Nuclear Connection Project
NCP Paper

Pandora's Box - What Have We Done?

Francis Ridge
  NCP Coordinator


The year is 1946 and "flying saucers" are not yet a household word. And "flying discs" and Roswell won't become headline national news until a year later. What is an alien race, that had been doing routine observations of activities on planet Earth for decades, thinking, after witnessing two devastating world wars, one ending with two atomic bombs dropped on Japanese civilians in August of 1945? And now, in July of 1946, a fleet of 71 surplus and captured ships are anchored in the Bikini Atoll lagoon in the Marshall Islands. Maybe the aliens knew; maybe they didn't, but these ships are being used as targets. A support fleet of more than 150 ships are providing quarters, experimental stations, and workshops for most of the 42,000 healthy young men.

July 25, 1946; 8:35 AM
A standard Fat Man type Mk 3A fission bomb (and only a mere 23 kilotons, not 50-100 megatons) is used in this test. The bomb is encased in a watertight steel caisson, and suspended beneath landing ship LSM-60. The closest ship to surface zero is the USS Saratoga. Photographs of the Baker shot are unique among nuclear detonation pictures. The blinding flash that usually obscures the target area takes place underwater and is barely seen. The clear image of ships in the foreground and background gives a sense of scale. The large Wilson cloud and the vertical water column are distinctive Baker shot features, making the pictures easily identifiable. The most famous scene in the video shows the 27,000 ton battleship, Arkansas, 562 ft (171 m) long, upended to near vertical, with two-thirds of its length in the air, silhouetted against the north face of the water column.

Eight ships were sunk or capsized, eight more were severely damaged. Sunk vessels were the USS Saratoga, USS Arkansas, the Nagato, LSM-60 (obviously), the submarines USS Apogon and USS Pilotfish, the concrete dry dock ARDC-13, and the barge YO-160.  42,000 healthy young men, who were never warned of radiation hazards, were exposed to these tests, washed (decontaminated) the damaged ships with radioactive water, drank radioactive water, swam in radioactive water.

Operation Crossroads was an atmospheric nuclear weapon test series conducted in the summer of 1946.
1. ABLE was detonated at an altitude of 520 feet (158 meters) on 1 July
2. BAKER was detonated 90 feet (27 meters) underwater on 25 July.
3. CHARLIE was............. canceled.

Such tests would never be conducted for the peaceful uses of atomic energy after two devastating world wars and the use of two weapons that killed over 200,000 civilians. And the monitoring of the movement and testing of captured German V-2's (similar to our intelligence activities and the U-2 flights right before the Cuban Missile Crisis), was missile delivery of weapons of mass destruction the next phase? All this being done by the peaceful nations who stood out among the other 150 tribes on Planet Earth.. Does it come as a surprise that the famous "Ghost Rockets", which shook up the Pentagon brass, exploded on the scene that same year and in July of 1946?

It gets scarier.

May 25, 1953
If you were watching a relatively warlike race of beings and saw this, what would you think? Seven years after the Baker blast you just saw, and many tests later, the potential use of tactical nuclear weapons is becoming more possible. This is the first test of a nuclear artillery shell (Grable for "gun") - the 280 mm AFAP (artillery fired atomic projectile). The shot was an artillery delivered airburst. The shell traveled 11,000 yards before detonation which occurred 86 feet west, 137 feet south, and 24 feet above the designated burst point. The predicted yield was 14 kt.  The Mk-9 280 mm (11.02 inch) shell was 54.4 inches long, weighed 803 lb, and used oralloy as the fissile material. Air burst detonation was arranged by a time fuze. The Mk-9 was fired by an enormous 85 ton artillery piece. The gun had a muzzle velocity of 2060 ft/sec, and a range of up to 20 miles.

Russian field commanders had these (and pilotless drones), loaded with tactical nuclear weapons, plus the authority to use them on an invading U.S. ground attack force if the American Joint Chiefs would have had their way during the Cuban Missile Crisis in October of 1963. Kennedy's decision to try something else prevented WWIII. The whole world was watching. And somebody else, too.

August 27, 1958; 2:30 AM
Three Lockheed X-17A three-stage missiles, each modified to carry a 1.7-kiloton W-25 plutonium warhead, were fired from the USS Norton Sound in the south Atlantic near the Falkland Islands, a remote locale chosen for its windswept winter, which assured there would be no activity in the vicinity. A third-stage failure resulted in a nuclear detonation at a lower altitude than planned, but the explosion seven minutes later was high enough to partially confirm the Christofilos effect. The Task Force 88 team watched in awe as a brilliant flash spread across the horizon, and a pale red glow transformed into an eerie, greenish-blue aurora high above, forming glowing streamers along the direction of magnetic north and south.

Two more launches followed on August 30 and September 6, while the latest U.S. satellite, Explorer 4, probed the results. Explorer 4 had been launched just before Argus began ­publicly to further investigate the Van Allen radiation belts but secretly to also analyze the Argus experiments. James Van Allen's instruments, along with measurements from ships, airplanes, and sounding rockets, confirmed Christofilos' predictions. The Argus explosions had indeed created artificial radiation belts around Earth.

Besides detonating nuclear weapons all over Planet Earth like kids shooting off fireworks on the 4th of July, we were now polluting the upper atmosphere and space with nuclear radiation. We knew that none of us was up there, but we weren't sure if "anybody else" was. But we did it anyway.

July 9, 1962
Operation Dominic was a series of 105 nuclear test explosions conducted in 1962 and 1963 by the United States. On this day in July of 1962, at 0900 Zulu, a THOR missilel lifted off Johnston Island and roared to an altitude of 248 miles where the W-49 warhead/MK-4RV were released and detonated. The test was quite spectacular with impressive light displays from an artificial aurora lasting up to seven minutes. The electromagnetic pulse (EMP) from the test sent power line surges throughout Oahu (800 miles away) knocking out street lighting, blowing fuses and circuit breakers, and triggering burglar alarms. This was the highest altitude test and second largest warhead detonated during the Johnston Island portion of Operation Dominic and was probably the one that lead to newspaper headlines which read, "It Was High Noon at 11:00 PM Today."

We had no International Space Station or orbiting spacecraft in orbit at that time, nor did anyone else on Earth.  But what about "somebody else"? 

There have been well over 2,000 atomic tests on this planet. If these tests were not dangerous to ET, they at least told a grim story:  Mankind, even the peaceful ones, were  planning for what many defense people thought was just a matter of time. Nuclear war.

It is not surprising that UFOs touched off a series of warnings, that began with the shutdown of 18 missiles at Malmstrom AFB, Montana, in March of 1967.

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