Date: Fri, 18 Mar 2005 15:31:12 +0000 (GMT)
From: daniel wilson <>
Subject: Air Defense in 1952 ,the "Blue Book Plan"
Distribution: Francis Ridge , NCP 

(Note: Although the phrase, "the Blue Book Plan", and the workings of Project Blue Book are probably not related, I find it interesting that the peak and focus of the 1952 sightings coincides with the threat mentioned in the report by Kenneth Schaffel mentioned below in Dan Wilson's summation. - Francis Ridge)

Information from The Emerging Shield: The Air Force and the Evolution of Continental Air Defense 1945-1960, by Kenneth Schaffel. 
On March 2, 1950, a Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) meeting focused on establishing goals for a minimum air defense by 1952. The followoing month at a USAF Commanders Conference at Ramey AFB, Puerto Rico,  planners familiarized commanders with the thinking behind the plan of minimum defense as well as with its contents.Referred to as the Blue Book Plan, it stipulated that a minimum air defense could be in place by mid-1952. It was estimated that July 1, 1952, as the critical date when the Soviets would pose a dangerous threat. General Charles Cabell expected the Soviets to have between 45 and 90 atom bombs and 70 to 135 Tu-4 bombers (copied B-29s) by that time.  

In the area of strength, the Blue Book Plan specified a need for the Air Force to have 67 all-weather squadrons operating by 1952. As for deployment, Blue Book planners called for the squadrons to defend, in order of priority, the atomic weapons storage sites of SAC, the Hanford, Washington, atomic energy facility, and major American cities, with Washington and New York heading the list. (See pages 113-115)
These areas of protection were the areas where many UFO sightings were coming from in mid-1952. Project Blue Book was swamped with reports in July 1952, and Washington D.C. was visited twice in July of 1952, as well as Los Alamos, and Kirtland AFB, Sandia, Base, all in New Mexico, and areas involved in nuclear weapons, with storage of nuclear weapons near Kirtland AFB.
In June through August 1952 the "Summer Study Group," a group composed of 20 full-time scientists and engineers all with some knowledge of air defense, met at MIT to further study the problem of air defense.  The Air Force had its own study on air defense at the Lincoln Laboratory, also at MIT.  ( See pages 174 and 177).
The Provost of MIT at this time was Dr. Julian Stratton. He received some very interesting letters from the CIA during late 1952 and early 1953, concerning UFOs.
First letter dated 3 December 1952

Image of document FLYING SAUCERS. Alternative text version is not available.


Image of document UNTITLED  (TO JULIUS STRATTON FROM H MARSHALL CHADWELL. Alternative text version is not available.
These two commuications encompass the USAF/CIA Robertson Panel of late January 1953, to study the problem of UFOs. Many of the same participants of the Robertson Panel were involved with the air defense problems being stutied at MIT. Is a mere a coincidence that the Summer Study Group's Final Report came out on February 1, 1953, just after the Robertson Panel had concluded its study? 
The Robertson Panel:



14 - 17 January 1953


Dr. H.P. Robertson
California Institute of technology
Physics, weapons systems

Dr. Luis W. Alverez
University of California
Physics, radar

Dr. Lloyd V. Berkner
Associated Universities, Inc.

Dr. Samuel Goudsmit
Brookhaven National Laboratories
Atomic structure, statistical problems

Dr. Thornton Page
Office of Research Operations, Johns Hopkins University
Astronomy, Astrophysics


Dr. J. Allen Hynek
Ohio State University

Mr. Frederick C. Durant
Arthur D. Little, Inc.
Rockets, guided missiles


Brig. Gen. William N. Garland
Commanding General, ATIC
Scientific and technical intelligence

Dr. H. Marshall Chadwell
Assistant Director, O/SI, CIA
Scientific and technical intelligence

Mr. Ralph L. Clark
Deputy Assistant Director, O/SI, CIA
Scientific and technical intelligence

[ S E C R E T ]
[-Security Information-]


[---- BLACKED OUT ----] TAB C


Mr. Philip G. Strong
Chief, Operations Staff, O/SI, CIA
Scientific and technical intelligence

Mr. Stephen T. Possony
Acting Chief, Special Studies Group, D/I USAF
Scientific and technical intelligence

Capt. Edward J. Ruppelt, USAF
Chief, Aerial Phenomena Branch, ATIC, USAF
Scientific and technical intelligence

Mr. Dewey J. Fournet, Jr.
The Ethyl Corporation
Aero Eng.

Lt. R. S. Neasham, USN
USN Photo Interpretation Laboratory, Anacostia
Photo Interpretation

Mr. Harry Woo, USN
Photo Interpretation Laboratory, Anacostia
Photo Interpretation