UFO Intelligence Summary
Date: Sunday, 15 March 2015
From: francis ridge <email@example.com>
Subject: Seven MADAR Events in 1977: 09 thru 15
Distribution: MADAR, CE, A-Team
1977 was not a flap year for UFOs. When MADAR was picking up anomalies during that summer, it was somewhat disappointing. The scientific-oriented hopes had always been to detect a UFO, have somebody phone in a local report (or somebody on station actually see and photograph a UFO): a correlation. Up until the time of this writing there had been no comparative study of the events of 1977. When the MADAR events occurred, there was literally nothing to do but wait until more information was forthcoming since a sighting a database wasn't available. This report is not to be confused with the NCP-19 paper (Ref. 1) concerning the main incident, MADAR-15, a comprehensive study in its own right. This intelligence summary concerns ALL of the regional events of 1977, in particular MADAR events 09-15, and deals with MADAR region sightings only. However, the evidence suggests that something was going on in other parts of the world worth mentioning.
At 3:00 a.m. on July 1, 1977, at Aviano, Italy, electronic alarms suddenly sounded at a NATO base and then home to the 40th Tactical Group. Something had set off the magnetic and motion detectors in the high hurricane type fence protecting the Victor Alert compound, a facility that housed fighter aircraft, their crews, maintenance and support personnel. Simultaneously a power outage occurred at the Victor Alert facility, and though a back-up system immediately kicked in, minor power fluxes went on for the next 15 to 20 minutes. Soon security personnel were reporting a strange light display off to the northwest, off base, perhaps 200 meters beyond the fence line over a soybean field. A luminous round object with dome hovered above a the base security zone, spinning, changing color, emitting a sound like swarm of bees. (Ref. 2)
On Oct. 7, 1977, nine disc-shaped UFOs circled a Soviet Navy submarine tender. The radio, electronics, and on-board communications were all disrupted. (Ref. 3)July 10, 1977 - MADAR Event #9
It simply has to be noted that on Nov. 16, 1977, "Close Encounters of the Third Kind" was released at theaters. I attended the premier of this motion picture with the news media. This movie cannot be blamed for the events of 1977, however, since the actions of the people of Earth are being scrutinized at many levels, it seems highly possible that all these things may have been part of an attempt at communication. If not, all this is uncannily coincidental.
Sometime in December, near Novy Georgy Island, in Russian territorial waters the crew of the fishing trawler Vasily Kiselev observed something quite extraordinary. Rising vertically from under the water was a doughnut-shaped object. Its diameter was between 300 and 500 meters. It hovered at the altitude of four to five kilometers. The trawler's radar station was immediately rendered inoperative. The object hovered over the area for three hours, and then disappeared instantly. (Ref.4)"Close Encounters of the Third Kind" was released (Ref 6) AFTER all of this, so the motion picture cannot be blamed for the events of 1977. But its temporal position within that year in conjunction with the WOW! Signal may have some significance. There are those of us who believe that all our actions are being monitored, even plans, as this movie was in the making since late 1973. Filming actually began in 1976.
Nov. 16, 1977 - Close Encounters of the Third Kind released.
Those were just a few of the incidents that occurred in the world, before and after the MADAR events, in 1977. With these in mind we now look at what happened in the U. S. midwest that year.
SEVEN MADAR EVENTS IN 1977
On July 10th at 1:04 AM, the siren shattered the early morning silence. I jumped out of bed and headed for the control room downstairs where the equipment was set up, and turned off the audio alarm switch. While the rest of the county slept, MADAR was recording a 17-pulse disturbance in the local magnetic field. The anomaly lasted 55 seconds. This was the longest disturbance on record at the station at that time and the fluctuations were the most erratic recorded so far by MADAR's event recorder. Background radiation was a normal 16 counts per minute. I had looked outside to see if there was anything in sight, in all directions, but there was nothing unusual, at least near the facility. MADAR was still recording at that time. About an hour later when the tapes ran out I was confident that the event had ended and I reset the sensor, extracted the data tapes from the recorders, labeled them and replaced them with new ones. There were no incoming calls to the UFO Filter Center hotline. I contacted the police department and spoke with Officer Kermit Steele. He hadn't heard anything, either. I then went back to bed.
For days I pondered over what had happened, a little dismayed that I couldn't get what I'd hoped for, for years: a more positive correlation between detections and local sightings. This would be a documented cause-and-effect relationship, more proof that UFOs couldn't all be IFOs, and I would also have the "early warning system". I wanted to be able to grab a camera and run with it, getting a picture to go with the other data. Or, have an independent witness calling in a UFO that was observed at the same time MADAR was picking up an anomaly.
MADAR Event # 10
Two days later it happened again. On July 12th, at 1:48 AM, I jumped out of bed with greater expectations. When it was all over I went over the tapes. On the sensor data tape there was no reading of the pulse. The first pulse (I call this the "phantom pulse") is the one that turns on the system, therefore it is not recorded. However, the "pulse" is not actually a quick & short disturbance. When the needle is pulled from north it may take many seconds to minutes to return to normal, indicating the disturbance is not a random or sudden event. This was a one-pulse disturbance, however, with no slow "return", indicating the cause was at the limit of the sensor's range. The variometer must have moved just enough to allow enough light to strike the photo cell, then back to normal. The background radiation reading was 18 cpm, still normal for the area. No calls. No visual sightings from our facility. The police department was alerted, but had heard nothing from callers or cruisers.
MADAR Event #11
A little over two hours later, at 4:35 AM, I was awakened again by the siren, indicating another anomaly was occurring. Two hours and 47 minutes had elapsed and MADAR had recorded another event. This time it was a 5-pulse, 53-second disturbance. Radiation was a normal 16 cpm. I did everything I had trained myself to do in such an event, then once again stumbled back to bed. It wasn't over. And I don't know why, but this time I didn't record the time. I should have, because sometime within an hour, the facility's smoke alarm started beeping. Not screaming, but beeping. There was no smoke or noticeable fumes. The beeping signal indicated that the smoke alarm was not getting enough power, indicating the batteries were low. Later, the batteries were checked and in perfect order and not replaced until six months later! Something had caused the voltage to drop for a very short time. Whatever had caused it was an anomaly in itself, because there was nothing wrong with the unit or the batteries.
MADAR Event #12
Three days later, on July 15th, this time at 10:06 PM, MADAR logged another event. This was a 4-pulse, 4-second disturbance, radiation 13 cpm. Again, it seemed as if it was all a waste of time. There were no UFO reports.
Later, when a database was constructed, something interesting turned up in the region.
Right across the Ohio River from Cincinnati, Ohio is a little town in Kentucky, called Bellevue. At 10:45 PM that evening, Mrs. Fern Frey (name changed) was lying in bed with her 11-year-old daughter who was asleep. She was shocked to see her bed light up with a bright green glow. Thinking her home was being burglarized, Mrs. Frey jumped out of bed. (There was a lot of this "jumping out bed" this summer). The glow was coming through one of the two windows in the bedroom. She cautiously peeked through the curtain and watched in bewilderment as the green light retreated, "just like a liquid being drawn up through a straw." In a matter of seconds the light was "siphoned" up into a low hovering object that was shaped like an inverted saucer a couple of hundred feet away. She guessed it was about 30' in diameter and was metallic. The moon's glow reflected on it and she could determine that its visible surface was clearly divided into equal-sized squares. The bottom was in darkness, appearing flat, and it was into this section that the recoiling beam of light was drawn. The object then gracefully lifted and disappeared into a wooded area.
A few days later, on a routine visit to the Mt. Vernon Police Department as part of my local PR work, the dispatcher, Officer Kermit Steele, had advised me that they had picked up transmissions on the police radio from two locations. This had happened RIGHT AFTER I had called him on the 12th! At approximately 2:l0 AM, citizens had been reporting UFOs to police at Mt. Vernon, Illinois, 60 miles to the northwest of us! Also, reports were coming in from Mayfield, Kentucky, 85 miles to the southwest! Finally, I had a correlation! Not a local one, but too much to be a coincidence.
That evening a report came in over the KNI Net (police scanner frequency). Somebody had phoned in a report to the Kentucky State Police at Hancock County. They thought they had seen an aircraft "going down". I immediately contacted the Control Tower at Dress-Regional Airport. No aircraft was ever reported missing or crashed. This was either a meteor or, a UFO. We'll never know. But things were starting to look very odd. Coincidences were getting less likely.
MADAR Event #13
This was now July 26th. This was in the wee hours again, at 2:20 AM, a one-pulse disturbance, with radiation a normal 16 cpm. I was now getting enough sleep. The events were getting farther apart.
On July 31st, Normal, Illinois, had a daylight sighting of interest. At 6:30 PM, a university art professor called his wife and secretary to see the silver "stretched cigar", three times the size of the moon in length. It was observed for three minutes as it flew in a slow straight path from southwest to northeast, with no trail, no wings, no details, no sounds. The apparent size and duration should impress even an ardent skeptic. Good UFO reports were coming in and MADAR was working. We just needed a local correlation by a credible observer.
MADAR Event #14
August 1st at 10:11 PM. It was a 4-pulse, 4-second disturbance with a 16 cpm reading. It was starting to get boring again.
Then the big one. But we didn't know just HOW big until 2010! The implications of MADAR 15 are still reverberating.
MADAR Event #15
The final one for the year, was logged on August 15th at l0:14 PM. It was an 18-pulse, 3-minute and 29-second disturbance. MADAR had logged the best and longest APD so far. And the background radiation reading was 30 cpm, a 100% increase! For the record, this was a significant reading!
All that we lacked was what we were looking for, a good UFO report. MADAR had recorded seven events in a little over a month. Something was going on. This included UFOs reported to law enforcement officers within 60-85 miles, an E-M effect on a smoke alarm, and a significant background radiation reading. But this meager evidence wasn't going to turn any heads. Until 2010, that is, or now.
The amazing discovery in 2010 of the correlation with the WOW! Signal being recorded by SETI scientists, 310 miles away in Ohio is a story in itself. As mentioned earlier, NCP-19 is a comprehensive report on that incident. But this paper deals with all 7 MADAR incidents.
Form 146M printout for MADAR 15
Updated MADAR Graph: 1977
In 2015 the events of the MADAR region for 1977 were extracted from the updated 1977 UFO Chronology here at Mt. Vernon, Indiana. Theses events, which include the ones on the graph above, are now listed in chronological order below.
Jan. 26, 1977; Anchorage, Kentucky
Dogs barked while object was present. (Woodward)
Jan. 27, 1977; Prospect, Kentucky
1:05 AM. A teenager spotted a rectangular, orange-red object coming down to near his jeep. His jeep's radio failed 15 seconds into the sighting. He felt compelled to watch the object, which stayed in the vicinity only a short time. Later under hypnosis, however, he related being taken inside the object and examined by three strange creatures who were shaped like machines. The electrical system on his jeep went haywire the day after the sighting. (Source: Mark Rodeghier, UFO Reports Involving Vehicle Interference, case 406, citing CUFOS; IUR,2,4)
Jan. 27, 1977; Clarksville, Tennessee
Evening. Humanoid report. Concerned businessman while driving through Clarksville had a bizarre experience. (MUJ-110)
Feb. 2, 1977; Pineville, Missouri
CE-II, one witness (EGBA,577)
Feb. 2, 1977; Louisville, Kentucky
Close encounter (CE-II) one witness. (EGBA, 510)
Spring, 1977; Lumberton, OH
Alleged skirmish between U.S. military forces and a landed (or disabled) alien craft. (Case B-13 in Status Report II, Leonard Stringfield; SYMPAP, 1978,77)
March 5, 1977; McNatt, MO
11:00 PM. Lonnie Stites and his wife, Deborah, were driving their pickup truck around a bend in the road when "the whole area lit up like a football field light was turned on, and a very bright light was shined on our windshield." He saw a man of normal height or slightly smaller stature standing alongside the road. He was human looking, but dressed in green coveralls with square glasses and a tight green cap over his ears. He was "waving us down." Up on the hill was another figure carrying what appeared to be "a ball of electricity about the size of a basketball." The second figure was walking away from an object that looked like a water tank, about 10 feet across and 10 to 15 feet tall, with red lights going around it. The UFO was about 50-60 feet from them. Mrs Stites said that she saw two people on the hillside carrying "basketball sized lights," and that the UFO at one point flew over the truck. They turned the truck around and drove away in great fear. (Source: David F. Webb & Ted Bloecher, HUMCAT: catalog of Humanoid Reports, case 1977-11, citing Monte Blue Skelton & Bob Pratt).
March 6, 1977: Evansville, IN
5:55 PM. Four witnesses, 5-mins. Two objects, three minutes apart. First one big enough to hold an 18-wheeler. (Ridge files)
March 10, 1977; Indianapolis, IN
4:00 PM. Hoax photo. (APRO Bulletin)
March 23, 1977; Farmland, IN
5:40 AM. Snowy morning. Blue lights were ahead which lady thought was a snow plow. One blinking light of unknown shape flew across in; front of her then suddenly 6 to 12 blue lights took up position 2 to 3 feet in front of her slowly traveling car. The car was illuminated with a blue light and static came on radio. When the lights dived a red light came on as if breaking. The small lights all flew off together and out of sight over a field. Next day at spot in road her car radio went dead. (Worley files)
April 5, 1977: Deerfield, IL
2:17 PM. 1-1.5 mins. Pilot driving on I-94 northbound on a cold, cloudy day (overcast at 5,000') saw object coming toward him (southbound) first in distance then directly above him later on. Described as a silver mushroom three times the apparent size of the moon, moved silently toward Chicago against the wind. (IUR,2,5)
April 12, 1977; Henschen, Indiana
At 11 p.m. a couple were driving to their trailer home and had to make a stop to change their baby's diaper. As the husband looked for a diaper in the car he glanced out a window and saw a twelve foot tall hairy creature with fierce glowing red eyes. The creature uttered some guttural sounds and made an apparent aggressive move towards the car. They drove off quickly, but the creature chased their vehicle as they attempted to flee. It pounded angrily on their car and dented it, flinging its arms up and down. The following night the couple saw a similar creature perched near a tree that was overlooking their mobile home. The creature took several steps towards the house and was shot at by the husband several times, at which point it seemed to jump up and disappeared in plain sight. (Source: Albert S. Rosales, Humanoid Contact Database 1977, case # 1710, citing Jim Barnett, UFOs and Alien Encounters # 1; Don Johnson).
April 12, 1977; Rising Sun, Indiana
Humanoid report. No details. (EGBA,680) [Probably the same as Henschen, Indiana case]
April 29, 1977; Oxford, Ohio
A car being driven by a 47-year-old woman and accompanied by another female passenger was paced by a white glowing object for three minutes. The description of the shape differed, but one of the women described it as a disc-shaped object. The incident occurred near a Nike missile base. (Source: Allan Hendry, International UFO Reporter, June 1977, p. 3).
May 8, 1977; Joliet, IL
2:00 PM. Adult couple driving westbound watched as a silver "straw hat" the size of the moon rush eastbound over I-80 (and their car) making no noise. Object, which was in view 30-seconds, was flying against the wind. (IUR,2,6)
May 8, 1977; Joliet, IL
2:30 PM. Adult couple experienced object like a silver sphere with "Saturn ring" or halo around it, heading eastbound. 30-secs. (IUR,2,6)
Night? The sole witness....spotted an "entity" lying on the ground apparently in trouble. Emerging from the nearby alley were three more similar entities, who proceeded to retrieve their companion and retreat back into the alley from whence they came. All through the experience, an "abnormal" silence enveloped the area, no one else, nor no traffic was present... (See details at link. Submitted by Mike Swords. Sources: Ted Bloecher: 1978 MUFON Symposium Proceedings; and Bloecher to Robert Runser [letter], August 10, 1978).
July of 1977: Connersville, IN *
Evening. Three young boys, Todd being 12-years old, were playing on the-playground north of Maplewood School. Low in the sky off to the east they noticed three lights which they thought were some type of military aircraft. But as the lights approached, not changing position, they couldn't see any stars between them. The other two boys fled, but Todd was entranced as this now massive triangle-shaped thing came in over the trees in the east and moved overhead at, what he thought, was about 150'. There was a low-toned hum as it moved at about 25-30 mph. Each side of the triangle looked about 300' wide, as it passed over Todd fell backward and laid on the grass looking up at it. It continued moving west, then all of a sudden disappeared. The craft was in view about 5 minutes. The report was filed in 1992 and Todd was unsure where the other two boys were. It had been a long time. A Form 5 for Psychological/Physiological cases was filed because Todd had reported that his eardrums, as well as other organs, vibrated during the incident. (Worley files)
July 10, 1977; MADAR Event #9; 1:05 AM
July 12, 1977; MADAR Event # 10; 1:48 AM
July 12, 1977; Mt. Vernon, IL
2:10 AM. Our local police dispatcher reported to the UFO Filter Center at Mt. Vernon, INDIANA, that multiple witnesses were reporting unusual lights to police at Mt. Vernon, ILLINOIS, which is 60 miles to the NW. (UFOFC, Ridge files)
July 12, 1977; Mayfield, KY
2:10 AM. Police radios were reporting unusual lights being observed at Mayfield, KENTUCKY, which is 85 miles SW of the UFOFC at Mt. Vernon, INDIANA. (UFO Filter Center, Ridge files)
July 12, 1977; MADAR Event #11; 4:34 AM
Dog started barking at 3:00 AM. This barking was unusual, described as a "scared" bark. (Woodward)
July 15, 1977; MADAR Event #12; 10:06 PM
10:45 PM. Mrs. Fern Frey (name changed) was lying in bed with her 11-year-old daughter who was asleep. She was shocked to see her bed light up with a bright green glow. Thinking her home was being burglarized, Mrs. Frey jumped out of bed. (There was a lot of this "jumping out bed" this summer). The glow was coming through one of the two windows in the bedroom. She cautiously peeked through the curtain and watched in bewilderment as the green light retreated, "just like a liquid being drawn up through a straw." In a matter of seconds the light was "siphoned" up into a low hovering object that was shaped like an inverted saucer a couple of hundred feet away. She guessed it was about 30' in diameter and was metallic. The moon's glow reflected on it and she could determine that its visible surface was clearly divided into equal-sized squares. The bottom was in darkness, appearing flat, and it was into this section that the recoiling beam of light was drawn. The object then gracefully lifted and disappeared into a wooded area. (MUJ-122,9)
July 24, 1977: Henderson, Kentucky
8:40 PM. Report not phoned in to UFO Filter Center but came over police scanner (KNI Net) at UFOFC. Report of an "aircraft going down" prompted law enforcement officials to look for a crash. None found. (UFOFC, Ridge files)
July 26, 1977; MADAR Event #13; 2:20 AM
Aug. 1, 1977; MADAR Event #14; 10:11 PM
July 31, 1977; Normal, Illinois ***
6:30 PM. University professor called wife and secretary to see a silver "stretched cigar" three times (apparent) diameter in length. Object flew in slow straight path from 30-degrees in SW to 30-degrees in NE and was lost in the trees. (IUR,2,9)
Aug. 1977; Berlin Heights, Ohio
CE-2. No details other than 1-witness last name Elmer. (EGBA,688)
Aug. 10, 1977: Madison County, Indiana
Humanoid report. No details. (EGBA,676)
Aug. 15, 1977; MADAR Event #15 and the famous "WOW Signal"; 10:14 PM (11:14 PM Ohio)
Aug. 27, 1977: Aurora, Missouri
Humanoid report. No details. (EGBA,560)
3:20 AM. The engineer by the name of Howard was sitting in his locomotive cab......(object) was approximately 16 feet off the ground and stopped on the other side of the tracks between 4 and 5 five box car lengths away - 180 to 270 feet......object was "birthday cake" or disk shaped, about 90 feet in diameter and 45 feet high. (Click link for detailed report). (MORA)
Oct. 1977; Lima, OH
Evening. CE-1, three witnesses, saucer hovered, paced car. (CIQ,24)
Oct. 3, 1977; Flemingsburg, KY
Daytime. Daylight disc, one witness. (EGBA,506)
Oct. 7, 1977; Soviet Navy submarine tender ****
Nine disc-shaped UFOs circled a Soviet Navy submarine tender on this day. The radio, electronics, and on-board communications were all disrupted. (Source: Jacques Vallee, UFO Chronicles of the Soviet Union: A cosmic Samizdat, p. 29).
Oct. 13, 1977; Champaign, IL
3:55 PM. Retired police officer, ex-pilot, watched, along with other young men, a "star" in clear daylight rush from SSE to NNE, passing E of overhead in straight path w/o sound or trail. Estimated at mach 1 it slowed down and "stopped" for the last 10-15 seconds and vanished. (IUR NF, 10/31/77)
Oct. 14, 19; Toledo, OH
Daytime. daylight disc. (EGBA,721)
Nov. 13, 1977; Columbia, KY
Daylight disc. (EGBA,504)
Nov. 16, 1977 - Close Encounters of the Third Kind was released. *****
Nov. 18, 1977; Troy, MO
Light aircraft paced for three minutes, E-M.
Dec. 1977; Fort Mitchell, KY
1:10 AM. CE-1 (50-100' distant) with egg-shaped object, two witnesses. (MUJ-122,9)
Dec. 1977; Danville, KY
CE-2, landing, two women reluctant to talk. (MUJ-122)
Dec. 1977; near Novy Georgy Island
The crew of the fishing trawler Vasily Kiselev also observed something quite extraordinary. Rising vertically from under the water was a doughnut-shaped object. Its diameter was between 300 and 500 meters. It hovered at the altitude of four to five kilometers. The trawler's radar station was immediately rendered inoperative. The object hovered over the area for three hours, and then disappeared instantly. (Reference: UFOs in Soviet Waters, by Paul Stone Hill)
Dec. 12, 1977; Tennessee
2:25 PM. Two witnesses on flight at 37,000', range unknown, three UFOs, 4-mins 45 sec. (Haines printout)
Dec. 15, 1977; New Albany, Indiana
Witness, his friend & his younger brother were walking through a field which is part of St Mary's Cemetery. His friend spotted the flat black disc, no lights, spinning with a slight wobble, no sound.,2-mins (NUFORC)
Dec. 21, 1977; Fort Mitchell, KY
1:00 AM+. A green glow was first seen by a married couple. This was followed by the sighting of a 12-foot-long ovoid UFO moving at a low altitude, at an estimated distance of only 75 feet. The UFO ascended slowly, then show away fast into the nearby woods. That same night there were several reports of mystery booms being heard in Burlington, Atlantic, and Bergen Counties in New Jersey. (Sources: Leonard Stringfield, MUFON UFO Journal, January 1978, p. 9; Francis Ridge, Regional Encounters, p. 63; George Eberhart, A Geo-Bibliography of Anomalies, pp. 808, 811, and 820, citing the US Naval Research Laboratory).
This intelligence summary is subject to update.
Although this report was created to study the possibility of UFO incidents and MADAR detections in the midwest, some effort was made to see if there might have been any national or world correlations of note.
In 2003 when I instigated the Nuclear Connection Project one of my staff members, Larry Hatch, provided a list of 193 sightings in or about nuclear sites and related places. These are 3-data-lines each, with a one line ( 78 character ) capsule summary of events, plus coordinates, date , time and other fields. As part of the NICAP casework we processed many of these into our system.
1. Upon checking our NICAP files no case dated 1977 was listed among processed files.
2. The NCP file list has been in place since the project began but the NICAP work has updated the cases and the URLs have been changed. No incidents for 1977 were found. Here is the original chronological list of cases. Please excuse the bad (outdated) links.
3. Extracted from the Hatch Database are the 1977 case printout data only.
#11471: 1977/3/8 19:30 10 76:28:20W 39:46:0N 3333 NAM USA PNS 7 10
GATCHELVILLE,PA:2+2+2+2+2+1 OBS:RED FBL MNVRS AGAINST WIND:LANDING HOLES:BURNT
Ref# 161 HENDRY,Allan: The UFO HANDBOOK 1979: Page No. 120 OIL & COAL
#11738: 1977/10/15 17:30 1 84:15:0W 43:33:0N 3333 NAM USA MCH 10 7
S/MIDLAND,MI:2/CAR:170cm PSH JUMPS ROAD/2 LRG LEAPS:KNEES DONT FLEX:NUCL FCLTY
Ref# 160 MUFON UFO JOURNAL (by issue no.) Issue No. 139 ROAD+RAILS
#11782: 1977/11/16 21:0 60 103:40:0W 44:33:0N 3333 NAM USA SDK 10 5
MSITE L-9,SD:FOIA:2 FIGs MELT RIFLE:BOARD 20'SCR+FLY:NUCL.PART/WARHEAD MISSING
Ref# 96 WEBSITE or UFO-BBS. Press Ctrl-R Site # 110 MIL. BASE
This one was a hoax. This web page presents the case as reported. Following the report synopsis is an email discussion of 26 February 2001, which presents evidence supporting the hoax claims. http://www.nicap.org/h771116.htm
4. Manned Space Flights - The Shuttle Emerges
Although the first official manned flight did not occur until 1981, surprisingly it all started that very year where five (5) test flights were conducted in 1977. The first free flight test was on August 12th. Considering the fact that we are being observed, preparations for these tests probably would have been of interest before and during these tests.
5. Nuclear Tests
The Catalog of Known & Putative Nuclear Explosions From Unclassified Sources
lists the following nuclear tests for the year 1977:
770216 175300.2 OARLOCK 318 NTS03 LLNL 770216 175300.0 USNTSYSS1 <20 WR OARLOCK E 770216 175300.0 COVE 335 NTS03 LLNL 770216 175300.0 USNTSYSS2 <20 WR COVE E 770219 232958.9 FRMUR SHFT 5.0 5 21.834S 138.846W WR N 770308 142400.0 DOFINO 183 NTS10 LLNL 770308 142400.0 USNTSYSS1 <20 WR DOFINO E 770308 142400.0 DOFINO-LAWTON 282 NTS10 LLNL 770308 142400.0 USNTSYSS1 <20 WR DOFINO-LE 770319 230058.4 FRMUR SHFT 5.9 45 21.891S 138.913W WR N 770329 035657.5 CPKTS UNDG 5.4 14 49.970N 078.086E N 770402 233000 FR 0-5 OEDIPE Z 770405 150000.2 USNTS SHFT 5.6 20-150 37.12N 116.06W WR MARSILLYE 770425 040657.7 CPKTS UNDG 5.0 6.6 49.813N 078.150E N 770427 150000.1 USNTS SHFT 5.1 20-150 37.09N 116.03W WR BULKHEADE 770525 170000.3 USNTS SHFT 5.3 20-150 37.09N 116.04W WR CREWLINEE 770529 025657.5 CPKTS UNDG 5.7 32 49.937N 078.770E N 770602 USNTS SHFT <20 WR FOREFOOTE 770629 030657.7 CPKTS UNDG 5.2 9.6 50.006N 078.869E N 770706 225958.5 FRMUR SHFT 4.9 25 21.780S 138.954W WR N 770726 165957.7 CP UNDG 5.0 10 69.540N 090.510E N 770728 USNTS SHFT <20 WR CARNELIAE 770730 015657.7 CPKTS UNDG 5.0 7.1 49.759N 078.097E N 770804 164000.1 USNTS SHFT 5.0 20-150 37.09N 116.01W WR STRAKE E 770810 220002.0 CP UNDG 5.0 10 50.950N 110.780E N 770816 134100.0 GRUYERE-GRADINO 207 NTS09 LLNL 770816 134100.0 USNTSYSS1 <20 WR GRUYERE-E 770816 134100.0 GRUYERE 320 NTS09 LLNL 770816 134100.0 USNTSYSS1 <20 WR GRUYERE E 770816 USNTS SHFT <20 WR FLOTOST E 770816 154900.2 USNTSYSH? 4.0 37.2N 116.1W ** N 770817 042657.5 CPKTS UNDG 4.9 5.6 49.825N 078.170E N 770819 USNTS SHFT <20 WR SCUPPER E 770819 175500.1 USNTS SHFT 5.5 20-150 37.11N 116.05W WR SCANTLINE 770820 215958.3 CP UNDG 5.0 10 64.130N 099.620E N 770901 025957.7 CPNZ UNDG 5.7 55 73.370N 054.410E N 770905 030257.3 CPKTS UNDG 5.7 37 50.035N 078.921E N 770910 160003.3 CP UNDG 4.8 6.6 57.290N 106.230E N 770915 143630.1 USNTS SHFT 4.5 <20 37.0N 116.0W WR EBBTIDE E 770917 070000.0 PCLNR ATMO <20 N 770927 140000.2 USNTS SHFT 4.8 20-150 37.1N 116.1W WR COULOMMIE 770930 065955.9 CP UNDG 5.0 5.4 47.850N 048.130E N 771009 105958.8 CPNZ UNDG 4.6 4.1 73.470N 053.980E N 771026 141500.1 USNTS SHFT 4.5 <20 37.1N 116.0W WR BOBSTAY E 771029 030657.5 CPKTS UNDG 5.6 23 49.833N 078.131E N 771029 030702.4 CPKTS UNDG 5.5 20 50.069N 078.975E N 771101 180600.1 USNTS SHFT 4.7 <20 37.19N 116.21W WR HYBLAGOLE 771109 220000.1 USNTS SHFT 5.7 20-150 37.07N 116.05W WR SANDREEFE 771112 013000.0 FRMUR SHFT 5.2 15 22S 139W WR N 771117 193000.1 USNTS SHFT 4.7 <20 37.02N 116.02W WR SEAMOUNTE 771124 165958.4 FRMUR SHFT 5.8 55 21.896S 138.884W WR NESTOR N 771130 040657.3 CPKTS UNDG 5.8 47 49.958N 078.885E N 771214 USNTS SHFT <20 WR RIB E 771214 153000.2 USNTS SHFT 5.7 20-150 37.13N 116.09W WR FARALLONE 771217 220000.0 FRMUR SHFT 5.1 10 22S 139W WR N 771226 040257.8 CPKTS UNDG 4.8 4.3 49.953N 078.115E N
6. Brazil "Flap"
1977 didn't stand out as a wave or flap year here in the United States, but apparently there was a UFO flap of sorts in Brazil.http://www.nicap.org/07-ENTCAT/1977_ufocasebook.com_brazil_ufoflap.pdf
* The Colares flap refers to an outbreak of UFO sightings that occurred in 1977 on the Brazilian island of Colares. During the outbreak, the UFOs allegedly attacked the citizens with intense beams of radiation that left burn marks and puncture wounds. These sightings led to the Brazilian government dispatching a team to investigate under the codename Operation Saucer the government later recalled the team and classified the files until the late 1990s.
* Main article: Operation Prato
The first operation of the Brazilian Air Force created only to investigate UFO-related issues. This operation was started shortly after the Colares UFO flap.
Although the purpose of this paper is to report or list what happened in regard to MADAR, UAP, and other events in search of a correlation, the fact that 1977 wasn't a "flap" year in the U.S. cannot be denied. However, there was considerable activity of a highly strange nature that wasn't taken into account in 1977 that came to the fore later as data became available. Thirty years later when the WOW! Signal connection was discovered and the major motion picture about ET, "Close Encounters of the Third Kind" was noted, 1977 began looking much more differently than it had originally. The events in Brazil painted a very high-strangeness picture as well, with somewhat slower activity than the landmark year of 1976 and sort of a preview to the upcoming madness of 1978, with 1977 right in the middle.
Ref. 1. NCP Paper 19, Fran Ridge, Nuclear Connection Project
Ref. 2. NICAP UFOE II, NICAP UFOE II, Section II.
Ref. 3. Jacques Vallee, UFO Chronicles of the Soviet Union: A cosmic Samizdat, p. 29.
Ref. 4. UFOs in Soviet Waters, by Paul Stone Hill
Ref 5. Timothy Good, Above Top secret, 518
Ref. 6. Close Encounters of the Third Kind, wikipedia.org