the base; each time turning away before they came within ten miles. A single UFO raced toward the base and whirled through a 160 degree turn at high speed. 

Navy officials attested to the reliability of the men on duty and stated that the radar was in proper operating order. The report was released by Command R.W. Gordon, Air Operations Officer. 

Later, the Air Force stated that the person on duty was inexperienced and the radar was not operating properly. (Ref 13) 


Jim and I returned home from our TDY in late December and were soon back to our old routines. We would, however, have to leave again in March for two weeks of jungle training at Puerto Rico's Salines Training Center. 

In the meantime UFO activity in our area was down considerably. We were ready and able but there were no cases to investigate. 

January 19, 1965: On January 19th, a CIA representative contacted NICAP's Assistance Director, Richard Hall, in Washington, D.C., and questioned him about NICAP's investigative methods. The agent expressed interest in specific cases. 

June 20, 1965: On June 20th, there was a CE2 with one witness at Leroy Township, Ohio. (Ref 14) 

June 28, 1965: Eight days later there was a suspected landing trace (no UFO seen) at Dellroy, Ohio. (Ref 15) 

August 1, 1965: There was a CE1 at Canton, Illinois on August 1st. (Ref 7) The next day, there was a radar/visual sighting at Fort Wayne, Indiana. All we have on this sighting is a computer entry with no details. (Ref 7) 

August 30, 1965: On the 30th of August there was a CE1 sighting with one witness at Urbana, Ohio. (Ref 7) 

Sightings just weren't happening in our backyard. That is, until September . . . 

September 1965: On an unknown date it September at 8:30 PM in Indianapolis, Indiana, a mother and her two sons, age 9 and 7 respectively, were driving home from at Cub Scout meeting that had been held at the White River Elementary School. The evening was warm and the sky was very clear. Several airplanes were in the air. The witnesses eyes were on the skies because there

had been a number of publicized UFO sightings. Just as they were starting in to a curve at Haynes Avenue they saw a band of lights in the sky. The band of lights was moving very fast and then stopped and hovered, bobbing around like a small boat in choppy water. The witnesses reported that the band of light was as large as a house! 

After completing the curve, the mother stopped the car and all got out to watch what they knew was a disc but they could only see the lights around the edge. A groups of planes headed toward the disc and the object took off to the south over the Glendale area. The duration of the sighting was three minutes. Later that evening they watched Frank Edwards on the TV news talking about what they had seen which was witnessed by hundreds at the Glendale Shopping Center. He said that witnesses described the object as a large disc (Exhibit 5A) with red, white, blue, and green lights around the edge. According to Mr. Edwards, it flew east and hovered over some radio towers knocking a radio station off the air for a short time. 

This sighting was later recalled for us by the witness. The date of the sighting could be incorrect. There are no entries in the computer or in the EGBA for this sighting although it was mentioned by TV news person, Frank Edwards. Norma Croda recently investigated this sighting. (Ref 3). 

October 16, 1965: On the 16th of October a CE1 sighting occurred at Bexley, Ohio. (Ref 7) 

November 10, 1965: On November 10th the northeast U.S. electric power grid suffered a massive failure at about 5:25 PM, Eastern Standard Time. Because some reports of UFO sightings coincided with this failure, discussion of a possible relationship between UFOs and power failures continues to this day. 

December 7, 1965: A single witness CE1 sighting occurred on December 7th at Pleasant Hill, Missouri. The information source for this sighting is Skylook No. 40, page 15. The UFOFC does not have a copy of this report. (Ref 16) 

December 11, 1965: On December 11th a CE3 sighting is recorded for Sheridan, Indiana. This sighting is only listed in the EGBA. It occurred in Hamilton or LaPorte county which locates it north of Indianapolis or east of Chicago. (Ref 7) 


January 5, 1966: Another CE3 happened at Laharpe, Illinois on January 5th. Details of this sighting are not on file. (Ref 7) 

February 26, 1966: On February 26th, a CE2 is recorded for Trivoli, Illinois. (Ref 7) 

March 8, 1966: On March 8th at 2:30 PM there was a good quality daylight disc sighting at Chesterton, Indiana. (Exhibit 6A) The UFO, surrounded by a bright, misty haze, hovered above a cloud bank for 4-5 minutes. It then changed angles and sped away. (Ref 17) 

March 28, 1966: A CE2 sighting was reported at Fayetteville, Tennessee. (Ref 7) 

March 30, 1966: A CE3 sighting occurred at Mansfield, Ohio. (Ref 7) 

Indiana's Cass County at Lewisburg, Indiana, had a CE2 sighting on the same evening. Five witnesses reported observing an oval object that flew over them making pulsating sounds. The object was in sight for 13 minutes. (Ref 4) 

Elsewhere, close encounters in Michigan stirred congressional interest. 

April 1, 1966: April Fools Day! A witness in Liberty, Missouri was serious when he reported an encounter with a UFO and aliens. (Ref 4) 

The details of many of the computer entries are very sketchy; especially entries in the EGBA. 

What some con men won't do for a living! Recently, a traveling public speaker whose name I won't mention gave a series of talks on the subject of UFOs at one of our local colleges. He also appeared on a local radio show where he mentioned that Indiana was really "hot" and that the movie Close Encounters of the Third Kind portrayed a UFO chase by police officers that began in Indiana and ended in Pennsylvania. The movie used Indianapolis as the location where FAA radar picked up the UFO that eventually abducted the young man. The police UFO chase, however, actually began in Ravenna, Ohio. The movie, of course, was fictitious. This is what really happened:

April 17, 1966: At 5:00 AM (notice the wee hours, again) the police radio in Ravenna, Ohio reported that a lady in Summit County, located west of Portage County, had called in with a report of seeing a brightly lighted object "as big as a house" flying over her neighborhood. Deputy Sheriff Dale Spauer and Mounted Deputy Wilbur "Barney" Neff were on duty cruising in their police car at the time. On Route 224 they saw an abandoned car on the side of the road and stopped to check it out. As they walked up to the car, Spauer looked into the wooded area behind them and saw "this thing" that rose up out of the woods a hundred feet or so and started moving towards them. The trees that the object cleared were on top of a rise in the ground right beside the roadway so "you couldn't see it until it was right on top of you. I looked at Barney and he was still watching the car, the car in front of us, and the thing keep getting brighter and brighter and the area started to get light and I looked at Barney this time and then told him to look over his shoulder, so he did. He didn't say nothing. He just stood there with his mouth open for a minute, as bright as it was, and he looked down. And I started looking down and I looked at my hands and my clothes weren't burning or anything when it stopped right over on top of us. The only thing, the only sound in the whole area was a hum, like a transformer being loaded or an overloaded transformer when it changes." 

They were pretty scared for a couple of minutes but they made it to the patrol car and just sat there for awhile. They are unaware of just how long they did sit there. It could have been ten seconds or three minutes. Meanwhile, the object just hovered there. Then, the object started moving to the east and, then, stopped again. Spauer picked up the microphone and reported to his dispatcher. At this time the object was brilliantly lighting up the area and it was about 250 feet away. 

Spauer reported, "This bright object is right here; the one that everybody says is going over." The dispatcher told them to shoot it! 

They were then ordered to follow the object and thus began the wildest UFO chase on record. For more than seventy miles the object was chased; sometimes at speeds as high as 105 mph. 

As the sky became lighter with pre dawn light, Spauer and Neff saw the UFO in silhouette. It had a vertical projection at the rear and it began to take on a metallic appearance as the chase continued and the daylight increased. (Exhibit 7A) 

While the chase was in progress, Officer Wayne Huston, in his police cruiser near East Palestine, Ohio, some 40 miles to the east, was monitoring the radio conversation between Spaur and his office in Ravenna. "I talked with Spauer by radio. I met him at the north edge of the city on Route 14. I saw the thing when Dale was about five miles away from me. It was running down Route 14 about 800-900 feet up when it came by. This was the lowest I ever saw it. As it flew by, I was standing by my cruiser, I watched it go right overhead. It was shaped something like an ice cream cone with a sort of partly melted down top. The point of the cone was underneath. The top was sort of like a dome. Spauer and Neff came down the road right after it. I fell in behind them. We were going 80-85 mph; a couple of times around 105 mph. At one point, at least, I was almost on Spauer's bumper and we checked with each other what we saw. It was right straight ahead of us; a half to three quarters of a mile ahead." 

They were now in Pennsylvania, some fifteen miles east of the Ohio border. "I guided him by radio. All the way we were trying to get contact with a Pennsylvania car. We had the base call the Chippewa State Police station to see if they had a car on 51. They didn't." The first state police car they saw was at Conway, near Rochester. "Dale was low on gas and we stopped where Frank Panzenella was parked." 

Panzenella had left a hotel in Conway after getting some coffee and was coming down Second Avenue. He looked to his right and saw a shining object. He thought it was a reflection off an airplane. He had been watching it for ten minutes when the two other patrol cars pulled up. "The object was the shape of half a football, was very bright and about 25 

to 35 feet in diameter. The object then moved out toward Harmony Township approximately 1,000 feet high, then it stopped and wet straight up real fast to 3,500 feet" and then stopped. It continued on upward until it got very small and disappeared. All four saw the object shoot straight up and disappear. 

The object was hovering when an airplane taking off from the airport passed under it. It then took off directly upward, according to all witnesses. (Ref 18) 

April 18, 1966: A single witness CE2 sighting is recorded for Lancaster, Ohio, on April 18th

April 22, 1966: On April 22nd , a two witness CE2 sighting occurred at Alliance, Ohio. A music teacher and his wife had a close encounter with a silent UFO shaped like a giant disc with a dome on top. (Exhibit 8A) 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward Vojtko were driving home from a late teachers' meeting. They were traveling north on McCallum Avenue and were approaching the Tennenhauf Golf Course about five miles west of Alliance. About fifteen minutes after midnight, Mr. Vojtko noticed a brilliant stationary red light due west just above the horizon. He slowed the car and then stopped about 100 yards south of the golf course clubhouse. When he rolled down the car window to get a better look he noticed that the light had begun to move toward them. The object lost its star like appearance as it rapidly approached, taking on the shape of a dark disc with a white light on top. 

When it was within forty feet of them and over the practice area of the golf course, the UFO stopped. It appeared to be at telephone pole height and about 45 feet in diameter. Encircling the rim was a row of red lights like a "rotating neon sign". The white light, much brighter than the red ones, was seen to be coming from a dome atop the structure. The object appeared to be hovering over the golf course practice area. At this point the badly frightened couple panicked and fled the scene at high speed. Both had the feeling that the UFO was following them but they could see nothing behind them as they fled. Finally, about a quarter mile from the golf course, they saw the object at a higher elevation accelerating towards the northeast. It appeared to come from directly above their car; a possibility that had not occurred to them until that time. The object passed over a house to their right (east) and disappeared behind some trees in the distance. (Ref 20) 

June 8, 1966: A CE1 sighting is recorded at Toledo, Ohio. (Ref 4) 

June 22, 1966: A single witness CE2 sighting occurred at Middlebury, Indiana. (Ref 4) 

July 22, 1966: There occurred a very good CE1 sighting in Freemont, Indiana. The report came from a former naval officer and the witness interviews were conducted by Dr. J. Allen Hynek. 

The father, driving his son, the naval officer, home from the railway station a little before midnight, saw an object glide in front of them, almost directly over the car. After this happened three times, the father said to his son, "Did you see something glide over the car?" 

"Yes, I did," the son answered. "It looked like a big prehistoric bird of some kind." 

Later in the interview, Dr. Hynek asked his standard question about what familiar object might be substituted for it as far as shape and, in this case, size. The witness said, "Very hard to say. I've never seen anything like it. . .well, a navy sub, but not just like that, of course. I figured I could hit with a stone. It was that close. Very sharp. Just as sharp an outline as if it had been, well, a boiler up there." 

The sighting lasted 5-8 minutes. 

The father described it further: "I dropped my head and looked up through the windshield and I just looked at it completely. There it was. I said to John, 'My God. It's a flying saucer!' It was almost like a science fiction movie on TV. It just hung there, completely silent, like a church steeple lit up at night. Or, it looked like those Japanese suicide planes that used to get into the floodlights at night and this reminded me of that. It swung in an arc of a hundred yards or so, just like it was frustrated."

When two other cars came along the lonely road, they reported that "it" turned off its lights "just like a rheostat on a dining room fixture and left only a dark shadow", then shot up into the sky with a trailing blue light after it. 

Later, John said, "Dad, there's something you don't know. When you were out at the (car) trunk bending over your camera, this thing moved over the trunk and came down within five yards of you. . .but I heard no sound." (Ref 21) 

July 27, 1966: On the evening of the 27th at Frankfort, Indiana, a witness reported seeing a mysterious light within the close encounter range of 500 feet. There was no sound at all. (Ref 22) 

August 1, 1966: APRO, the Aerial Phenomenon Research Organization, lists a CE1 sighting at Rushville, Indiana. 

On the same evening at 7:00 PM, there occurred a two witness CE3 sighting at Rochester, Indiana. A domed disc with no sound was reported to have been seen for ten minutes. 

August 4, 1966: There was an Uncorrelated Target (UT) observed on radar at Milan, Ohio. There was no simultaneous visual sighting or this sighting would have been recorded as a Radar/Visual (R/V) sighting. (Ref 4) 

August 8, 1966: An EGBA entry on August 8th records a CE3 sighting at Connersville, Indiana. It illustrated the high number of close encounter sightings being reported at that time. An especially rare type of sighting, the CE3 designation means that aliens can actually be seen on or near a craft of some sort. Surprisingly, the total number of CE3 sightings over all periods is extremely small. (Ref 4) 

August 9, 1966: On August 9th an historic memo was written. It was a confidential memo from Robert Low, later coordinator of the Colorado Project "Condon Committee", to University of Colorado officials. It revealed internal university politics related to the Project and suggested that the "trick" of making it "appear a totally objective study" to the public. We would not hear about the memo until later when project scientist David Saunders would uncover it, expose it, and thereby loose his job in the process. 

September 18, 1966: On September 19th Air Force Regulation (AFR) 80-17 was published to replace AFR 200-2. It placed UFOs under Research and Development (R&D) command and reflected the influence of the University of Colorado UFO project. As a result of congressional interest in close encounter activity in Michigan alone, Air Force Secretary Harold Brown issued a press release announcing that a $313,000 contract had been awarded to the University of Colorado for an independent, fifteen month study of the UFO problem. The contract was later amended to increase the amount to $525,000 and extend the period of the study to 24 months. 

October 14, 1966: At 6:45 PM a CE2 sighting occurred at Newton, Illinois. A yellow orange UFO with a blue line around the center and red lights just under its rim was reported. (Exhibit 9A) The object illuminated the ground and caused television interference (TVI) and had other typical features. (Ref 23)


1.  News clippings 
2.  Physical Traces Associated with UFOs, page 24, Phillips 
3.  UFOFC Files 
4.  UFOE, The UFO Evidence, page 139 
5.  A Carbon Experiment, page 154, Hartle 
6.  UFOI, UFO Investigator, NICAP, issue not known 
7.  EGBA, Geobibliography of Anomalies, Eberhart 
8   A Carbon Experiment, page 164 
9.  A Carbon Experiment, page 168 
10.  Skylook Number 93, page 9 
11.  The Truth About the UFO Crash at Roswell, Randle and Schmitt, page 96 
12.  UFOs, A New Look, page 14, NICAP 
13.  UFOI, "UFO Investigator", Vol III, No. 1, NICAP 
14.  UFOI, Vol. III, NO. 4, NICAP 
15.  PTAW, Physical Traces Associated with UFOs, page 36, Phillips 
16.  SL, Skylook, 40, page 15 
17.  UFOs, A New Look, page 46, NICAP 
18.  The UFO Experience, page 100, Hynek 
19.  UFOI, Vol. III, page 7 
20.  UFOs, A New Look, page 8, NICAP 
21.  The UFO Experience, page 95, Hynek 
22.  Flying Saucers, Here & Now, page 23.  UFOs, A New Look, page 45