The 1947 UFO Sighting Wave
A Comprehensive Chronological Summary of the Period

The Rhodes Photo, July 7, 1947, Phoenix, Arizona

Created December 14, 2005, updated: 12 Nov 2018
This 26 page chrono involves a number of people. First of all, I want to thank Ted Bloecher. His 1967 work, the entire updated version, is available on the NICAP site (See below). Over a thousand incidents, many of which are included in the chronology below, are listed in the charts from "The Report on the UFO Wave of 1947" (Reference 1).  We also wish to thank Wendy Connors and Mike Hall for allowing us to post their great book, "Alfred Loedding and the Great Flying Saucer Wave of 1947". No 1947 work would be complete without the aid of Jan Aldrich of Project 1947. I want to thank all the members of the A-Team who made this possible. To view the 1947 sightings listed by Blue Book click here. Be sure to click on and read the two great books below. Finally, I want thank Loren Gross for thoughtfully and diligently collecting data many years ago for his UFO Histories and supplemental notes, in particular here the year 1947. And a big thanks to CUFOS and Mary Castnor for housing them on the CUFOS site..
Francis Ridge
NICAP Site Coordinator

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Jan., 1947; England
Midnight. "Ghost Plane X362" makes its first appearance. RAF radar picked up track of something flying at 30,000 feet. It zoomed over the East Anglia coast at speed of 400 miles an hour heading west. The target was logged in as track "X362," "X" being the RAF symbol for "unidentified". This incident became quite mysterious when the object made repeat appearances of the same nature, (UFOs A History 1947 SN Jan-Jun 6)

Jan. 16, 1947; North Sea, 50 miles from Holland (BBU)
10:30 p.m. (GMT). RAF pilot of Mosquito pursued unidentified radar target showing efficient controlled evasive action at 22,000 ft speed equal or greater than Mosquito, headed W? towards Norfolk, Eng. (FOIA) This was five months before the Kenneth Arnold sighting and the beginning of the Wave of 1947, followed by the crash at Roswell in early July. The incident was also linked to another "X raid" tracked by radar earlier that same day. An FBI document from July of 1947 quoted the Air Ministry case summary stating that: "no explanation has been forthcoming, nor has it been repeated." This information was not entirely accurate, because a very similar incident had occurred just 24 hours after the North Sea incident. As a direct result, Fighter Command immediately extended its night radar watch. (FOIA)

Jan. 17, 1947; North Sea
In the afternoon, two Chain Home Low stations in Lincolnshire (Skendleby and Humberstone) tracked what they described as "an exceptionally good track" (U294) at 10,000 feet above the North Sea. With Eastern Sector on alert, Meteor jets from 245 Squadron were placed on standby to scramble if Charlie came within range, but the plot faded from their screens. At 1945 hours the radar station at Humberstone, near Grimsby again tracked an unidentified target over the sea for a period of 30 minutes at a speed of more than 200 mph.

Feb. 6, 1947 Port Augusta, Australia
9:00 AM.*  While working in the yard at the Commonwealth Railways workshop Mr Ron Ellis and two workmates claim to have seen five strange objects in formation pass across the sky from N-S.  The objects were white or light pink and egg-shaped.  Ellis said that he could not give an accurate estimate of the size of the objects, but they were casting shadows and judging by his experience with aircraft in the RAAF during the war he considered they were about the size of a locomotive.  Although the objects kept on a direct course at a height of about 6000' feet they appeared to be quivering.  Owing to their great speed they were out of sight within a few seconds.  Any question of the phenomenon being an optical illusion was dispelled by the fact that a few minutes later both Mr Ellis and his companion gave an identical description of what they had seen.  Their description was verified by another member of the workshop who said he had also seen the objects.(Adelaide Advertiser 7 Feb 1947 copy provided by Darryl Tiggeman of Adelaide. [* time given in follow-up article the next day])

Feb. 28, 1947; 6 miles south of Lima, Peru
Time not given. While driving C.A.V. saw a sand-colored & very shiny disc-shaped object hovering 6-7 feet off the ground. Three figures emerged from it. They looked like mummies. They had a humanoid profile, but their legs were fused together. The hands looked like fingers in mittens, and they had a opposable thumb. The skin was sand-colored, & they had no facial features. There was a transparent area where the eyes should have been. Source suggested reliability rating: 2. (Due to the time of year and lack of reports, this incident needs to be checked - Fran Ridge)

April ?, 1947; Col De Serre, near Falgoux (Cantal), France
8:15 a.m.  The second French case in April: "M. Maxime Orliange, in car, observed an object which appeared like lens-shaped disc with a cupola above him, flying on an ascending sloping path. blue light emanated from the place where the cupola joined the disc. The disc seemed to be 30 meters in diameter, and when it was about 400 meters away it disappeared on near vertical path. (Guy Quincy Catalog, INTCAT #7; J. J. Vallee, Challenge to Science: The UFO Enigma, p.l 19; LDLN #249, P33)." (UFOs A History Jan-Jun 1947, NN 15)

April 1947; Richmond, Virginia ((BBU)
11 a.m. (EST). Meteorologist Minczewski saw a silvery disc through a theodolite while tracking a pibal weather balloon, traveling E to W at less than 15,000 ft, appeared larger than the balloon. (McDonald 1968; FOIA; FUFOR Index)

May 5, 1947; Seattle, Washington
3:30 PM. A silver object was spotted streaking across the sky by three witnesses. The object was thought to have nose dived and the witnesses all thought that the object was most certainly going to crash. Before it seemed to hit the ground, the object disintegrated leaving a “long pillar of “gas” hanging in the sky”. The gas pillar was very strange as it remained in the sky and didn't blow away like a plane trail would. It was said that the silver object was travelling at very high speed. It was also said to have had very erratic motions. (Lara Elliott, FBI UFO Docs PDF 4 of 16 Pages) [Interesting for several reasons: An early sighting before Arnold even though maybe not a UFO but noted by the FBI, who wouldn't investigate the incident in September since four months had elapsed. - Fran Ridge)

May 17 [19?], 1947; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (BBU)
8:30-9 p.m. Field Engineer Savage saw a frosty white round and flat object, with diameter/thickness ratio 10:1, the size of a B-29 [?] (140 ft) traveling N at 350° heading at 10,000­18,000 ft and 3 times speed of a jet [1,800 mph] with a slight swishing sound. 30-mins. (FOIA; FUFOR Index)

Last week of May, 1947; Near Beaufort, South Carolina
11:00 a.m. Dr. Battey, a physician in Augusta, Georgia, had been fishing ten miles off St. Helena Sound, near Beaufort, South Carolina. He noticed a formation of four disc-like objects flying overhead in a southeasterly direction at a terrific rate of speed. The discs appeared to be spinning on their axes and were at an estimated altitude of about 20,000 feet. They were silvery and appeared highly polished, and on their under-sides, Dr. Battey could see a circular rim, or projection, about one-quarter of the way from the edges. No sound was heard as they flew overhead. The formation sped out of view in less than twenty seconds. Dr. Battey's report of the sighting did not appear in print until July 6th, when the Augusta Chronicle gave it prominent front-page coverage. INS sent it out on the wires, where it was picked up by numerous newspapers around the country. (Bloecher)

There was approximately one sighting every other day for the first half of the June. These were scattered over the midwest and western United States. Then the sighting rate doubled to about 2 per day until June 20. I found 3 sightings for June 20, two for June 21, three on June 22, six on June 23..... and then the explosion:  I found 20 reports on June 24! 

June 2, 1947; Rehoboth Beach (near Lewes), Delaware (BBU)
Pilot Forrest Wenyon in aircraft flying N at 1,400 ft saw a silvery jar-shaped object 15 inches [?] in size cross in front of the plane at 1,000-10,000 mph heading E on a straight course at same altitude, with a silver-white fire exhaust. [Daytime meteor?] Sev secs. (Project 1947; McDonald list; FOIA; Bloecher 1967)

June 8 (??), 1947; 20 mi S. of Maltaw
Evening. Fishermen Pawlu Zammit and others on a boat 20 miles south of Malta were raising their nets with a catch of fish when they saw an object floating on the water's surface that looked like a black submarine. The fishermen were frightened because they thought it looked more like a monster than a submarine, so they quickly pulled in their nets and started the boat's engine. At that moment a bright light from the "submarine" lit up the whole area and "little men" began running over the deck of the object. The fishermen couldn't make out much detail from their boat, but whenever the light illuminated the "little men," they could see some sort of apparatus around their waist. When the witness was asked how tall these men were, he replied, "About the size of a 10 year old boy." After a few minutes, the "little men" entered the "submarine" which began to glow so brightly that the fishermen couldn't see the object. It then submerged.

June 12, 1947; Weiser, Idaho (BBU)
6:15 p.m. Mrs. H. Erickson saw 2 high speed round objects glistening in the sun at high altitude headed SE in trail formation moving up and down twice and leaving a vapor trail that persisted for over an hour. Sev secs. (McDonald list; FOIA; FUFOR Index; Bloecher 1967)

June 14, 1947; Bakersfield, Calif. (BBU)
2:15 p.m. Veteran pilot Richard Rankin and a young boy saw 10 "almost round" or Flying Flapjack-shaped objects in formation at 9,000 ft and 300-400 mph headed N on a straight level course, then 7 returned on reverse S course at 2:15 p.m. (McDonald list; FUFOR Index; Bloecher 1967)

June 19, 1947; Webster, Mass.
One of the earliest cases of humanoid reports appeared about two weeks later in, I believe, a Worchester paper -- possibly the Telegram. By an older, unidentified woman who saw an occupant inside an object who looked like "a Navy officer." (Bloecher)

June 20, 1947; Hot Springs, NM
8:00 PM MST. Woman and her daughter observed three revolving groups of three discs in triangular formation, straight course, S-NE (Bloecher,17,II-9)

June 21, 1947; Spokane, Washington (BBU)
11:50 [11:55 PST?] a.m. Civilian woman [Mrs. Guy R. ?] Overman saw 8 [shiny silvery and slim-­bodied?] disk-shaped objects the size of a house fly at 600 mph [or slower than a 2-engine army plane?] traveling SSW at 7,000 ft one object below an aircraft, then fall with a dead-leaf motion and land before 10 witnesses on the shore of the St. Joe River, Idaho. Sev mins. (Vallée Magonia 57; cf. FOIA; FUFOR Index; Bloecher 1967)

June 21, 1947; Maury Island, Washington
Cat 6. Maury Island Incident (hoax).

Fran Ridge:
Bloecher found 20 reports on June 24!  These were mostly in the far northwestern states of Washington, Oregon and Idaho. Sightings were scattered throughout the day from morning to night. After the 24th, the sighting rate stayed at about 10 per day or higher, with sightings occurring not just in the west but throughout the country.
June 24, 1947; near Pendleton Oregon
Afternoon. A man driving down a remote rural road heard a loud humming sound, and driving over a rise he saw on a nearby field a large disc shaped craft hovering six-feet off the ground. He could also see two short figures wearing green suits and white helmets standing right underneath the object. The figures suddenly vanished and the craft then shot towards the Columbia River, made a big circle then flew towards the mountains. (HC addition # 728. Source: Bob Gribble, Mufon UFO Journal # 290, Type: C) [Comments: Interesting report that occurred on the same day of the Arnold encounter. Also notable is the clothing description of the little men, which was said to have been green, not the little men themselves.]

June 24, 1947; Richland, Washington
2:30 p.m. PST.  L. G. Bernier, observed three flat objects that were faster that P-38's. The objects were flying on a level course to the northwest. [Note: Richland is part of the Hanford site]. (Ted Bloecher/Dan Wilson)

June 24, 1947; Mt. Rainier, Washington
At 3:00 P.M., pilot Kenneth Arnold, was flying his airplane near Mt. Rainier and noticed some flashes of light. He then saw the source of the flashes; a string of nine very bright metallic objects.

Kenneth Arnold:
"I spent the next twenty to thirty seconds urgently searching the sky all around - to the sides and above and below me - in an attempt to determine where the flash of light had come from.  The only actual plane I saw was a DC-4 far to my left and rear, apparently on its San Francisco to Seattle run.  My momentary explanation to myself was that some lieutenant in a P-51 had given me a buzz job across my nose and that it was sun reflecting off his wings as he passed that had caused the flash.  Before I had time to collect my thoughts or to find a close aircraft, the flash happened again.  This time I caught the direction from which it had come.  I observed, far to my left and to the north, a formation of very bright objects coming from the vicinity of Mt. Baker, flying very close to the mountain tops and traveling at tremendous speed.... I observed a chain of nine peculiar looking aircraft flying from north to south at approximately 9,500 ft elevation and going, seemingly, in a definite direction of about 170 degrees."

June 24, 1947; Mt. Adams, Wash. (BBU 12)
Afternoon. Just about the time that Kenneth Arnold lost sight of his objects, Fred Johnson, listed as a prospector, reported watching five or six disc-shaped craft as they flew over the Cascade Mountains. He said they were round with a slight tail and about 30 feet in diameter. They were not flying in any sort of formation and as they banked in a turn, the sunlight flashed off them. As they approached, Johnson noticed that his compass began to spin wildly. When the objects finally vanished in the distance, the compass returned to normal.

June 24, 1947; Diamond Gap, Washington
3:00 PM. A member of the Washington State forest service was on fire watch at lookout tower at Diamond Gap, a small settlement near the town of Salmon, just south of Mount Rainier, noticed something in the sky which he said were: ". .flashes in the distance quite high up in the east (and they] .seemed to be going in straight line and made strange noise, higher pitched than most airplanes make."  (Newsclipping. Loren Gross, UFOS: A History 1947, page 8) 

June 24, 1947; Pendleton, Oregon
A humanoid report on the same day Arnold had his sighting (Bloecher).

June 24, 1947; 10-12 mi. E of Joliet, Illinois
1:50 p.m. CST.  Charles Kastl, 60, an employee for 38 years with the Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railroad, was walking along a highway to work when he spotted about nine speeding discs in the air.  He described them as a string of flat circular objects "going faster than anything I've ever seen." Kastl said he could see no connecting link between them, but they acted as though the leading disk had a motor in it to power the others because when it flipped, the others would too. When it would right itself, the others would right themselves.They were appeared to be very high (4,000' ???) and heading N-S. (The Cedar Rapids Gazette, June 28, 1947) [UFOE, XII]

June 27, 1947; Woodland, Washington
Two groups of loosely-bunched objects rocking back and forth as they flew over noiselessly, were reported seen over this small southwest Washington town during the afternoon. The report was phoned in to the Portland Oregon Journal late the same afternoon by the witness, Clyde Homan, manager of Tulips, Inc., a bulb-growing farm two miles south of Woodland, near the Columbia River. (Case 85, Bloecher)

June 28, 1947; 30 miles NW of Lake Mead, Nevada (BBU)
3:15 [1:15 PST?] p.m. AAF pilot Lt. E. B. Armstrong from Brook AAF, San Antonio, Texas, flying F-51 fighter at 6,000 ft saw a tight formation of 5-6 white circular 3 ft objects off his right wing heading 120° [about ESE] at 6,000 ft at 285 mph. (Ruppelt p. 19; FOIA; FUFOR Index; Bloecher 1967).

June 28,  Rockfield, Wisconsin (BBU)
3:43 [3:45 CST?] p.m. Marion Beuschler and her brother a farmer saw 7-10 saucer-shaped objects fly overhead directly over their home "like blue blazes" heading S at high speed. (McDonald list; FOIA; FUFOR Index; Bloecher 1967, Dan Wilson)

June 28, 1947; Maxwell AFB, Montgomery, Alabama (BBU)
9:20-9:45 p.m. 4 AAF officers including 2 pilots and 2 intelligence officers, Capt. W. H. Kayko, Capt. J. H. Cantrell, Capt. Redman, 1st Lt. T. Dwwey, saw a bright light just above the SW horizon travel towards them in a zigzag with bursts of high speed, when directly overhead it made a sharp 90° turn and lost to view in the S [SW?]. 25-mins. (Ruppelt p.19; FOIA; FUFOR Index; Bloecher 1967)

June 29, 1947; Des Moines, Iowa (BBU)
3:45 [4:45 CST?] p.m. Bus driver Dale Bays saw a single file line of 4 [18 ?] "dirty white" round objects between circular and oval in shape, inverted saucer shape about 175-250 ft diameter 12 ft thick, at about 1,200 ft height traveling about 300 mph to the SSE, sound of electric motor or dynamo. Another group of 13 objects seen heading SSE to NNW [later?]. Few mins. (Battelle/BBSR14 ?; Mary Castner/CUFOS; FUFOR Index; FOIA; Bloecher 1967)

About June 29, 1947; Jacksonville, Oregon
About 1:00 p.m.. A V-formation of UFOs seen by a group of people on a Sunday either at the end of June or early in July. The date, believed to be June 29, had not been definitely established. A group of people west of Medford, just above the California border. The formation was traveling northwest toward Medford, east of the observers. There were nine objects. According to one witness, when first seen the objects were "as white as snow geese";  as they came closer they became blue-white, "like a fluorescent-bulb light." They were sharply outlined and seemed to be solid; "also translucent, like a light, pebbled, frosted bulb." The size of the individual objects was estimated as more than twice the diameter of the full moon -- presumably when the objects were nearest to the witnesses, although this is not stated definitely. (Reference 1, Section II, Page 3)

June 29, 1947; About 20 [15?] miles ENE of Las Cruces, New Mexico (BBU)
About 1:15 [1:20?] p.m. Rocket scientist-engineer Dr. Carl J. Zohn, Admin Asst., Rocket Sonde Section, USN Naval Research Lab (NRL) temporarily assigned to White Sands Proving Ground (WSPG), NRL scientist Curtis C. Rockwood and his wife, and WSPG technician John R. Kauke, were driving in a car from Las Cruces to WSPG headed NE when they saw to their right front [E] a rotating silvery or shiny disc or sphere with no appendages, wings, tail, propellers, reflecting sunlight [pulsating?], crossing the sky at high speed heading N at about 8,000-10,000 ft which suddenly disappeared in mid-air in a clear cloudless sky. Kauke had stopped the car and briefly saw a short vapor trail at one point not reported by the others. Zohn on the passenger side rolled the window for an unobstructed view. Nearly 60-secs. (FOIA; cf. Ruppelt, p. 20; FUFOR Index; Randle-Schmitt; Bloecher 1967; etc.)

June 30, 1947; Near S rim of Grand Canyon, Ariz. (BBU)
9:10 a.m. (MST?). Navy Lt. William G. McGinty flying P-80 from Williams AAF at 30,000 ft heading S saw 2 gray, circular objects about 8 or 10 ft diameter, diving at "unconceivable" speed from about 25,000 ft, which appeared to land 25 miles S of the Grand Canyon. (Vallée Magonia 59; cf. Project 1947; FOIA; FUFOR Index; Bloecher 1967)

Few of the thirty-nine reports for this period received headline attention when they were printed, and by June 30th, newspaper coverage was not quite as widespread as it had been several days earlier.  But UFO sightings would very shortly pick again as the July 4th holiday approached.
In early July the sighting rate climbed beyond 20 per day to 88 sightings on July 4, 76 on July 5, 156 on July 6, 159 on July 7, and a whopping 189 on July 8.  After that it dropped quickly back to 20 per day and then only a few per day.

The last meeting, one of the most important meetings of our time, took place at the Pentagon to discuss the evaluation of the atomic bomb as a military weapon. The Joint Chiefs of Staff Evaluation Board meeting signaled the start of the nuclear arms race. Just by reading the highlighted portions of the report one must wonder if this is the reason for the start of the modern UFO wave in 1947. Mankind was embarking on a road to mass destruction. And the confusion displayed by the military during the height of the UFO flap, combined with the nagging residue of unexplained sightings, made plain that the U.S. had no adequate early warning system against surprise attack

Early July, 1947; Nashville, Tennessee
Area of a sighting of a landed disc and two occupants. (Bloecher)

Early July, 1947; Near Malta, Mediterranean Sea
2:30 p.m. (EDT). Fishermen on a boat 20 miles south of Malta were raising their nets with a catch of fish when they saw an object floating on the water's surface that looked like a black submarine. The fishermen were frightened because they thought it looked more like a monster than a submarine, so they quickly pulled in their nets and started the boat's engine. At that moment a bright light from the "submarine" lit up the whole area and "little men" began running over the deck of the object. The fishermen couldn't make out much detail from their boat but whenever the light illuminated the "little men", they could see some sort of apparatus around their waist. Original reference: "UFOs fuq iI-Gzejjer Maltin" by David Pace

July 1, 1947, Chitose, Hokkaido, Japan
Time not given. A target was picked up 16 miles north of the base on a course of 180 degrees. The GCA unit immediately called the tower and asked if any aircraft were operating north of the field. At this instant of this radio transmission, the target reversed course to 360 degrees and was tracked out to a range of 28 miles. The target then changed course to 240 degrees arid was tracked out 6 miles where it again reversed course to 060 degrees and returned to the original point 28 miles north of the base. The target then changed course to 360 degrees and faded out of range. The nearest known operational U.S.S.R. air base to the north of Chitose AAB is Otomari on southern Ostrov Sakhalin at a range of 234 nautical miles from Chitose AAB. This base is classified as having temporary runways of 4500 - 6000 foot length. Base contains a large aviation gasoline tank farm with a pipe line to Korsakov Harbor which is capable of handling tankers. Headquarters of the U.S.S.R. Air Force on Karafuto is located in the Toyohara area about 24 miles to the north of Otomari. ((Item "a" from SECRET letter, Fran Ridge, Jan Aldrich)

July 1, 1947; White Sands 
This alleged incident is listed for-the-record only and has been declared a hoax. This is the "McKenzie"/Kaufmann hoax)

July 2, 1947. Roswell, New Mexico (BBU)
9:50 p.m. (MST). Pharmacist Dan Wilmot, wife, and son Paul, at home in downtown Roswell. Fireball came from SE directly or almost directly overhead, heading towards and disappearing over Sixmile Mtn at about azimuth 306° (about NW). (Sparks; Roswell Daily Record, July 8.1947)

July 3, 1947; San Diego NAS, California
12:45 p.m. Motor machinists Chief Robert L Jackson and Chief William Baker reported three saucer shaped objects twice the size of Navy aircraft, gleaming in sun like aluminum, flying about 400 mph, over ocean west of San Diego (Src: San Diego, CA Union 4 Jul 1947, Bloecher Case 194)

July 3, Roswell, New Mexico
Cat 6 (physical evidence). The Roswell Crash.

July 3, 1947; South Brooksville-Harborside, Maine (BBU 27)
2:30 p.m. (EDT). Astronomer John F. Cole alerted by a roaring noise overhead saw about 10 very light colored 50-100 ft wide objects to the N at about 50° elevation in a formation initially about 1.5° wide, with 2 dark forms to their left or 2 objects had darker projections somewhat like wings, moving like a swarm of bees to the NW at about 600-1,200 mph through about 30° arc [at about 4-20 miles distance?]. 10-15 secs. (Berliner; McDonald 1968; FOIA; Bloecher 1967)

July 3, 1947; near Santa Rosa NAS, California
4:50 p.m. A trained observer from the Naval Auxiliary (name withheld by newspaper and confirmed by Dr.  R. W. Nelson, civilian dentist) observed an object shaped like a giant pocket watch colored like aluminum about 15-20 feet in diameter, about 1,000 feet above main runway,  It moved N to end of runway, turned E banking headed toward Santa Rosa. (Jan Aldrich, Loren Gross, Santa Rosa Press-Democrat)

July 3, 1947; St. Maries, Idaho
Mrs. Walter Johnson of Dishman, Idaho, and nine other witnesses near St. Maries, observed eight objects land on a mountainside at Butlers Bay on the St. Joe River. According to Mrs. Johnson the saucers came into view at an extreme speed traveling south to north and suddenly slowed, then fluttered like leaves to the ground in timber. Ted Bloecher suggested that this report should have been among those in the Air Force files because it had been reported to intelligence officers from the Spokane Army Air Base, and an intensive air search was carried out by two missions of the National Guards 116th Fighter Group. Local sheriffs deputies also made a  ground search, but since no apparent trace of the objects was found, a report was probably never forwarded to Wright Field in Dayton. (Bloecher)

According to these (AMC) spokesmen, the investigation at Wright Field was continuing, in spite of what spokesmen in Washington were telling the press. Within twenty four hours after the release of these official statements, events would begin to take place that would leave everybody, civilians and military personnel alike, in a state closely approximating Ruppelt's description of a flap. Reports of sightings, coming almost simultaneously from hundreds of bewildered citizens, were made to newspapers and police stations all over the country, and adjacent areas as well, from Southern California to New Brunswick, and from Louisiana to North Dakota. People everywhere were experiencing the beginning of one of the most massive waves of UFO sightings on record.  Reports came from all kinds of observers:  from picnickers and holiday crowds, from policemen and public officials, and from pilots, farmers, professional men, housewives and bus drivers.

July 4, 1947; Redmond (near) , OR (BBU)
11 a.m. C. J. Bogne of Tigard, Ore., and other witnesses in a car near Redmond saw 4 discs flying past Mt. Jefferson on a straight course at high speed. (McDonald list; FOIA; Ruppelt p. 20; Bloecher 1967)

July 4, 1947; Portland and Milwaukee, Oregon, and Vancouver, Wash. (BBU)
1:05 p.m. Radio newsman Frank Cooley of station KOIN, INS wire service employees in the Portland Oregon Journal Building, Clark County Sheriff's Deputy Fred Krives, Deputy Clarence McKay, Sgt. John Sullivan, Portland Police Officer Kenneth A. McDowell, Harbor Patrol Capt. K. A. Prahn, Harbor Patrolmen A. T. Austad and K. C. Hoff, Portland Police Officers Earl J. Patterson [Paterson?], Walter A. Lissy and Robert Ellis, Oregon Highway Patrol Sgt. Claude Cross, and many others over a wide area saw 5 large discs moving at high speed to the E, 2 flying S and 3 to the E, with oscillating or wobbling motion, sudden 90° turns or zigzagging, radio reports alerted other officers who saw the objects, aluminum or chromium color, disc or hubcap or pie-pan or half-moon shape flashing in the sun, no vapor trail, no noise (except possible humming), some at 10,000-­40,000 ft others at about 1,000 ft. McDowell noticed pigeons reacted. Sullivan, McKay and Krives noted low humming sound and reported 20-30 objects. Cooley reported 12 discs at about 20,000 ft. [Further sightings at 2, 4:30, 5 p.m.] Patterson, Lissy and Ellis were pilots. 30-90 secs. (Hynek UFO Rpt pp. 100­2; McDonald 1968; FOIA; Bloecher 1967)

July 4, 1947; Seattle, Washington
5:45 p.m. Photo by Frank Ryman. U.S. Coast Guard yeoman took first known photograph of UFO, a white circular object which moved across the wind. Photo shows round dot of light. (UFOE, VII, XII, Hall II 87, SIGN/Grudge Case 3, Project Blue Book #
Bloecher Case # 257) 

July 4, 1947; Portland, Oregon (BBU)
2 p.m. E. A. Evans saw 3 metallic discs glinting sunlight, 1 moving W to E, followed by 2 others heading N. [Other sightings at 1:05, 4:30, 5 p.m.] (Hynek UFO Rpt pp. 100-2; McDonald 1968; FOIA; Bloecher 1967)

July 4, 1947; Portland, Oregon (BBU)
4:30 p.m. Mrs. L. J. Hayward saw a silvery disc-shaped object looking like a new dime flipping in an erratic path moving slowly. [Other sightings at 1:05, 2, 5 p.m.] (Hynek UFO Rpt pp. 100-2; McDonald 1968; FOIA; Bloecher 1967)

July 4, 1947; Portland and Milwaukee, Oregon, and Vancouver, Wash (BBU).
5 p.m. [Other sightings at 1:05, 2, 4:30 p.m.] (Hynek UFO Rpt pp. 100-2; McDonald 1968; FOIA; Bloecher 1967)

July 4, 1947; Near Emmett, Idaho (BBU 34)
9:12 [8:17? 8:12?] p.m. (MST). United Air Lines Flight 105 Capt. Emil J. Smith, First Officer Ralph Stevens, Stewardess Marty Morrow who was called in by Smith as a confirming witness, flying NW on heading 300° from Boise to Seattle at about 7,000 ft, saw 5 disc-shaped objects with flat bottoms and rough tops (possibly 100+ ft size) move at varying speeds, in loose formation [or evenly spaced?] roughly 1,000 ft higher in altitude about 10° left of their heading [or at 290°], with one high and to the right of the others in the distance, all disappearing to the W [NW?] in a gradual climb at about 9:20 p.m. as 5 [4?] additional similar objects came into view slightly higher heading W [or took off to the NW; 3 objects in a line with 1 off to the side]. Smith tried to close on the objects at 185 mph as he climbed from 7,000 to 8,000 ft but could not. 12-15-mins. (Berliner; cf. McDonald 1968; Bloecher 1967; FBI..)

July 5,1947; Albuquerque, NM
9:00 AM. Five discs flew toward the east over the city; one circled back over the city. In the afternoon five witnesses saw a sphere maneuver in-and-out of clouds. (Source: Jan Aldrich, Project 1947: A Preliminary Report on the 1947 UFO Sighting Wave; Albuquerque Journal, July 6, 1947).

July 5, 1947; Seattle, Washington
12:40 p.m. SGT Raynar Cain, USMC reported two disc-like objects like footballs. One banked slightly at about 8000 feet, then shot up and out of sight to north. Second one following a minue behind, wobbling
headed north climbing out of sight. (Bloecher Case # 326)

July 6, 1947; S. Central Wyoming
Aviation engineer saw oval UFO. [UFOE, VI] 

July 6, 1947; Buckley NAS, Colorado
Daytime. LeRoy Krieger, Aerologist, Second Class; James Cavalieri, hospital apprentice, reported a bright round silvery object to the ?? shooting up and down noiselessly for several minutes, then left at high speed. (Bloecher Case #403)

July 6, 1947; Fairfield-Suisan AFB, California (BBU 36)
Daytime. AAF Capt. and Mrs. James H. Burniston saw a highly reflective round flat object having no wings or tail, the size of a C-54 transport (118 ft) roll from side-to-side 3 times then fly away very fast from NW to the SE [SW?] at 10,000 ft. (Berliner; Bloecher 1967)

1:45 p.m. AAF pilot Major A. B. Browning and crew flying B-25 E to Kansas City saw a silvery circular object 30-50 ft diameter pacing the aircraft at a little lower altitude then shot off at high speed heading E at 11,000 ft at 210 mph.  (Project 1947; FOIA; Bloecher 1967)

July 7, 1947; 7 miles N of Shreveport, Louisiana (BBU)
Morning. Military aircraft pilot Harston saw a bright silver object about the angular size of the moon.
(Project 1947; McDonald list)

July 7, 1947; Hickam Field, Hawaii (BBU)
9 a.m. Civil Service employee Saito saw a large silver balloon-like object with silvery disc [attached?] immediately beneath it without attaching cables slowly ascending to the NW at 6,000 ft. (McDonald list; FOIA; FUFOR Index)

July 7, 1947; Muroc Army Air Field, Calif. (BBU)
10:10 a.m. AAF experimental test pilot Major Jowell C. Wise while powering up an XP-84 jet on the runway looked up where others were looking and saw to the N a yellowish-white sphere about 5­ 10 ft diameter oscillating in a "forward whirling" motion without losing altitude at about 10,000­12,000 ft altitude moving W to E at about 200-225 mph. [Sightings at Muroc next day.] (FOIA)

July 7, 1947; Willow Springs, Illinois
A very notable incident occurred around noon, when Robert Meegan and his 14 year old son John heard a buzzing noise overhead. They were working in the fields on their farm near the Des Plains River not far from the Argonne National Laboratories. Looking up they saw "13 round objects all going east, single file in a straight line." They described the objects as round with flat bottoms estimated about as big as a house and bluish-grey in color. They stated that the craft flew on a straight and level course toward the east. (Ref 2 page 73)

July 7, 1947; Lakeland, Florida (BBU)
Bet. [?] 1-2 p.m. (EST). Sign painter saw 5 round shiny objects in the NE climbing at 7,500 ft; shrill noise heard. (Battelle/BBSR14 ?; Mary Castner/CUFOS)

July 7, 1947; PacificOcean off Fort Bragg, California
3:10 p.m. Two witnesses were surf fishing and observed a flat, glistening object approach them from the ocean. They could not estimate its height as it was dropping rapidly and finally hit the water approximately a quarter of a mile off shore with an enormous splash. It was traveling at a high rate of speed, and just before it hit the water, they heard a humming sound. The object floated for a few minutes and then appeared to have sunk. Estimated to be the size of a large truck tire. (Carl Feindt)

July 7, 1947; Decatur Alabama
Around 6:00 pm  Lucile Hullet and Kenneth Patterson witnessed a UFO from their front yard in Danville. The UFO was about ¼ mile south of their location and at 1,000 to 1,500 off the ground. The saucer was so bright, it hurt the observers eyes. The UFO was moving at 100 to 150 mph and heading west to east. The sighting lasted several minutes. ()“Flying Discs Are Seen Over Danville”, by Frank Heflin; The Decatur Daily, Decatur, Alabama, July 8, 1947, Tuesday, Page 1 [article attached] submitted by John S. Chase)

July 7, 1947; Arlington, Virginia (BBU)
Bet. 10:30 and 11 p.m. (EDT). AAF Lt. Col. Cobb saw a "blob," the size of a small airplane, reflecting white light flying at less than 500 ft above ground to the SE at about 1,350 mph. (FOIA; FUFOR Index)

July 7, 1947; Phoenix, Arizona (BBU)
Sighting and photograph of a gray, elliptical object about 20-30 feet in diameter with a visible canopy; object moving at an estimated 400-600 m.p.h., spiraled down from about 2,000 feet, then went upward at a 45 degree angle, making no sound while within view. Analysis based on camera data indicated a diagonal size of about 40-50 feet. (Rhodes phtotos, Project SIGN "Initial Report," chart, Incident No. 40)

July 7, 1947; Tacoma, Washington
Bloecher's case 547, from his book, is a humanoid report.

July 7. 1947. Lakeland. Florida (BBU)
Bet. [?] 1-2 p.m. (EST). Sign painter Griffin saw 5 round shiny objects in the NE climbing at 7.500 ft; shrill noise heard. (Sparks; Battelle/BBSR14 ?: Mary Castner/CUFOS; Saunders/FUFOR Index)

July 8, 1947698, outside of Houston, Texas
Case 698, from Bloechers' book, is another humanoid report.

July 8, 1947; Los Angeles (near), California
Cat 11, F-51 pilot (M)

Fran Ridge:
According to Captain Edward Ruppelt, the top secret "Estimate of the Situation", which was... that the UFOs were interplanetary, listed the following case as one which suggested that conclusion.

July 8, 1947; Muroc Army Air Field, Calif. (BBU)
9:45 a.m. (PDT). AAF 1st Lt. Joseph C. McHenry, T/Sgt Joseph Ruvolo, S/Sgt Gerald E. Nauman, and Miss Jannette Marie Scotte at 10:00 a.m., saw two saucer or disc shaped objects, silver and apparently metallic, fly a wide circular pattern [?] at about 7500-8000 ft at 350-400 mph heading 320° (about NW) toward Mojave, Calif. Before the first 2 objects disappeared a 3rd similar disc or spherical silver object reflecting sunlight was seen, with additional 5 witnesses, to the N flying tight circles at about 7,000-8,000 ft beyond capability of known aircraft, maintaining altitude. No sound or trails. 3-4 mins. [See sightings at Muroc later in the day and previous day.]

July 8, 1947; Muroc Army Air Field, Calif. (BBU)
11:50 a.m.-12 noon. AAF experimental test pilot Capt. John Paul Strapp, Mr. Lenz from Wright Field and 2 others in an observation truck at Area 3 of Rogers Dry Lake for a P-82 ejection seat test saw a round silver or aluminum-white object at first thought to be a parachute, about 25 ft wide, falling from a height below the 20,000 ft of the test aircraft at 3x the rate for an ejection seat test, drifting horizontally toward Mt. Wilson (to the S) at less than 50-80 mph, which when close to horizon appeared to have an oval outline with 2 thick fins or knobs on the upper surface which seemed to rotate or oscillate, no propellers, slowly disappearing below the mountain tops in the distance after 90 secs.

July 8, 1947, Muroc Army Air Field, Calif. (BBU)
Noon. Others witnesses independently, including Muroc CO Col. Signa A. Gilkey and engineer Major Richard R. Shoop and wife saw from a different location 5-8 miles away to the N [?] the apparently same falling object, thin metallic aluminum colored and the size of a pursuit aircraft [50 ft?], reflecting sunlight and oscillating, descend to ground level, then rise again and move slowly off in the distance for a total of 8 mins. No sound or trail. [See sightings at Muroc earlier and later in the day and previous day.] 8-mins. (FOIA; Vallée Magonia 60)

July 8, 1947; 40 miles S of Muroc Army Air Field (BBU)
4 p.m. Exactly four hours later the pilot of an F-51 was flying at 20,000 feet about 40 miles south of Muroc Air Base when he sighted a "flat object of a light reflecting nature." He reported that it had no vertical fin or wings. When he first saw it, the object was above him and he tried to climb up to it, but his F-51 would not climb high enough. All air bases in the area were contacted but they had no aircraft in the area. (Exact and complete quote from Ruppelt p. 22)

July 8, 1947; Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
5:30 p.m., HST. More than 100 Navy men watched an oblong shaped object over the base at Pearl Harbor. It was described by most witnesses as "silvery colored, like aluminum, with no wings or tail, sort of round or oblong-shaped, and moving both slow and fast." The object was "very high," and moving westward toward Honolulu in "alternating bursts of speed" and in a "slow, zigzagging" flight path. Among the Navy men reporting the object were Yeoman 2c Ted Purdue, 21, of McClain, Texas; Yeoman 1c Douglas Kacherle, 22, of New Bedford, Mass.; Seaman 1c Donald Ferguson, 19, of Indianapolis, Indiana; Yeoman Morris Kzamme, 13, of LaCrosse, Wisconsin; and Seaman Albert Delancey, 19, of Salem, West Virginia. Navy officials at the base reported that they had begun an investigation of the reports. A check of balloon flights was made and it was learned that at 4:35 p.m. a weather balloon had been sent aloft from the Honolulu Airport, but had risen quickly and was carried off to the south. (Case 769, The UFO Wave of 1947)

July 8, 1947; Norfolk, Virginia
11:30 PM. On this night a young boy, Billy Turrentine, aged 13/14, managed to photograph a UFO he claimed to be flying across the sky when he was sitting out on the front porch of his apartment. He observed a "grey, almost black"¯ object of large size flying across the sky at a high rate of speed going in a SW to NE direction. He described the large object as if it was "rocking and spinning like a football"¯ and like a "burned crisp"¯. Billy claimed that this large object was also followed by two smaller objects proceeding in the same direction. A white mist was thought to have been followed by all three of the objects. Billy also claimed that the objects were at a much higher altitude and speed (600 miles per hour at an estimated 5000 feet) than that of any plane seen in Norfolk. Photographers have claimed that despite Billy having an old camera, he did a fine job capturing the flying saucer. Billy was interviewed by a Special Agent (unnamed) on the 8th of August regarding this occurrence

12:17 p.m. (PDT). Idaho Statesman aviation editor and former (AAF) B-29 pilot Dave Johnson flying in an Idaho Air National Guard AT-6 saw a black disc, standing out against the clouds, make a half-roll then a stair-step climb. Object the size of a 25-cent coin [at arm's length?]. (Berliner, Sparks, Wilson)

Shortly after 5:00 p.m. EST.  Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Edward Lane were picking berries when they heard a kind of "puff" noise nearby. Looking up, they saw a ball of white, sparkling fire, like a 4th of July sparkler, about the size of a bushel basket, no more than a hundred feet away. It was hovering several feet above a stretch of sand. After about 10 or 15 seconds, the fiery object "went out," and the object vanished. The only thing remaining was a peculiar dark substance on the sand, and some metallic fragments. The report, from the Air Force files, is explained as a "Possible hoax." ( IV ­ 2 ) Analysis does not, as such, constitute any proof of a hoax. On the contrary, it seems to confirm that something of an unusual nature did occur, although it does not seem on the face of it to be necessarily connected with UFOs. According to a letter from Lt. Colonel Barnett B. Young, dated August 18, 1947, the incident, while classified as a hoax, "was not initiated by the observer." (Bloecher Case 802, FBI docs)

July 9, 1947, North Hollywood, California
A report was received by the Los Angeles office of the FBI that a flying saucer had landed in the area around Redford and Magnolia Streets in North Hollywood. The saucer was described as approximately 30 inches in diameter, all metal, disc shaped and to have a radio antenna. It was also reported to have burst into flames upon landing. An unknown woman called and "excitedly" reported that the disc had had landed in her garden and began to flame. The woman phoned the fire department which took the disc to the fire station where it was held until it was transferred to "the office". The flying disc was examined and and unknown Major reported that the object was most definitely a hoax. (FBI docs, Lara Elliott)

July 9, 1947; Grand Falls, Newfoundland (BB)
11:30 p.m. Eric Kearsay, a Newfoundland Constable, arrived home and was asked by his wife it he saw the "flying saucers." Just minutes earlier, his wife, his mother-in-law, and Mr. John Jackman saw four round shaped objects flying in an easterly direction. Mr Jackman said that the objects were flying side by side at a terrific rate of speed. As Eric Kearsay looked skyward, he, his wife and Mr. Jackman saw a round object like a huge jellyfish with a phosphorous glow flash across the sky in a rocking motion. The direction of this object was not stated. (Dan Wilson)

July 10, 1947; Harmon Field, Newfoundland, Canada (BBU)
Bet. 3 and 5 p.m. [or 5:30 p.m. (ADT)]. Cat. 8. Three ground crewmen, A. R. Leidy, J. N. Mehrman, and J. E. Woodruff, of Pan American Airways, briefly saw a translucent disc or silvery wheel-shaped object the size of a C-54 transport fly very fast at 10,000 ft, leaving a dark bluish-black trail, then ascend and cut a path through the clouds. Photo. (Berliner; FOIA)

July 10, 1947; Near Ft. Sumner, New Mexico (BBU)
4:47 p.m. Dr. Lincoln LaPaz with wife and 2 teenage daughters were driving W on Hwy 60 when they saw a sharply outlined, white ellipsoidal seemingly luminous 200 ft object (±40 ft, major/minor axis ratio 2.45) wobbling in the distance to the W [probably 272° azimuth initially] about 25 miles away (±5 miles; distance from triangulation of the cloud bank by driving around it by about 90° over 50 miles along Hwy 84 and weather data). Object about 30 secs almost motionless at a low speed of about 150 mph (±30 mph) then disappeared behind a cloud at 273° azimuth elevation 1° but reappeared 5 secs later further to the right, or N, and higher at 275° azimuth 2° elevation, about 1 mile distance traveled thus an average speed of roughly 600-900 mph [peak velocity about 1,400 mph at about 13 gs], but no sound, no trail. Object continued to slowly drift N about 2 mins [in level flight] until disappearing in the cloud bank [at about 287° azimuth]. 2.5 mins. (LIFE Incident 2; Hynek astronomer survey Aug. 1952; etc.)

July 10,  1947; Morristown, New Jersey
Cat 8. Six daylight discs observed from aircraft.

2:45 am. An unknown woman (name blacked out in FBI files) heard a noise in the back of her home and thought a collision had occurred, so she went to investigate and found a disc 30-1/2" in diameter, circular in shape and "dished like a saucer" in the back garden of the home next door. On the surface of the disc a plastic cone was attached described as about 14 inches in diameter and fixed on with 8 bolts "in a rather rough manner". On the other surface another dome, described as metallic and gold and silver in colour. Three tubes were observed going through the plastic dome, these tubes resembling radio tubes with writing on them. The disc was 10 inches thick and 14 inches thick where the domes are located. (FBI doc, Lara Elliott) According to details found in the Tulsa Daily World newspaper of July 12th , four boys aged from 15 to 16 years spent two days making the disc, which measured 30-1/2" across. The boys planted the disc in Thompson's house garden at about 10 PM the previous night.(Vicente-Juan Ballester Olmos).

July 11, 1947; Elmendorf Air Base, Anchorage, Alaska (BBU)
11:00 a.m. (AHST).  AAF Col. Bruce H. Perry and Major William E. Geyser, 59th AACS Group, saw a round 2-3 ft or 10 ft aluminum or silver-metallic spherical object travel at great speed to the S at estimated altitude of 3,000 to 4,000 ft, below scattered clouds at 10,000 ft.  (Sparks;  Lara Elliott/NICAP website;  FBI files;  BB files;  McDonald list;  FOIA;  Saunders/FUFOR Index) 15-20 secs 2 witnesses 1/2 Full Moon

July 12, 1947; Sand Point Naval Air Station, Washington
6:35 p.m. Seaman John C. Kennedy, Seaman Ben Bobberly reported a disc-like object observed flying overhead headed east toward Kirkland over Lake Washington. Silvery, perfectly round and made no noise. Reported to officers on base. (Jan Aldrich, Bloecher Case #835)

July 24, 1947; Squantum Naval Air Station, Massachussetts
Morning. Joseph Muka, Seaman 2c, John Francis Nihen, aerographic. During routine weather check on the Operations Building a highly polished silver ball hurtled thru the air between about 8 to 10 thousand feet at a speed of 300 mph and raising in NW durecton. It was not a weather balloon. (Gross Supplement to Supplements, page 40-41 Quincy, (MA) Patriot-Ledger 24 July 1947, page 1).

July 28, 1947; Bt. Mountain Home & Boise, Idaho
8:34 p.m. Crew of a Seattle-bound United Airlines Mainliner DC-3 reported disc-like object in the sky at estimated 9,010 feet as twin-engine liner was flying at 7,500 feet. CAA said no other planes in the area where pilot Givian said he saw the disc. (Newsclipping, Dan Wilson)

July 29, 1947; Canyon Ferry, Montana (Helena?) (BBU)
12:05 p.m. Observer Madden and two others saw hovering and fluttering, rising and descending 3 ft gleaming and shimmering object heading NE at 3,000 ft height at tremendous speed. (McDonald list; FUFOR Index)

July 29, 1947; Hamilton Field, Calif. (BBU 69)
2:50 p.m. (local). Assistant Base Operations Officer Capt. William H. Ryherd and ex-Air B-29 pilot 1st Lt. Ward Stewart saw for unknown length of time two round, shiny, white objects with estimated 15-25 foot diameters, fly 3-4 times the apparent speed of a P-80, also in sight, (or at 750 mph), at 6,000-10,000 ft heading S or SE at 120°. One object flew straight and level; the other weaved from side-to-side like an escort fighter. (Berliner; FOIA; FUFOR Index)

By the end of July the sighting rate was about one per day and by August it was down to several per week. (Newspapers reported a few sightings in other countries as well.)

Capt. Edward J Ruppelt:
"By the end of July (1947) The UFO security lid was down tight. The few members of the press who did inquire about what the Air Force was doing got the same treatment that you would get today if you inquired about the number of thermonuclear weapons stock-piled in the U.S. atomic arsenal. . . (At ATIC there was) confusion almost to the point of panic." (Report on Unidentified Flying Objects, p.39)

Michael Swords:
As July wore on into August, (Lt. Col. George D.) Garrett, (General) Schulgen, and (FBI's liaison officer to the AAF/AF) S. Wesley Reynolds became confused by a lack of interest and pressure emanating from the high echelons of the Pentagon. The previous year they had gone through an investigative furor about a subject that they considered to be similar to the flying discs, when hundreds of ghost rocket reports came out of Sweden and other European countries. In 1946, the top brass had exerted continuous pressure to find an answer, but now it had gone completely quiet. This puzzling void has been termed the silence from topside. It was very peculiar to Garrett and the FBI. Their mutual suspicion was that the very highest officials knew what this phenomenon was already (Swords, 1991).

The following pages are a portion of Colonel Garrett's Estimate Report. This is a rough draft of the report. The finalized version has not been located. Page 8 mentions "lack of topside inquiries, when compared to the prompt and demanding inquiries that have originated topside upon former events, give more than ordinary weight to the possibility that this is a domestic project, about which the President, etc. know." Page three text is known but the actual doc page is still being sought.

August, 1947; Media,  PA
Cat 11,  Boyce Case, (M)

Sometime in August, 1947; Danforth, IL
Labeled a hoax by Col. McCoy, this object found on Illinois farm was neither a crashed disc nor a portion of a Mogul balloon.

Aug. 4,  1947; NW of Bethel, Alaska (BBU)
Sunset. Pilot Capt. Jack Peck and copilot Vince Daly flying a DC-3 saw a smooth surfaced black object larger than a DC-3 with no visible means of propulsion cross their flight path at 500-1,000 ft height. They averted collision, then turned in pursuit at 170 mph but the object flew out of sight [to the NW at about 500 mph]. [Additional witness Johnston??] (FOIA; Project 1947; FUFOR Index)

Aug. 4,  Everett 1947; (or 10 miles NW of Boston), Mass. (BBU)
4 p.m. Pan Am airliner pilot Powell and navigator White saw a bright orange or deep-gold colored cigarette-shaped (or elliptical) object 15 ft long 2-3 ft wide flying at 150 (or 175) mph at 7,000 ft to the E at about 110° magnetic. (Project 1947; McDonald list; FOIA; FUFOR Index)

August 6, 1947; Myrtle Creek, Oregon
Approx. 6:15 pm. A pilot (whose name has been deleted from FBI files) was instructing a student in a take off. Just as the student was about to take off, the pilot noticed an object in the sky about 5,000 - 8,000 feet in the air. The sky was known to be completely clear and visibility for the pilot was excellent. He stated that the object "glistened" and appeared to be of "aluminium sheeting". As he noticed the strange object he immediately took over the controls, which at that time was at about 400 feet, and proceeded East in an attempt to continue to observe the object. The pilot advised that the object was climbing and travelling East at a high speed which he estimated as 1,000 miles per hour. He believed the object to be of a spherical shape and recalled a darker object to the right of it when he first saw it. No vapor trails or noise was observed from the object. After around 10 minutes of observing the object, the pilot made another landing and take off and in practically the same position at 400 feet both the pilot and the student observed the object just as they had seen it before. The pilot estimated the sphere to be about 30 feet in diameter and stated that the first time they saw the object, it was so close they could fly right into it. These sightings made were verified by the student, but the student estimated the sphere to be 50 feet in diameter. (FBI files, Lara Elliott)

Aug. 6, 1947; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Bt. 10:30 -10:45 PM. An unknown woman was sitting on the steps outside her home when she spotted a white object pass in the sky at a very high rate of speed. The woman was facing N and the object was said to be travelling S. There was a buzzing sound coming from the object, it was not a loud buzzing sound but it was definitely audible. The object left a trail of thin smoke of a greyish color. The woman was said to have been talking to another individual when their conversation was stopped abruptly as the woman noticed the object and the woman appeared frightened. Another party of people who were outside their home but facing E, also saw an object. They claimed that the object was emitting a bluish-white flame. This group of people also stated that the object was travelling NE to SW. The object was approximately 1000-3000ft in the air and travelling at speeds of around 400-500 mph. No smoke or trail was left by this object according to this party but there was a faint hissing sound. Thirdly, another man and his wife spotted an object which the man thought resembled a “giant firecracker”. This object was said to have passed quickly in a S direction with no noise. The witnesses claimed the object did, however, leave a fiery trail for about 100 ft. The conditions of this night were said to be clear. (Lara Elliott, FBI UFO Docs, PDF 4 of 16, Pg. 22-24, 45+46, newspaper article)

August 11, 1947; St. Louis, Missouri
The witness was  a veteran commercial pilot who later became an A&E mechanic with aviation inspection authorization. He was seeing some dark specks growing in the sky going South and North in vertical Vee formation with one on a point and the others stepped above and below in trail. The location of the sighting was the outskirts of St. Louis, during softball game.The objects were soon discerned as disc-shaped, nine in number, approaching at some 25,000 feet and doing about 1,000 mph in the cloudless, cobalt-blue heavens. At arm's length the discs appeared to be the size of grape. Dark on one side and light colored on the other, the objects flipped in unison every two seconds. Both teams and some 25 spectators watched with great interest. The ballplayers were an excellent collection of witnesses with one team consisting entirely of aircraft ground instructors and the other team made up of pilot and aircraft mechanic students. 230. (UFOs: A History 1947, Loren Gross)

August 12,1947; Seattle, Washington
2:20 PM. Mr Bruce Armstrong, along with a number of other engineers at Boeing Aircraft, spotted an object, said to have sounds like a fluttering leaf. The object was black or dark blue in color and was travelling at around 15 mph. No distance was determined between the object and Armstrong. (Lara Elliott, Newspaper article:, posted on the 13th August) in the Seattle Post Intelligencer titled “Blue Triangle Latest Thing Seen In Disks”; FBI UFO Docs, PDF 4 of 16, Page 6+7,48 [linked above]}

Approx. 9 a.m. A Mr. Sid Decker claims to have seen two very bright objects, travelling at extreme speed. These objects were sighted just outside the city post office. Decker describes the objects as having no wings, no tail, and that both ends were tapered. He also described the objects as looking like a "belly tank". The objects were said to have been completely noiseless and they were headed in a NE direction. Decker described one object to have been a bit behind and a little above the other object. The two objects were travelling at equal rates of speed for about 8 seconds after which they disappeared from sight. Mr. L. R. Brummett was the original witness of these two objects. He noticed the objects and informed Decker. Brummett described the objects to be flying at a 45 degree angle also in a NE direction. He claimed that they were travelling 3 times faster that a plane. He also described the objects to have no wings, no tail, to be tapered at both ends and to look like aluminium. (Lara Elliott, FBI UFO Docs, PDF 4 of 16, Page 29+30)

Aug. 13, 1947; 40 miles SW of Twin Falls [at Salman Dam]. Idaho (BBU)
9:30 a.m. County Commissioner L. W. Hawkins and Mr. Brown while fishing saw 2 disc-shaped objects 6 ft diameter reflecting light and making the echo of a motor, at 4,000-6,000 ft flying at high speed. (McDonald list; FOIA; FUFOR Index)

1:00  p.m. Snake River 6 miles W of Blue Lake Ranch, 9 miles NW of Twin Falls, Idaho.  A. C. Urie on land and 2 sons Billy and Keith 300 ft away in a boat, all on the S side of the river or river bank looking to the N, saw a squeezed or elongated straw-hat shaped sky-blue object about 10 x 10 x 20 feet, with pods on the side emitting flames, about 1/2 mile away fly towards them down the canyon at 1,000 mph E-W at 75 ft height, with a contour following motion up and down over uneven terrain, trees swaying underneath with a circular motion, disappearing with a swish sound. Urie was about 300 ft from the object which was about level with him about 75 ft above the river, and silhouetted against the canyon wall 1,200 ft away, disappearing behind a hill about 1 mile away. Object was at about 45° elevation to the boys on the river below him, disappearing behind trees. 5-secs? (Battelle Unknown No. 9)

Aug. 14, 1947; Harmon Field, Newfoundland, Canada (BBU)
10:40 a.m. 3 AAF airmen with the 147th AACS Sq. saw 2 small crescent-shaped objects pass over them on a zigzag path at 2x jet speed [1,200 mph?] heading W at about 1,200 ft disappearing into clouds, a few secs later a same or similar object emerged from the clouds and continued to the W. (FOIA)

Aug. 14, 1947; 5 miles S of Placerville, Calif. (BBU)
4 p.m. Insurance adjuster Switzer saw a metallic highly-polished chromium surface object 4-6 ft wide 10-14 inches thick, rounded slightly on top larger in the front, leaving a white trail, at 500-1,000 ft height traveling at high speed. (McDonald list; FOIA; FUFOR Index)

Aug. 14, 1947; Friuli, Italy
Time not given. Professor R. L. Johannis was on a rock-hunting expedition in the mountains in the extreme NW part of Italy. He emerged from a stand of trees & saw, on a rocky riverbank, a large red object that seemed to be shaped like a lens. The witness & the creatures approached one another, but when they were a few paces apart, they stopped. Witness felt paralyzed. Two creatures, about 3 feet tall, heads larger than normal human. No hair. Tight-fitting brown caps. Noses straight & long. Eyes large, protuberant, & round; yellow-green in color with a vertical pupil like a cat. Hands had 8 fingers & seemed to be opposed. Randle/Estes reliability rating: 6

August 19, 1947; Wtin Falls
Witnesses first spotted a single disc zooming in a NE direction followed a short time afterward by flight of 10 disclike objects in triangle formation. Within minutes a trio of discs, also in triangle formation, came into sight on the same course. Almost before witnesses could catch their breath, another triangle formation, this time consisting of 5-6 objects traced a path across the heavens going in an identical direction as their fellow sky travelers. On the heels of this manifestation, one of largest flights of UFOs ever reported soared overhead, 35-50 in number, lined up in triangle formation. This group also proceeded NE.  Within a half an hour small groups of discs came over the horizon at short intervals returning from the NE and fleeing in SW direction. (UFOs A History pg. 62 [243]).

Aug. 15-20 (approx.), 1947; Rapid City Air Base [Weaver?], South Dakota (BBU)
Major Hammer sitting in the parking lot near the flight line shortly after dark saw to the NW about 12 elliptical objects about the span of a B-29 (140 ft) with a yellow-white luminous glow in a tight diamond formation, approaching in a shallow descent, level off at about 5,000 ft altitude [height?] at 300-400 mph, make a gentle 110° turn to its right about 4 miles away climbing to the SW, accelerating rapidly. No sound or trail. 1 min? (FOIA; FUFOR Index)

August 15, 1947
America had succumbed impressively to the saucer story in few respects, according to the Gallup Poll of August 15, 1947, which found that public awareness of the aerial mystery had reached 90% leaving such famous newsmakers like the Marshall Plan and the Taft-Hartley labor bill far behind in the ratings, but when tested about the possible explanations to the riddle, prosaic answers claimed lion's share of the percentages. Most took liking to possible secret weapons, balloons, hoaxes, etc. Nothing was said about "alien visitors," not even measurable 1% toyed with the concept. 241. (UFOs A History 1947 pg 61)
Aug. 18, 1947; Near Mountain Home, Idaho (BBU)
12 p.m. United Airlines Flight 147 pilot and copilot saw 2 "skeet target" shaped objects flying under the plane. (Project 1947)

August 19, 1947:  FBI memo to D.W. Ladd from E.G. Fitch mentioning SAC Reynolds conversation with Lt. Col. George Garrett, re: "there were objects seen which somebody in the Government knows all about."

Aug. 19, 1947; Twin Falls, Idaho (BBU)
9:30 p.m. Housing Authority Executive Director Hedstrom saw 55 [?] [luminous?] objects in horizontal flight looking like electric lights headed NE at tremendous speed. (McDonald list; FOIA; FUFOR Index)

Aug. 28, 1947; Fukuoka, Japan
Time not given. MEW Radar Station. A target was picked up in orbit at a range of 26-30 nautical miles on a bearing of.20 to 30 degrees. Target then took a heading of 023 degrees and vvas tracked to a range of 54 nautical miles where it faded.The target was in a climb on this outbound course and the weather at the time was such that the climb would have to be made on instruments. Speed:  390-415 knots; altitude: 1500 feet. (Item "b" from SECRET letter, Fran Ridge, Jan Aldrich)

Late Aug. 1947?; Alamogordo [Holloman] Army Air Field, New Mexico.
AMC Watson Labs Project MOGUL engineer Rosmovski and communications officer Lt. H. G. Markley tracked a stationary target at 200 miles altitude using a modified CPS-4 radar aimed at 70° elevation. (FOIA; Loren Gross Aug-­Dec 1947 SUPP p. 28)

Late Aug. 1947; Alamogordo [Holloman] Army Air Field, New Mexico (BBU 83)
AMC Watson Labs Project MOGUL communications officer Lt. H. G. Markley while watching 2 balloons with radar reflector to the SE in 10x binoculars saw traveling at "unprecedented rate of speed" a round white object in horizontal light S to N several thousand feet over the tops of Sacramento Mtns. [Case falsely explained by AF as false radar targets when no radar observation was involved.] (FOIA; Mary Castner/CUFOS; Loren Gross Aug-Dec 1947 SUPP p. 28; July-Dec 1949 orig

Sept. 3, 1947; Lake Oswego, Oregon. (BBU 85)
12:15 p.m. (PDT). Housewife Mrs. Raymond Dupui saw 12-15 round, silver objects fly an unstated pattern for unknown length of time. (Berliner; FOIA)

Sept. 8, 1947; Logan [Salt Lake City?], Utah (BBU)
10:30 or 11 p.m Anderson and Hall saw 5 groups of a total of 12 [?] white or yellowish objects traveling at high speed to the N at 2,000­3,000 ft height, faster than birds, size of pigeons [?] (Battelle/BBSR14 ?; Mary Castner/CUFOS; FUFOR Index; FBI files, Lara Elliott)

Sept. 13, [11? 12?], 1947; Midway Island to Oahu, Hawaii, past Necker Island (BBU)
6:58 p.m. Pan Am airliner crew [military air flight?] saw a bright light with no blue or red tinge split in 2 move towards the plane then disappear [first heading 350° then 109° at 9,500­10,000 ft traveling at 1,000 knots or about 1,200 mph]. [Possible meteor?] (McDonald list; Project 1947; FOIA; FUFOR Index; Mary Castner/CUFOS)

Sept. 16, 1947; Fukuoka, Japan
Time not given. MEW radar station. A target was picked up at a range of 89 miles on a bearing of 040 degrees (Point C). Target was tracked on an incoming course to a range of 19 miles and a bearing of 045 degrees at which point it faded out. The nearest known operational U.S.S.R.  air bases are on the east coast of Korea at 39° 10' North Latitude and 127 degrees 29' East Longitude and Haeju on west coast of Korea at 38° 02' North Latitude and 125 degrees East Longtude. The range to these  oases from Fukuoka is 360 nautical miles. Genzan is classified as having permanent runways of 4500-6000 foot length, and was highly operational by the Japanese.  Haeju has one runway of approximtely 4000 foot length, probably surfaced. It is therefore reasonable, to assume that the U.S.S.R. is utilizing the facilities at these bases to the utmost,  since the location is strategically between Vladivostok to the north and the U.S. occupied areas of Korea to the south.  A recent report from the U.S. XXIV Corps, evaluated F-3, states "a new type aircraft on Haeju airstrip North Korea. "'This aircraft emitted black smoke on take-off, but was not identified as  jet propelled." Speed:  840 - 900 mph (730-780 knots); altitude: 10,000 - 20,000 feet. (Item "c." from SECRET AAF letter, Fran Ridge, Jan Aldrich.

Sept. 17, 1947; Ft. Richardson, Alaska (BBU)
Two Army officers saw a 2-3 ft silver sphere traveling S at tremendous speed below the 10,000 ft cloud cover.] (McDonald list; Mary Castner/CUFOS) [Now resolved as a mistake, a duplicate of the July 11, 1947, case].

Sept. 17, 1947; Rix Ledges north of Lebanon, New Hampshire
On this date, an unknown individual reportedly observed a flying saucer. This occurred as he/she was half way up Rix Ledges. The individual claims to have seen the flying saucer while watching the honey bees. The witness describes the saucer to be "as large as a tennis ball" and "as white as cotton batting".  The object approached rapidly and noiselessly from the East and was followed by another object closely. The second object appeared in the size and shape of a saucer and maintained a constant angle of inclination to the ball and followed it at a constant distance. The two objects made an angle of about 5 degrees to the individuals eye. The objects were in their sight for more than a minute until vision was lost in the glare of the sun. (FBI document)

Sept. 20, 1947; off the coast of San Diego, California
The Coast Guard were told that a flaming object had fallen into the sea off that coast, but no check of airports revealed any missing liner or plane, and the Observatory at Griffith Park did not think it was any sort of meteor. Further inquiry elicited the fact that the object maneuvered, and for some time. (Carl Feindt)

On September 23, 1947, the chief of the Air Technical Intelligence Center, one of the Air Force's most highly specialized intelligence units, sent a letter to the Commanding General of the then Army Air Forces. The letter was in answer to the Commanding General's verbal request to make a preliminary study of the reports of unidentified flying objects. The letter said that after a preliminary study of UFO reports, ATIC concluded that, to quote from the letter, "the reported phenomena were real." The letter strongly urged that a permanent project be established at ATIC to investigate and analyze future UFO reports. It requested a priority for the project, a registered code name, and an over-all security classification. ATIC's request was granted and Project Sign, the forerunner of Project Grudge and Project Blue Book, was launched. It was given a 2A priority, A being the highest priority an Air Force project could have. (Ruppelt)

An interesting 3-page SECRET letter from HQ AAF 26 Sept 1947 regarding three radar incidents lsted on this chrono..

Oct., 1947; Dodgeville, Wisc. (BBU 91)
11:00 p.m. A civilian observed a "saucer" moving slowly to the south at an altitude of about 2 miles. All at once the object in a sudden burst of speed (faster than a plane) circled from right to left in a huge circle. Observation lasted about one hour. (Berliner, Dan Wilson)

Oct. 8/9, 1947; Las Vegas, Nevada (BBU)
[AAF reserve Capt. Moore saw an object traveling at 700 mph leave an almost white smoke/vapor trail and change direction from SE to W.] (McDonald list; FOIA; FUFOR Index)

Oct. 12, 1947. Guadalupe, Mexico (BBU)
9:30 a.m. (CST). Numerous witnesses saw a cigar-shaped, blue and silver color fireball trailing blue flame heading E to W plunge to earth resembling an errant V-2 rocket and appearing to head for impact in the Zamalayuca Mtns. with a billow of smoke and loud explosion. Mexican Army reserve Capt. Aranda saw the fireball from the Hernandez Torres filling station near Caseta and saw it disappear over the sandhills near Colonia Reforma. No meteorites or other remains found in searches. (Sparks; Loren Gross, Jul-Dec 1947 p. 38; 1947 pp. 69-71; SUPP Aug-Dec 1947 pp. 44-45; Mary Castner/CUFOS; Saunders/FUFOR index)

Oct. 14 [12?], 1947; 11 miles NNE of Cave Creek, Ariz. (BBU 95)
12 noon (MDT). Ex-AAF fighter pilot J. L. Clark, civilian pilot Anderson, third man saw 3-foot "flying wing," black against the white clouds and red against the blue sky, flying straight at an estimated 380 m.p.h., at 8,000-10,000 ft, from NW to SE. 45-60 secs. (Berliner)

Oct. 20, 1947; Xenia, Ohio (BBU)
11 a.m. Atkinson saw a round 1 ft object at 1,500 ft heading SW on a straight course. (McDonald list; FOIA; Mary Castner/CUFOS)

Oct. 20, 1947; Dayton, Ohio (BBU)
1:20 p.m. Farmer Britton saw 2 cigar-shaped objects reflecting brilliant sunlight traveling W to E on a straight course at high speed about 1 mile height in trail formation about a city block apart emitting a slight vapor trail, disappearing suddenly. (McDonald list; FOIA; Mary Castner/CUFOS)

Nov. 2, 1947; Houston, Texas (BBU)
Daybreak. Immigration Service [agent?] Brimberry saw an almost round or oval or saucer-shaped object with bright light [?] about 100 ft [?] diameter spinning in its descent. (McDonald list; FOIA; FUFOR Index)

Nov. 3 (or 4), 1947; Vaughn (near), New Mexico
Approx 8:00 pm. Basketball-Sized object explodes near colonel.

Nov. 5, 1947; Persian Gulf
Crewmen aboard the oil tanker Chipola were said to have sighted eight saucer-shaped objects whizzing through the air a mere half mile away while the vessel made its way through the warm waters off Arabia. As the sailors watched, the objects in question climbed out of sight gaining height while in an echelon formation. (UFOs A History 1947; 284. 75)

Nov. 12, 1947; 40 miles N [S?] of Cape Blanco, Oregon, 20 miles off coast (BBU)
Early morning. USS Ticonderoga USN 2nd Officer Williamson saw 2 balls of fire with a fiery trail headed NW at 700-900 mph. [Probable meteors.] (McDonald list; FOIA; FUFOR Index)

Nov. 15, 1947; Wichita, Kansas (BBU 2224)
7:02 a.m. USAF Maj. R. L. Wallander, Capt. Belleman, A/3c Phipps saw an orange object (a blue streak?) varied in shape, as it made jerky upward sweeps with 10-15 sec pauses. 3-5 mins. (Berliner)

Nov. 15, 1947; Wichita, Texas (BBU)
8:25 p.m. USAF B­47 crew and passengers saw an elliptical blue-white object with orange or red tail, moving erratically. (BB Status Rpt?) [Same case as above??]

Dec. 8, 1947; Las Vegas, Nevada
Moving reddish UFO emitted flash of light, shot upwards out of sight. [XII]   

Dec. 30, 1947; 1 mile W of Pilot Hill, Calif. (BBU)
7:25 p.m. (PST).  Crew of McClellan Field C-47 saw a high speed low altitude object trailing red, green and other colored flames headed E over hills.  At 7:37 another C-47 crew sent to investigate found the triangular fire area with 2 points emitting bright blue-green flames at the position reported by the first crew.  At 7:58 the first C-47 crew found this growing ground fire about 7 miles E of Pilot Hill, going out at 9:55 p.m.  If flight path data was reversed to E to W this might be the "Green Dragon" Fireball, a possible precursor to the Green Fireballs.  (Sparks;  Jan Aldrich FOIA;  BB files)

Dec. 30, 1947; Sawtooth Nat. Forest, Idaho (BBU)
7:26 p.m. (PST).  Pilot AF Lt. Col. W. W. Jones, and copilot Major A. A. Andrae, both of the Air Transport Command (Eastern Pacific Wing, Pacific Division) flying a C-54 from Great Falls to Fairfield-Suisun Field at 13,000 ft saw a high speed object trailing green and blue flames descending vertically at their 2:30 o'clock position, but slowing just above the ground.  Possibly the "Green Dragon" Fireball, a possible precursor to the Green Fireballs.  (Sparks;  Jan Aldrich FOIA;  BB files) 2 secs

1. Report on the UFO Wave of 1947, Ted Bloecher

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