Background Info on CW Stockpile Site in Newport, Indiana
NEWPORT, INDIANA(The following is excerpted from "Chemical Weapons Disposal and Environmental Justice" written by Suzanne Marshall PhD. and published by the Kentucky Environmental Foundation, November, 1996, with funding from the Educational Foundation of America.)
The Newport Army Ammunition Plant (NAAP) is located just south of Newport, Indiana in Vermillion County, population 16,773, a decrease of almost 1,500 from the 1980 census figures. The percentage of the population living below the poverty level has risen from 10.68% in 1980 to 11.67% in 1990, which is higher than the state average of 10.68%, but lower than the national average. The county is racially homogenous with a 99.45% white population. NAAP was established in 1942 to produce the explosive material RDX and heavy water. In 1959 the Army decided to make nerve agent VX there, and in 1961 production began. Pollution from these processes is currently a problem and dangerous to human health (Bureau of the Census, 1980, 1990; Bradbury, et al., 1994, Appendix D).
This region is rural and has other major
polluters. An Eli Lily medical waste incinerator is located just north of Clinton, Indiana. Two Public
Service Indiana electric generating plants,
which primarily burn coal, are
located approximately six miles and twenty miles