| Capt. Bernard Baruch, Jr.
Capt. Bernard Baruch, Jr., joined the Naval Reserve right before WW2. He originated the Joint US-UK CIRES, Communications Instructions for Reporting Enemy Sightings. Just after hostilities ceased in August 1945, he presented an idea for a peacetime reporting system to the Joint Chiefs of Staff. It was approved but not implemented. Starting in 1947, on his own expense, Baruch made numerous trips to Washington to lobby Cabinet and military officials for implementation. Because of his father's financial and political connections he was received by head of the CIA, Secretaries of the Air Force and Navy, and dozens of admirals and generals, including Symington, Hillenkoetter, etc. Finally, JANAP 146 was implemented with CIRES becoming, over time, CIRVIS, Communications Instructions for Reporting Vital Intelligence Sightings. Immediately, Air Force Intelligence objected to the security problems, especially involving the civilian airlines. Since AF Intelligence objected, it was given the job of fixing the problem. JANAP 146 was tabled as to the airlines but proceeded to be developed for the military. In 1949 Baruch suggested to General Vandenberg that UFO's be included in JANAP 146. By 1951, all the objections were overcome. Almost immediately Col. Harold Watson objected to the dual reporting system for UFO's. In 1952 Ruppelt also objected to the lack of detail in CIRVIS reports. In late 1952 Major Dewey Fournet was given the task of making JANAP 146 conform, and other reporting instructions be more harmonious, and integrating MERINT. After Fournet left the service Capt. Harry Smith finished work. JANAP 146 security provisions pre-dated the UFO requirement. Since Fournet's work was classified, Fournet could not let Keyhoe know that JANAP 146 was not a product of the "Silence Group. " Baruch started receiving declassified CIRVIS reports. He was then recalled to active duty on a fact finding mission involving CIRVIS effectiveness. In 1953 he rendered his report and briefed the Air Defense Command. In 1954 he and other officers met with airline executives to speed-up CIRVIS and increase reporting effectiveness of the system. Cates, Airline Owners & Pilots Association, suggested that Baruch meet with Keyhoe. Baruch conferred with Air Force Intelligence. General Lewis nixed the idea. Later, the 1006th AISS was assigned to determine if CIRVIS should be replaced. Baruch again lobbied against any change. His idea prevailed. Baruch was a one time member of New York Stock Exchange. He served under Hillenkoetter (post-CIA) when he commanded the New York Naval District in the 50's. (Jan Aldrich)