1949 UFO Chronology
and the Grudge Report

Not the actual cover, but the publication above and documents
therein can be ordered from the Fund for UFO Research. Full
NARA version is now onsite at 
August, 1949; SECRET Project Grudge Report

Created Dec. 20, 2005, updated 12 Nov 2018
This chronology is currently a 29-page report and a very important year in UFOlogy.  I want to thank all the members of the A-Team who made this possible.  To look at and/or print all the 1949 Blue Book monthly summaries, click here. Otherwise the monthly listings are inserted within this chronology by month. Note: There are 209 entries in the 38-page La Paz catalog, the " Summary of Sightings of Unknown Phenomena, 17th District OSI".  But in the 1949 group there were 144 sightings and the only ones listed here are the reports with some important details to make them extraordinary. Also, brief case descriptions giving the category number, name of witness, and source in brackets (M=military), are NICAP UFO Evidence entries that haven't been located. Finally, I want thank Loren Gross for thoughtfully and diligently collecting data many years ago for his UFO Histories and supplemental notes, in particular here the year 1949. And a big thanks to CUFOS and Mary Castnor for housing them on the CUFOS site.

Francis Ridge
NICAP Site Coordinator

The Chronology

Jan. 1, 1949; Jackson, Mississippi (BBU)
5 p.m. Pilot D. [?] Rush flying private plane saw a 60 ft cigar-shaped object cross the sky in front of the plane to the SW, nearly colliding, at 500 mph. (Sparks; Project 1947; McDonald list; Saunders/FUFOR Index)

Jan. 4, 1949; Hickam Field, Hawaii (BBU 275)
2 p.m. USAF pilot Capt. Paul R. Stoney, on ground at Pacific Command HQ, saw a flat white, elliptical object, with a matte top, about the size of a T-6 aircraft, circle at about 3,000 ft while oscillating to the right and left, then speed away. (Jan Aldrich)

Jan. 5, 1949; Sea of Japan
At 10:07 p.m. local time, an unknown object was picked up on radar. The length of observation was 4 minutes. The source of information was the Far East Air Force (FEAF). (Dan Wilson)      

Jan. 5, 1949;  Albuquerque, New Mexico
Briefly mentioned in report at Los Alamos below. No other data.

Jan. 6, 1949; Kirtland AFB, New Mexico (BBU)
OSI Case 16. Diamond shaped object in horizontal flight much faster than a jet.
Jan. 6, 1949; Los Alamos, New Mexico (BBU)
OSI Cases 16 & 17 (mentions above incident again). Unusual sounds heard. Report mentions a Jan 5 incident)

Col Eustis Poland, G-2 Intelligence, US Army, issues memo to the Director of Army Intelligence concerning the wild hypotheses that were spreading concerning the southwestern light phenomena. (Courtesy, Project 1947 and Joel Carpenter)

Jan. 23, 1949; 4 miles S of Tillamook, Oregon (BBU)
11:05 a.m.  Machinist and former wartime air defense observer Charles E. Leckington and wife Rose C. while driving S on Hwy 101, about 1/4 to 1/2 mile N of Pleasant Valley, saw a shiny, silvery, round stationary object about 10-15 ft size glinting in the sun to the SE at about 35° elevation about 2,000 ft height about 1/2 to 3/4 mile away (in its belated investigation in April, AFOSI claimed a height figure of 500 ft without explaining the discrepancy).  When he went inside his shop with Allen Hughes of neighboring Hughes Grocery to get binoculars the object had disappeared.  No sound or trail.  Burt [Bert?] J. Smith, father-in-law of Leckington, living in house behind the Leckingtons,  saw for about 1 min the polished silver saucer-shaped object reflecting sunlight [nearly?] overhead at first, about 1,000-2,000 ft [1,400-2,000] altitude, angular size of full moon (0.5°), then moving NE at about 30-50 mph [30-35 mph], for about 1 min to disappearance at 45° angle [elevation].  (Sparks;  FOIA;  BB files;  Saunders/FUFOR Index)   2.5-3 mins 3 witnesses  ~1 Full Moon   triangulation

The memo documents speculation on Soviet nuclear-powered disc by USAF Col C. D. Gasser of the Nuclear Energy for the Propulsion of Aircraft (NEPA) project at Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Gasser reported rumors coming from Wright-Patterson AFB that nuclear-powered disc-shaped planes might be making incursions into US airspace and returning to the USSR over the North Pole. (Courtesy of Project 1947 site)

Jan. 24, 1949; About 250 miles SW of Bermuda Island, Atlantic (BBU)
12:00-2:10 a.m. (Z/GMT/UT)  (For more detailed report click on link above) USAF pilot and crew of RB-29 bomber in the 373rd Recon Squadron based at Kindley AFB, Bermuda [on classified Atomic Detection System service] was searching for a lost BOAC aircraft. At 1,500 ft and at 200  mph saw to the left (in the N) a red glow on the ocean 1 to 1-1/2 miles in size extending up to 2,500-3,000 (or 4,000-6,000) ft altitude with 2-4 white searchlight-like beams of light within the red glow. At 12:25 a.m. B-29 turned toward the light and by 12:40 approached so close, estimated 100-150 ft [?] distance at 6,000 ft altitude, that pilot made a sharp bank to avoid collision. B-29 crew unable to take nuclear fallout sample of air around red glow because in haste to take off on search mission they failed to bring filter paper. B-29 circled the red glow from all directions for 44 mins as the glow slowly moved [at about 10 mph headed W], when they finally departed the area at 1:24 a.m. Red glow still visible on landing in Bermuda [at about 2:10 a.m.]. (BB Maxwell Microfilm Roll 5 pp. 167-233;  Project 1947;  Saunders/FUFOR Index) 

Jan. 27, 1949; Cortez-Bradenton, Florida (BBU 284)
10:20 p.m. Capt. Sames [Sannes?], Acting Chief of the Aircraft Branch, Eglin AFB, and wife saw a cigar shaped object as long as 2 Pullman cars, with 7 lighted square windows and throwing sparks, descend then climb with a bouncing motion at about 400 mph. (Berliner; FUFOR Index) 25 mins

Jan. 30, 1949; Near Amarillo to near Lamesa, Texas (BBU)
5:54 p.m. (MST). Thousands of witnesses over several states saw spectacular green fireball, N-S trajectory triangulated by Dr. Lincoln LaPaz as 12 mile altitude over Amarillo area descending slightly on nearly horizontal 143-mile path to near Lamesa disappearing about 8 miles altitude. No noise except slight hissing. 100+ witnesses interviewed. (Sparks; FOIA) 10-20 secs

Jan. 30, 1949; Roswell, New Mexico (AFOSI 19)
5:55 p.m.  Approximately 200 observers. W-E, 2000', horizontal flight, blue green, moving slowly, disappeared in shower of lighted fragments. Also seen at Alamogordo (AFOSI 20) and Fort Worth, Texas (AFOSI 21).

"Protection of Vital Installations (three page pdf file)

To AFOSI concerning the latest Green Fireball incident seen over several states on Jan 30, 1949.  "All out investigation OK'ed by OSI" says the handwritten notation of Feb 4, 1949. LaPaz investigated and determined the Green Fireball had a 140+ mile trajectory from near Amarillo to near Lamesa, Texas, at a multiply triangulated altitude of about 60,000 to 40,000 feet at a velocity of 25,000 to 50,000 mph -- an absolute physical impossibility for a meteor.  No traces were found despite LaPaz and AFOSI plowing through miles of Texas mud looking for fragments. (Brad Sparks)

          Possibility that some of the incidents may represent technical developments far in advance of knowledge available.

NARA-PBB1-21 - February 1-28 Sightings

Feb. 10, 1949; North of Dayton, Ohio (BB)
At 2032 local time Capt. Roger J. Groseclose, USAF Pilot, and 1st Lt. Ray W. Adams, USAF Student Pilot, observed from the air at 7,900 feet a white object with a blue glow in a straight gradual descent to approximately 9,000 feet then it broke into two parts and disintegrated. The object was in sight for approximately 5 seconds. [Probable meteor] (Dan Wilson, BB files)

SECRET Project SIGN Report, Feb. 11, 1949 (72-page pdf file)
The order of February 11, 1949, that changed the name of Project Sign to Project Grudge had not directed any change in the operating policy of the project. It had, in fact, pointed out that the project was to continue to investigate and evaluate reports of sightings of unidentified flying objects. In doing this, standard intelligence procedures would be used. This normally means the unbiased evaluation of intelligence data. But it doesn't take a great deal of study of the old UFO files to see that standard intelligence procedures were no longer being used by Project Grudge. Everything was being evaluated on the premise that UFO's couldn't exist. No matter what you see or hear, don't believe it. (Ruppelt) [Correction: The order changing SIGN to GRUDGE was dated Dec 16, 1948, by AF Dir of R&D Gen Donald Putt, not made effective until Feb 12, 1949, after SIGN's Final Report was issued Feb 11.  We know the date of the change because it was commented on at the Los Alamos green fireballs conference of Feb 16, 1949, as having occurred the previous "Saturday," Feb. 12. - Brad Sparks]

Feb. 14, 1949; Canado, New Mexico (AFOSI 22)
6:40 p.m. Dr. (deleted) and his wife were returning from Gallup (New Mexico), they crossed the long bridge about two miles due east of Ganado. As they came up the hill west of the bridge, where the road heads south, brilliant white light was observed in the sky directly in front of the car, and somewhat above the horizon. The object appeared to hang stationary, then fell in slight curve to the west. Mrs. (deleted) said that the object was slightly greenish color. Both agreed that the object had an orange tinge as it fell, and that sparks appeared to trail off the object, both while stationary and as it fell. Dr. (deleted) said that his first reaction was that it was an airplane on fire, and that he had so reported to the Arizona State Police."45 (Gross, UFO History, 1949, pg. 21)

Found in the FBI files a copy of Air Intelligence Requirements Memo No. 4, "Unconventional Aircraft," of Feb 15, 1949. Copies were sent by Hoover to FBI offices worldwide in SAC (Special Agents in Charge) Letter No. 38 of March 25, 1949. (Brad Sparks)
Feb. 16, 1949, Los Alamos Conference on the Green Fireball Problem
Actual document
This offshoot of this conference was the Project TWINKLE, scheme to gain more accurate information on any more "peculiar meteors" by establishing number of cinetheodolite stations to film anything unusual in the atmosphere, especially fast moving objects.

Feb. 17, 1949; Grants [Sandia Base, Albuquerque?], New Mexico (BBU)
OSI Case 24. 6 ? p.m. [Mitchell ? and others] saw oval white light moving S in vertical climb then leveled off, then a gradual ascent. (FOIA; FUFOR Index)

Feb. 17, 1949; Albuquerque, New Mexico (BBU)
6:00 p.m. (AFOSI Cases 23 and 24) Apparently the same object viewed at different or overlapping times on its trajectory.  Case 23 is truck driver Herman Wilcox at about 6 PM (actually 5:57) from near Grants, NM, and Case 24 is UNM Prof. Marvin May at 5:57 PM from Albuquerque (who with his training in meteorite tracking with LaPaz has the more accurate time than the truck driver). There were also about 100 guards at Sandia Base including the Officer of the Guard, sighting it at 5:59-6:06 PM evidently.

Feb. 23, 1949. Sandberg Pass 40 miles S of Bakersfield, Calif. (BBU)
10:30 p.m. USAF pilot of T-11 with 703rd Air Reserve Division saw a sausage-shaped object circle the plane at 10,000 ft in 360° and 180° turns. (Sparks; Project 1947; Saunders/FUFOR Index) 40 secs

Feb. 27, 1949; Los Alamos, New Mexico (BBU)
7:05 p.m. Green-white fireball seen in horizontal flight from W to E. (FOIA) 2 secs

Feb. 28 (not 23rd), 1949; Sandberg Pass 40 miles S of Bakersfield, Calif. (BBU)
10:30 p.m. USAF pilot of T-11 with 703rd Air Reserve Division saw a sausage shaped object circle the plane in 360° and 180° turns. (Project 1947)

March 2, 1949; Los Alamos, New Mexico (BBU)
12:10 a.m. Sewald saw high speed light in horizontal flight low in the sky N to S. (FOIA; FUFOR Index) 2 secs

March 3, 1949; Los Alamos, New Mexico
1:59 a.m. (AFOSI 27) This report is not an original BB unknown, nor has it been included in the Comprehensive Catalog of Project Blue Book Unknowns by Brad Sparks. The report is, however, mentioned in the BB Microfilm files and listed in the La Paz/AFOSI Catalog. The behavior of the Green Fireballs is suspect in almost all of the AFOSI Catalog cases, especially so in this one where the FB is in an almost vertical descent, something no meteor of any kind can do.

March 6, 1949; Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
8:20 p.m. (AFOSI 29 & 30) Army Sgt. Hubert Vickery and PFC John Ransom on patrol at the AFSWP (Armed Forces Special Weapons Project) nuclear weapons storage site saw a blue-white oblong object about 2 ft x 1 ft in size travel S from 286° to 279° azimuth elevation 5°45'. Other sightings by Army patrols from 8:30 p.m. to 2 a.m. (FOIA)

March 6, 1949. Killeen Base/Site B [Nuclear Weapons National Stockpile], Camp Hood, Texas  (BBU)
8:45 p.m. Army artillery observation patrol saw a light-colored round object with trail about 10° long travel S to N from azimuth 189° elevation 21° to azimuth 210° elevation 6°31’. No sound. Other sightings by Army patrols (see above, below). (Sparks; BB NARA Microfilm Roll 91, p. 413, Maxwell Roll 5, p. 627; FOIA) 1 sec

March 6, 1949. Killeen Base/Site B [Nuclear Weapons National Stockpile], Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
[8:20?] p.m. Army artillery observation patrol saw a blue-white ball-like “fixed flash,” size of basketball [?], in the NE at azimuth 40° elevation 59°. No sound or trail. Other sightings by Army patrols (see above, below). (Sparks; BB NARA Microfilm Roll 91, p. 413, Maxwell Roll 5, p. 627; FOIA) 1 sec

March 7, 1949. Killeen Base/Site B [Nuclear Weapons National Stockpile], Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
1:15 a.m. Army artillery observation patrol saw a brilliant blue-white flash of light like flashbulb in the NE at azimuth 40° elevation 66°15’. No sound. [Meteor?] Other sightings by Army patrols (see above, below). (Sparks; BB NARA Microfilm Roll 91, p. 413, Maxwell Roll 5, p. 627; FOIA) 1 sec

March 7, 1949. Killeen Base/Site B [Nuclear Weapons National Stockpile], Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
1:30 a.m. Army artillery observation patrol saw a blue-white ball-like “fixed flash,” size of basketball [?], in the NNE at azimuth 16° elevation 27°30’. No sound. [Meteor?] Other sightings by Army patrols (see above, below). (Sparks; BB NARA Microfilm Roll 91, p. 413, Maxwell Roll 5, p. 627; FOIA) 1 sec 1 174.

March 7, 1949. Killeen Base/Site B [Nuclear Weapons National Stockpile], Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
1:30-2 a.m. Army artillery observation patrol saw a bluish-white ball-like flash of light like flashbulb in the WSW at azimuth 250° elevation 26°. No sound. Other sightings by Army patrols (see above, below). (Sparks; BB NARA Microfilm Roll 91, p. 413, Maxwell Roll 5, p. 627; FOIA) 1 sec ? 2 175.

March 7, 1949; Camp Hood, Texas (AOSI 32-34)
PFC. Max Eugene Manlove, 1st Provost Squadron, Camp Hood, Texas, observed a teardrop-shaped object, orange in color, drop vertically in front of him. Observation time: 2 seconds. (AFOSI 34). 1:30 a.m. Two other sets of military witnesses. Very brief (2 secs?). (AFOSI 32, 33).

March 7, 1949. Killeen Base/Site B [Nuclear Weapons National Stockpile], Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
1:45 a.m. Army artillery observation patrol saw an orange tear-drop shaped object, 2 x 1 ft in size [?], drop vertically to ground, in the ENE at azimuth 60°. No sound. [Meteor?] Other sightings by Army patrols (see above, below). (Sparks; BB NARA Microfilm Roll 91, p. 413, Maxwell Roll 5, p. 627; FOIA)

March 7, 1949. Window Rock, Ariz. (BBU)
6:10 p.m. Sighting of round object fire red in the center shading to blue at edge, 3 ft in diameter [?], traveling estimated 200-300 mph, in the N at elevation 40°-45° disintegrating at the end. No sound. (Sparks; BB NARA Microfilm Roll 91, p. 414) 5-8 secs

March 8, 1949; Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU) (AFOSI Case 39)
2 a.m. Army infantrymen in separate locations 1/2 mile apart sight different lights, one white seen by Payne, the other, by Cpl. Luke Sims, was of a yellowish red light in level flight crossing 60° of sky. (FOIA; FUFOR Index) 5 secs ?

March 8, 1949; Los Alamos, New Mexico (BB)
6:35 p.m.  Two observers reported  intense white/aluminum colored object moving horizontal, then descending, from 800 mph to slower than a twin-engine airplane. (Dan Wilson, AFOSI Cases 36-37)

March 13, 1949; Albuquerque, New Mexico (AFOSI Case 40)
9: 50 p.m. Not a BBU but a Sandia Base OSI Case. Ball-shaped object with a tail of fire flying at a speed slower than a meteor on a slightly descending path. Object appeared to be half the size of full moon.

March 14, 1949. Aircraft bet. Honolulu and Canton Island (BBU)
bet. 9 and 9:16 a.m. (GMT). (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.)

March 17, 1949; Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU 319)
7:52 p.m. Capt. Horace McCulloch, Asst. G-2 of the 2nd Armored Division at the nuclear weapons storage site, was preparing the test firing of flares in order to prove recent sightings were mistakes when he and his men themselves saw aerial phenomena, 7 separate sightings by trained artillery observers in different locations enabled rapid triangulation of large, green, red and white flare-like objects flying in generally straight lines. (FOIA) 1 hr ?

March 18, 1949; Fort Chimo, Quebec, Canada (BBU)
7:50 p.m. (EST). USAF and RCAF personnel at Detachment Crystal-I, 1227th Air Base Sq, including USAF 1st Lt. and Warrant Officer JG, RCAF Flying Officer/Liaison Officer Brodribb, and a USAF civilian employee, saw a red light like an aircraft light to the S traveling W to E at high altitude estimated 10,000 ft and 200-250 mph silently with stops and starts and flickering, and a turn to the S at the end. (FOIA)  2-5 mins

March 22, 1949 Letter
Air Force letter to Director, FBI

March 25, 1949 Letter
FBI letter to Air Force who was seeking help from FBI. Includes  attachment below.
6-6:30 p.m. (AFOSI cases 42-45). Various witnesses, including police officer, postmaster (Montoya, N.M.), newspaper editor (Tucumcari Daily News), saw a contrail-like yellow­amber-orange object, length/width ratio 5:1, 1/6 moon's diameter, slowly moving from S (205° azimuth) to W (254° azimuth) at about 45°-60° elevation (75° at Montoya moving 180° to 260° azimuth), wiggling slightly, at first in a vertical orientation [?], dived steeply-leveled-climbed 2-3 times, reversed course once at top of a climb, a bright glitter of white light at a leveling off. No sound or trail. (FOIA) 15-30 mins

March 29, 1949. Shemya AFB, Aleutian Islands, Alaska (BBU)
10:05 p.m. USAF crew of B-29 bomber saw a dull yellowish light flying at 2,400 ft. (Project 1947)

March 31, 1949. E of Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
11:50 p.m. (AFOSI Case 46) Army Lt. Frederick Davis on patrol saw a reddish white ball of fire pass horizontally over the base airstrip, and noted interference on the field telephone afterward when he reported it. (FOIA) 10-15 secs

April 3, 1949. 1 mile SE of Dillon, Montana (BBU)
11:55 [11:50?] a.m. Miller Construction Co. owner Gosta Miller, a commercial pilot and aviation engineer, and an employee, and a trucking company owner and a gas station attendant (Lovell, Lessey, Greene) saw an object like two inverted plates attached face-to­face, matte blue-grey or greenish-grey non-reflective bottom, bright aluminum top reflecting sunlight, 20 ft diameter (others estimated 15-25 ft), 4-5 ft thickness. Object seen over the N end of town at 3,000-5,000 ft height about 4 miles away moving in several directions rocking or rotating in semi-circles 6 times, move E descending rapidly to about 700-1,000 ft height, rock again a few times with upper side now visible reflecting sunlight, fly SW to 2 miles W of Dillon, rock again a few times, then rapidly flew over airport 12 miles NE of Dillon at 1,000 ft departing rapidly to the E disappearing over mountains. No sound or trail. Speed  1,000 mph so great object seemed blurred. (Berliner; cf. FOIA; Jan Aldrich) several mins

April 4, 1949. Merced, Calif.  (BBU)
10:20 p.m. Major William Parrott, former Air Force pilot, saw a generally round object with curved bottom and dull coloring, giving off clicking sound until overhead. Parrott's dog reacted. (Berliner) 35 secs

April 5, 1949; Los Alamos, New Mexico (AFOSI Case 47)
10:00 p.m. S-N, green with red afterglow, approximately 300' above S. slope of Fejarito Mountain, object of tremendous speed disappeared behind mountain.

April 5, 1949. Los Alamos, New Mexico (BBU)
11 p.m. (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.) 1/2-1 sec

April 6, 1949. Los Alamos, New Mexico (BBU)
12:05 p.m. (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.) 3-5 sec 1 190.

April 7, 1949. Los Alamos, New Mexico (BBU)
1-1:35 a.m. 5-45 secs 2 (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.)

April 6-7, 1949. Memphis, Tenn. (BBU)
12:01 [12:30?], 2, 3:30, 4 a.m. Housewife Mrs. Mike Love Stewart and Dorthy [Dorothy?] Hall (and Helen Howell?), a husband and son, saw 6-9 climbing, diving, whirling yellow or silvery oval objects which avoided 3-4 airplanes, traveling from SW to SE about 45° elevation about 1-2 miles away, 1/4 moon angular size. (FOIA) 2-4 hrs

Bet. 2:45 and 3:00 p.m. Air National Guard Lts. Reeser and Salter, pilots in a T-6 heading SE over March AFB's radio beacon at 7,000 ft, first saw about 1,000 ft below them for 4-5 secs a tumbling red and grey wingtip-tank-shaped object, smaller than a T-6, and then 4 white domed-disc parachute-shaped objects separated by about 1,000 ft each. They circled around and copilot saw the 4 white parachute shapes, no shroud lines, etc., and climbed to 9,000 ft for a better look but the objects disappeared to the E. (FOIA; FUFOR Index)

April 12, 1949; Albuquerque, New Mexico (AFOSI Case 51) 
7:30 p.m. SE-NW, round white object 1/8th size of moon moving very fast.

April 12, 1949; Elpaso, Texas (AFOSI Case 52)
Witness reported grayish object rose straight up leaving smoke trail, 15 minutes duration.

April 15, 1949; Peterson AFB, Colorado Springs, Colorado (BB)
3:30 PM MST. The color of unlighted, frosted electric light bulbs the hurtled over the base. The Intelligence Division of the Fifteenth Air Force investigated: "Objects followed straight course. When first seen, the object on the left was an apparent distance of five feet behind the first, and with an increase of speed overtook the first object in about two seconds and flew in close formation with the first object. This fact seems to preclude the possibility that these objects were meteors. Object was first sighted by T/Sgt. Morbeck, who was watching a B-25 pass over the field, and observed the objects passing above the B-25, going in the opposite direction, and called them to the attention of Major Bullock and M/Sgt. Fink, who were standing near by and remarked: 'Are those airplanes? Boy! They are sure fast.'" (pg. 63 Gross 1949, Blue Book case 294)

April 15, 1949. El Paso, Texas (BBU)
4:30 p.m. (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.) 15 mins

April 18, 1949. Flagstaff and Williams, Ariz. (BBU)
1:48 a.m. (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.) 1-2 secs

April 20 [21?], 1949. Ludington, Mich. (BBU)
Afternoon. Paul Timm and Pat O'Connell, high school students, saw a fast moving white "comet with a tail" cross the sky to the W disappearing over Lake Michigan. (FOIA; FUFOR Index)

April 22, 1949; Cliff, New Mexico (AFOSI Case 54)
9:05 a.m. W-E, 20-degrees dropping slowly, aluminum colored, round flat thin 15' diameter object in view 2 minutes.

April 24, 1949; 3 miles N of Arrey, New Mexico (BBU 358)
10:30 a.m. (MST). General Mills meteorologist and balloon expert Charles B. Moore and 4 Navy crew on a balloon launch crew (Akers, Davidson, Fitzsimmons, Moorman) saw a white, round ellipsoid, shadowed yellowish on one side, length/width ratio 2.5x, cross the sky from the S (azimuth 210° elevation 45°) to the E at about 5°/sec angular velocity, passing near the sun (126° azimuth 60° elevation), tracked by Moore viewing through 25x ML-47 theodolite after it came out of the sun. Object seemed to turn to the N, maintained constant azimuth at about 20°-25° when it suddenly climbed from 25° to 29° elevation in 10 secs and disappeared by distance or dust obscuration. Distance unknown; by assuming 57 miles, velocity is then 5 mi/sec or 18,000 mph (earth orbital velocity, not escape velocity) but this is pure assumption. (Sparks) 60-secs

April 25, 1949; Springer, New Mexico (BBU)
6:30 -7:30 AM. A 25-year-old man by the name of Abreu, and another friend, were fishing at Springer Lake, a body of water four miles NW of the New Mexico town of the same name. They were preparing bait when they heard a peculiar sound, similar to a high pitched whistle. They both thought it was some high flying ducks coming in for landing and they looked up in the air. What they saw was certainly not ducks. The objects were silvery white in color and  looked like balls, similar to Christmas tree ornaments, that passed them at very high altitude and going very fast and out of sight in very few seconds." (BB case 318) They observed the objects for over an hour and made a sketch that showed the objects in various formations as they zoomed overhead. The word: "zoomed" may be good word to use since the witness remarked: " I do not believe that these objects could have been picked up or followed with field glasses, they weew moving much too fast." (FOIA; FUFOR Index) Few secs

April 27, 1949 Joint Intelligence Committee Report (retyped copy) 
The USAF Directorate of Intelligence personnel briefed the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations,
 Lt. Gen. Lauris Norstad, and his staff on UFOs in a TOP SECRET "Air Brief."
Actual copy
April 27, 1949
The Air Force sends Top Secret "Unidentified Aerial Objects" presentation with Appendix A,
 a summary of Air Force actions to the Joint Committee on Intelligence (JIC).  Committee is composed of
representatives from the Army, Navy, Air Force intelligence divisions.

"Memorandum to the Press" No. M 26-49, released to the press from the Pentagon.
 Based on Project Sign / Grudge (classified codenames for Project "Saucer") info from AMC
Technical Intelligence Division, Wright-Patterson AFB, Dayton, Ohio, the last gasp of the pro-UFO faction.

April 27, 1949. SE of Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
9:20 p.m. 2 Army soldiers [Pillett and Belislandro?] on patrol saw a blinking violet object 1-secs 1/2 inches in diameter 10-12 ft away and about 6-7 ft above ground in motion, passing through branches of a tree before disappearing. At 9:25 p.m., 2 miles away 4 Army men sighted a 4-inch bright light, with a 2-4-inch metallic cone trailing in the back, 600 ft away 6-7 ft above ground silently approaching from the NE in level flight at 60-70 mph, disappearing suddenly in the SW at 150 ft away. At 9:37 p.m. the same witnesses saw a 2-inch white light appear 100 ft away to the NNE flying in a zigzag in level flight about 6 ft above ground, disappearing suddenly. At 9:39 p.m. the same witnesses saw a 3rd light in the WSW. (FOIA; FUFOR Index; Jan Aldrich) 1 min+

April 28, 1949
Printed copies of the Top Secret "Analysis of Flying Object Incidents in the United States" (Air Intelligence Division Study 203) disseminated to restricted list. Originally prepared by the USAF Directorate of Intelligence, Air Intelligence Division, and the Office of Naval Intelligence on 10 December 1948, this was a followup to the AF presentations to the JIC and the AF DCS/O the day before.

April 28, 1949; Gary/Michigan City, Indiana
8:00 a.m. CST. (Account where time was given says 1:00 o'clock in the morning) Businessman-Pilot Leon Faber was “just amazed” by the mysterious object he said he saw. Faber said he spotted “a bright, shining object moving east” while flying over the Gary-Michigan City, Ind. area.“It looked like one of those flying saucers." he said. “Certainly it was something I've never seen before.”Faber said he was flying at 6,000 feet and the object, 10,000 feet away, looked about the size of a basketball.“It was on its flat side and just disappeared suddenly,” he said.  “It didn't get any smaller, like something moving away from you at a distance.  It just suddenly disappeared.  Goodness, it’s the most stunning and amazing thing that ever happened to me.  I didn't think it was possible.”Faber, 49, is president of the James Knights Company, manufacturers of radio crystals.  He said he was talking by radio to some radio hams when he spotted the object and described it to them for the five minutes the object remained in his view. (Project 1947; Sandwich, IL; Terre Haute, Indiana,  The Tribune - April 29, 1949)
April 28, 1949. Homer, Mich. (BBU)
9:15 a.m. William Sackett and William Gibson pursued 6 flying discs 10 inches diameter by car along Hwy 60 for 5 miles as they flew at low altitude in "wide circles" paralleling the road. (FOIA) 5 mins

April 28, 1949. Tucson, Ariz. (BBU 361)
5:45 p.m. (AFOSI Case 57) Howard Hann [Hamm?], Mr. Hubert [Huber?] and Tex Keahey saw a a very large bright, sausage-shaped object, with no fins, wings or protuberances, travel from NE to SW, over a period of 12 minutes or so.  The object was shiny metallic and reflected the sun, and  appeared to be revolving as it moved like the "slow roll of an airplane."  There was no noise, nor was there exhaust or a vapor trail.  There were no wings or engines or "protuberances of any sort."  It appeared to be traveling at 300-600 mph. (FOIA; FUFOR Index) 

April 28, 1949. SE of Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
8:30-10 p.m. Several Army security patrols sighted a variety of strange lights, mostly slow­moving changing color from white to red to green, one with a red blinking light, one with a "cone­shaped affair" trailing in the rear similar to one seen the day before. (FOIA)

April 29, 1949
First installment of Saturday Evening Post article by Sidney Shallett "What You Can Believe About Flying Saucers."

April 30, 1949. Albuquerque, New Mexico (BBU)
10:15 p.m. (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.) 2 secs

May 2, 1949. Elko, Nevada (BBU)
11:40 a.m. CAA radio operator Mr. Small using field glasses saw 3 flying discs 30 ft diameter at 14,000 ft moving (heading?) SW at 300-400 mph make a left turn and depart ahead of a United airliner taking off from Elko airport. (FOIA; FUFOR Index) 3-4 mins

May 3, 1949. Sidney, Ohio (BBU)
9:00 a.m. Store owner Wilford and Sprague saw bright shiny disc high overhead at about 85° elevation heading NE wavering, climbing and descending slightly on a straight path. (FOIA; FUFOR Index) 2 mins

May 4, 1949. 4-1/2 miles W of Maplewood, Ohio (BBU)
6:30 p.m. Ms. Wical saw bright silver flat circular object to the SE traveling NE with sun glaring off the surface, spinning at high altitude, no sound or trail. (FOIA; FUFOR Index) <2 mins

May 5, 1949; Ft. Bliss, Texas (BBU 376)
11:40 a.m. Army officers Maj. Day [May?], Maj. Olhausen, Capt. Vaughn saw 2 oblong white discs, flying at about 200-250 mph, make a shallow turn. 3" object passed through field of fire on Waco #4 firing range. (Berliner) 30-50 secs

May 5, 1949 Letter to CO, Kirtland AFB
The Inspector General USAF, 17th District Office of Special Investigations, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico.
Letter to Commanding Officer Kirtland AFB, New Mexico, 5 May 1949

May 6, 1949. Los Alamos, New Mexico (BBU)
1:05 a.m. (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.) <1 sec 1 1/8 213.

May 6, 1949. Killeen Base/Site B [Nuclear Weapons National Stockpile], Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
8:40-9:30 p.m. UFO observation network using Army artillery observers (Lt. Mardell E. Ward?), established 2 days earlier, tracks its first object. (Sparks; BB Maxwell Microfilm Roll 5, p. 628, Roll 91, pp. 414ff.; FOIA; Jan Aldrich) 50 mins ?

May 6, 1949: Sidney, Ohio (BBU)
8:30 a.m. Stump, Herman and Quinn saw a bright object about 1/2 mile to the W moving S at high speed, no trail or sound, one saying it was too bright to see the shape the other saying it had a flat circular shape. (FOIA; FUFOR Index; Jan Aldrich) 2 mins

May 6, 1949; Livermore, Calif. (BBU 379)
9:35 a.m. C. G. Green saw 2 shiny, disc-like objects rotate around each other and bank, then one shot upwards with a grey trail and rejoined the other. (Berliner) 5 mins

UFO observation network using Army artillery observers (Ward?), established 2 days earlier, tracks its first object. (FOIA; Jan Aldrich) real-time triangulation?

May 6, 1949; Moscow, Russia
The test pilot (Apraksin) took off in new aircraft for a test flight and was flying at maximum altitude. The cloud cover in the take-off area was light but when he found himself at Moscow latitude clouds covered the ground. He established communications with Vol'sk and maintained communications with the base at all times. Suddenly an incomprehensible aircraft, described as a "flying cucumber", appeared and was flying considerably lower. Later, it began to descend. The pilot directed his aircraft toward the object and the speeds of both machines were very great and collision appeared inevitable. At a distance of about ten to twelve kilometers cones of light beams were directed at his aircraft. (See more detail at link above).

May 7, 1949; S St. Louis, Missouri (BBU)
7 p.m. (CST). Just after sunset Vaughn saw the sun glinting off a flat reddish-brown object, "somewhat triangular" shaped, oscillating, the size of a private plane but faster. (FOIA; FUFOR Index)

May 7, 1949; Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
7:40 p.m. Lt. Mardell Ward, at the Army's UFO observation post, and another observation site, spotted a brilliant white diamond-shaped object at triangulated location 15,000 ft away at 1,000 ft 57 secs 2+ real-time triangulation altitude headed NW. Object was tracked for 57 seconds as it traveled 20 miles (at 1,300 mph) while changing color from white to reddish to greenish as it dropped altitude and dimmed then disappeared. No sound. (FOIA; Jan Aldrich; Loren Gross Jan-Jun 1949 Supp p. 79, erroneously put at Los Alamos)

May 8, 1949; Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
10:08-10:17 p.m. Lt. Mardell Ward, at the Army's UFO observation post, and 2 other posts sighted brilliant diamond-shaped object to the W moving NW or NE at 1,600 ft altitude slowly dropping. Severe radio interference during sighting, none afterward. (FOIA; Jan Aldrich; Loren Gross Jan-Jun 1949 Supp p. 80, erroneously put at Los Alamos) 9 mins real time triangulation

May 8, 1949; Tucson, Arizona (AFOSI Case 67)
9:30 a.m. Four witnesses reported a motionless, metallic, circular object at 4,000' that started moving west then turned to the north. Object was moving horizontal, then rapid climb at 45-degree angle to 20,000' until out of sight. 10-20 minutes.

May 9, 1949; Tucson, Arizona (AFOSI Case 68)
2:30 p.m. SW-NE, silvery object, 25' in diameter and moving at 750-1000 mph. 6-10 secs.

May 9, 1949
Time article called UFO witnesses "spinners of yarns."

To Director of Special Investigations, Office of the Inspector General USAF, Washington 25, D.C. Page 4-- Dr. Kaplan expressed a great concern, as these occurrences relate to the National Defense of the United States.

May 12, 1949 Memo (front page unredacted)...Both pages (lower quality, redacted)
SECRET memo from IG USAF to Dir. Special Investigations about Kaplan visiting the district office to review reports.

Letter to Dr. J.A. Van Allen from Cmdr R.B. McLaughlin about tracking flying saucer "a few weeks ago".

May 12, 1949; Holloman AFB, New Mexico (BBU)
9:30 p.m. (MST).  AF contract solar astronomer, Donald H. Menzel, of Harvard Observatory, was being driven by military car from Holloman AFB, on Hwy 70 just outside the base, en route to Alamogordo [headed ENE on road azimuth 66°], when shortly after leaving the base he saw a bright reddish star Antares about 6°-8° East [to the lower left] of the nearly Full Moon estimated to be 15°-18° above the ridge line [99.3% illuminated Moon at about 19° elevation 136° azimuth, Antares at about 11° elevation 132° azimuth] rising above the Sacramento Mountain ridge.  Shortly afterward he noticed first one small round white light low about 3°-4° over the ridge to the lower left of the Moon and star and then another identical light to the right of the first and in horizontal line, about 3° apart [at roughly 122° to 125° azimuth, 5°-6° elevation, seemingly over Moore Ridge, summit 7,264 ft, 32°42'22" N, 105°51'11" W, 15 miles away].  Each light was white possibly slight greenish tinge, about 0 to 1st stellar magnitude, the left one slightly brighter, both increasing in brightness as if possibly rising above a haze layer, both initially "fuzzy" but apparently sharpening in edge contrast.  Each light suddenly disappeared one after the other before the car could be stopped.  Menzel estimated that as the car traveled 50 mph it created a 3-mile baseline over which he nevertheless noticed no perceptible change in the lights' azimuths, or perhaps no more than 1° to 2°, hence a distance he calculated at 180 miles and object "diameter" about "¾ mile" (4,000 ft) [correct figure 2,300 ft].  (Sparks;  BB NARA Microfilm Roll 88, pp. 904, 920-1;  Roll 91, pp. 424-5;  Maxwell Roll 6, pp. 241-9) 4 mins 1 witness 1/4 Full Moon 

May 13, 1949; Shafer Butte, nr. Boise, Idaho (BB)
Bt. 11:00 and 11:20 a.m.  Mountain Time, Robert F. Smith, a World War II bomber pilot, saw six unidentified flying objects about 10 miles west of Shafer Butte. Smith at the time was driving from Caldwell to Boise. Five of the objects were flying in a "V" formation at an estimated 13,000 feet. The objects were the approximate size of a B-29 aircraft, silver on top and dull on the bottom, and the shape of a half-circle with a point in the front. The objects were in view for approximately 5 minutes. The five objects appeared to be in a descending spiral formation and seemed to be linked together because they remained in almost perfect formation. The objects then changed course and took off into the sky at high speed. No commercial or private aircraft were known to be in the vicinity where the objects were observed. Neither were military aircraft scheduled in that area. (Dan Wilson, BB files)

May 16, 1949; Davis Monthan AFB, AZ
5:00 pm. Object was described as black, round and flat in shape, similar to a washtub. It maintained the same altitude, fluttering as it disappeared behind an obstacle. Ground/visual from a military source. 8-10 seconds

May 19, 1949; Fort Bliss, Texas
8:30 a.m. Numerous military witnesses observed a round silver thin object, rocking giving an edgewise and sideways view, 30 degrees altitude. Object in sight for approximately 5 minutes. Object moved about 15 to 20 miles during observation. Maneuvers: Irregular rolling and tilting motion slowly rising as it traveled away.

May 20, 1949; Pontchartrain Beach, New Orleans, Louisiana (BBU)
4:25 p.m.  Tulane Univ. Associate Professor of Political Science (USAFR Lt Col) John E. Kieffer of 12th AF, Kelly AFB, San Antonio, Texas, was lying on his back at the beach when he sighted a bright, shiny silver flat spherical object in the ENE headed WSW [towards him] joined by 5 smaller similar objects grouped around the larger object which made a large circle over New Orleans Airport, then [main object] made a rotation around its horizontal axis and disappeared.  At 45 degrees to 50 degrees elevation initially.  No sound.  No visible means of propulsion.   (Sparks;  BB files)  23 mins  1 witness

May 21, 1949; Moses AFB, Hanford, Washington (BBU)
Afternoon. An F-82 fighter was dispatched from Moses Lake AFB, near Hanford, Washington, to intercept a flying disc that was observed hovering in restricted air space over the Hanford Atomic Plant at an altitude of 17,000 to 20,000 feet.  The silvery, disc-shaped object bad been visually sighted by crew and personnel from the Hanford radar station and confirmed on radar.

May 23, 1949. Moses Lake AFB, Wash. (BBU)
8:45 a.m. (PST). Three USAF pilots, Lt. Col. Walter C. Hearne, Lt. Col. Wallace R. Jordan, and 1st Lt. Gerald B. Blish, sighted from the ground at 325th Fighter Wing, Moses Lake AFB, a small [pinpoint-like] bright silver light traveling at high speed straight and level heading about 15° - 20° course about 5-10 miles away at about 10,000 to 15,000 ft altitude. (Sparks; BB Maxwell Microfilm Roll 6, pp. 565- 9) 1 to 1- 1/2 mins

May 23, 1949, Camp Hood, Texas
10:10 PM. A light estimated to have been three feet in diameter, round in shape, and changing from an amber to a greenish-yellow in color. The light was in sight for about 2 or 3 mins, and was about 1,500 yards from the observer. The speed was slow and the light appeared to grow. No maneuvers were noted. (Gross, UFO History, 1949, pg. 82)

May 23, 1949; Camp Hood, Texas
11:30 PM. A strange light was seen that reappeared approximately 20 times and was described as being round and about the size of a half dollar. The color was similar to that of an ordinary light bulb. The light was in sight for several seconds and moved straight up aid down with a slight lateral motion right to left. (Gross, UFO History, 1949, pg. 82)

May 23, 1949; Camp Hood, Texas
11:30 PM. Another section of the camp noticed a light that appeared and reappeared several times. It was described as being the size of a light bulb when held at arm's length and was round in shape. The duration of the sighting was about one minute. The movement of the light was straight up and down at slow speed. (Gross, UFO History, 1949, pg. 82)

May 24, 1949. Killeen Base/Site B [Nuclear Weapons National Stockpile], Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
12:30 a.m. Round pale-yellow slowmoving light about 6,000 to 9,000 ft away smaller than Full Moon, slightly above horizon. Tracked by Army UFO observation network at Site B nuclear weapons storage stockpile? (BB Maxwell Microfilm Roll 5, p. 630) 60 secs

May 24, 1949; Rogue River, Oregon (BBU) 
5:00 p.m. (PST). NACA Ames Research Lab employees Don Heaphy and ?, plus Mrs. Oliver Elizabeth McBeth, pharmacist and wives, saw in the E at azimuth 60° a hamburger-shaped metallic disc about 25-35 ft to 100 ft wide with a tail fin and "dirty" surface, rough wrinkled surface in the rear, at about 5,000 ft altitude about 1-4 miles away traveling at about C-47 speed (200 mph?) which accelerated to jet speed (600 mph?) to the S, azimuth 170°. Observed with 8x binoculars. (Battelle Unknown 10; Bruce Maccabee; FOIA; FUFOR Index; Jan Aldrich) 90 secs-3 mins

May 24, 1949. Killeen Base/Site B [Nuclear Weapons National Stockpile], Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
7:46 p.m. Security agent [Army CIC?] sighted brilliant stationary incandescent round light [low on the horizon?] then sighted the same about 2 secs later but ½ the apparent size. (Sparks; BB Maxwell Microfilm Roll 5, p. 630) 1 sec

May 27, 1949; Near Hart Mtn., south-central Oregon (BBU 404)
2:25 p.m. (PST).  Oil company vice-president, USNR pilot, former AAF flight instructor, Joseph C. Shell, flew his lightened-load SNJ Navy aircraft from Red Bluff, Calif, to Burns, Oregon, heading NNE at 212 mph ground speed at 9,000 ft above MSL (about 4,000 to 5,000 ft above ground level), saw to his right (about NE) something metallic in the distance [about 20 miles away] at about 42° 38' N, 119° 43' W, which as he approached resolved into 5-8, most likely 6-7, oval or egg-shaped metallic objects, 2:1 length/width ratio, and 1/5 as thick, each the same size less than 20 ft in diameter, fly in trail formation, with an interval equal to 3-4x their length between the lead object and the 2nd object, and only 1/2 to 2/3 object length spacing between the 2nd and all remaining objects, which separation remained constant almost as if being towed by the lead object.  He saw the objects "outlined" against the bluffs of Hart Mtn, and could see the dark ground between each object, and noticed they had slightly changed course from a "quartering" path to a path parallel to his course in the opposite direction (heading SSW) at about 230 ±30-40 mph while following the rim of the bluffs (which rim was about 7,000 ft MSL), appeared to be about 1,000 to 1,500 ft below his altitude about 5-1/2 to 7-1/2 miles away at closest approach (to his ESE), but less than the 10-mile distance to the bluffs.  Near end of sighting Shell dropped in altitude and then could see the objects at his flight level, at his estimated position 42° 41' N, 119° 49' W, hence his estimate of objects' altitude as about 1,000-1,500 ft below his original 9,000 ft MSL.  Objects disappeared on the horizon out of visual range, at estimated position 42° 28' N, 119° 48' W.  Visibility being >60 miles.  (Sparks;  Berliner;  Jan Aldrich; images 6313041 ff.)     5 mins    1 witness    1/30 ? Full Moon 

11:10 a.m. USAF pilot Giles flying F-80 saw a circular object moving at high speed and disappearing into cirrus cloud overcast. (Project 1947; FUFOR Index)

June 1, 1949; 2 miles from Stewart Field, Newburgh [or at Walden?], New York (BBU)
8:30-9 p.m. (EST). S/Sgt. and 6 others saw yellow oblong soundless object appear and disappear every few mins 30° NW of the moon [which was at about 268° azimuth 35° elevation]. (FOIA; FUFOR Index) 30 mins

June 2, 1949. Los Alamos, New Mexico (BBU)
12:40 a.m. (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.) 1 sec

June 5, 1949
Walter Winchell column: "The New York World-Telegram has confirmed this reporter's exclusive report of several weeks before--which newspapermen have denied-- about the flying saucers. Said the front page in the World-Telegram: 'Air Force people are convinced the flying disk is real. The clincher came when the Air Force got a picture recently of three disks flying in formation over Stephensville, Newfoundland. They out-distanced our fastest ships.

June 6, 1949; Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
9:05-9:08 p.m. Williams, Jones and others in UFO observation and triangulation network tracked a hovering orange object about 30-70 ft in diameter, 2 mils angular size, 1 mile above ground, 3 miles S of the observation post, 4-1/2 miles S of the Plotting Center, which suddenly started moving in level flight then exploded in a shower of particles. (FOIA; FUFOR Index) 2 mins 40 secs

June 10, 1949; 20 miles SW of Boston, Mass (BBU)
USAF pilot Kirschbaum flying T-6 with 58th FI Sq saw a white tubular 100 ft long flying at 100 mph, chased but lost. (Project 1947; FUFOR Index)

June 11, 1949. Los Alamos, New Mexico (BBU)
8:57 p.m. (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.) 4-5 secs

June 14 (not the 10th), 1949; White Sands, New Mexico (BBU)
3:35 p.m. (MST). During the test firing of a Navy rocket [actually AF V-2 rocket No. 47 to 83 miles altitude] 5 tracking stations observed 2 small circular objects about 1.7 ft in size parallel the 1,500 mph rocket on each side, then the W object passed through the rocket exhaust, joined the E object and both accelerated away. Observed through 20x telescope (theodolite) tracking instrument (with photos? that failed to show UFO's). 8 mins later a possible 3rd object was sighted. (Sparks; BB Maxwell Microfilm Roll 5, pp. 1466-7, 1470; McLaughlin TRUE article Mar 1950; Saunders/FUFOR Index; LA Times, Aug. 30, 1949

June 20, 1949. Los Alamos, New Mexico (BBU)
8:10 p.m. (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.) 1.5-3 secs

June 22, 1949; Oak Ridge, Tennessee
Three women, one school teacher, another biologist working at an Oak Ridge lab, and third who was wife of member of the Security Division, AEC, Oak Ridge observed a very odd trio of "flying saucers" for about 15 minutes: "It was described as consisting of two identical rectangular-shaped objects which appeared to be coordinated in movement and which moved in wave-like motion. The third object was circular in shape and appeared to be in level flight between and above the two rectangular objects. The rectangular objects appeared to be bright' metal on top but dark underneath, while the color of the circular object was the same as that of frosted glass. The 'flying saucer,' when last sighted, was in level flight and was flying in anorthwesterly direction. The weather was clear with high cummulus clouds. The 'flying saucer' flew at speed of from 10 to 15 mph over an area just about the center of Oak Ridge." 131 (Gross, UFO History, 1959, page 83)

June 24, 1949; Mesa, Arizona (AFOSI Case 75)
3:45 p.m. Five objects observed by two witnesses. One object moved vertical. Described as steel gray and at least one was a disc with two flanges. 400 mph.

June 27, 1949. Albuquerque, New Mexico (BBU)
1:38 a.m. (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.) 2 mins

June 29, 1949. Flagstaff, Arizona (BBU)
8:10 p.m. (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.)

June 30, 1949. Seligman, Arizona (BBU)
4:30 p.m. (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.) 8 secs

July 3, 1949; Longview, Wash. (BBU)
10:40, 10:49, 11:25 a.m. (PDT?).  Aeronautical engineer Moulton B. Taylor with experience in USN guided missile and pilotless aircraft development was airport manager at Longview preparing for an air show when someone pointed out an object in the sky to the NW at about 30° elevation.  Taylor immediately announced this sighting over the public address system to the crowd of 150-200 observers, including pilots, who watched a metallic discus-shaped object cross the sky from NW to SE (track offset to the W not quite reaching zenith) with an oscillating falling-leaf motion along a straight path and occasional sun glints, estimated altitude 30,000 ft at 300 mph, approx. size of DC-3 [about 100 ft] disappearing in smoke from a wood pulp mill at about 80° elevation after a total duration about 2-1/2 to 3 mins.  A 2nd similar object was seen about 6 mins later coming from the N [or NNE] at about the same altitude/distance, at about 45° elevation, heading about due S on slightly curved path (concavity of path away from witness, radius of curvature about 15 miles), disappearing in the sun (about ENE [actually ESE azimuth 116° elevation 53° at 10:51 a.m. assumed PDT]) after total duration about 2 mins (on a possibly 8 mile long path [240 mph]). Then a 3rd sighting at 11:25 a.m. coming from almost due W [or WNW] at about 40° elevation, on a W-E straight line path (passing to the N, not quite reaching zenith) again at about the same altitude/distance at which time the oscillations were precisely timed at 48/min, and again disappeared in the sun (to the ENE [actually ESE azimuth 127° elevation 58° at 11:27 a.m.]) (again on a possibly 8 mile long path [240 mph]).  (BB Maxwell Microfilm Roll 6, pp. 1227-1240;  McDonald 1968)  3 + 2 + 2 mins 150-200 witnesses 1/5 - 2/5 Full Moon

July 8, 1949; Shoshone Lake, Yellowstone Park, Wyoming
Bt. 6:30 and 7:00 a.m.  A man and his wife were fishing from a rubber boat when they heard what sounded like the whir of duck wings. Looking straight up over their heads,  800 to 1,000 feet, there were 8 objects appearing to be round and about 20 feet in diameter, and very bright metal like bright aluminum, sailing (very fast) like a can lid but not in formation, no smoke or exhaust.  When the disc-shaped objects were over the center of the lake one of them turned completely over sailing in among the rest of them without coming in contact with the other objects. Just before the disc went out of sight the one on their right turned on its edge and sailed down and away from the rest. (UFOS A History, 1949, pg.15)

1:13 p.m. (MST). Military aircraft pilot Knight saw 2 white or silver objects on head on course below the nose of his aircraft. Project 1947; FUFOR Index)

July 23, 1949: North of Delphi, IN
11:40 AM.  Two observers fishing at a quarry, plus a separate witness, saw some 12-meter objects circle and play in the sky at about 1500 feet estimated altitude. Type unknown.

July 24, 1949; Mountain Home, Idaho (BBU 483)
12:03-12:13 p.m. Henry Clark, manager of a flying service, flying a Piper Clipper at 19,000 ft, saw 7 delta-shaped objects, 35-55 ft in span, 20-30 ft long, 2-5 ft thick, light colored except for a 12 ft diameter dark circle at the rear [center?] of each, with a flat top surface and a 2-5 ft high dome, sharp needle nose, flat tail, outer panels oscillated then disappeared. Objects flew in a tight formation of 2's with 1 behind, and made a perfect, but un-banked, right turn about 1,500 ft ahead and 500 ft below with no wake turbulence, displaying decreasing smooth oscillations, then turned right again passing the aircraft at about 450-500 mph. Clark's engine ran rough during the sighting, and on landing was found with all spark plugs burned out. (Berliner; cf. NARCAP) 10 mins

July 30, 1949; Mt. Hood, Oregon (BBU 496)
9 p.m. Northwest Airlines Capt. Thrush, 2 Portland control tower operators, and a flying instructor (Henry, Penhallegan, Brasford) saw an object with 1 white light and 2 red lights, maneuver and hover. (Dan Wilson, BB files, Berliner; Jan Aldrich)

July 30, 1949. Killeen Base/Site B [Nuclear Weapons National Stockpile], Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
9:35, 10:04 p.m. (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.) 2-2.5 secs + 2- 3 secs

NARA-PBB1-30 - August 1-31 Sightings

The GRUDGE Final Report (but not publicly released). It was still classified SECRET until Aug 1, 1952,

Aug. 6, 1949. Las Cruces, White Sands, Alamogordo, and Albuquerque, New Mexico (BBU)
8-8:30 p.m. (Sparks; BB Microfilm Roll 91, pp. 414ff.) 1-5 secs

August 8, 1949, Medford, Oregon (BB)
11:20 p.m. to 12:30 a.m. At Medford Municipal Airport, six observers (some military; some civilian CTO's) saw a number of objects, varying from 1 to 7, traveling slow to very fast. the objects were estimated at 30,000 feet and were shiny, and would fly formation for a while and then break off and reform in trail formation. They would disappear for short periods and then reappear in the same general area. Persons from the control tower used binoculars to get a better look at the objects and were able to distinguish wings on the objects but no further identification could be made. Air Force Conclusion: Balls of thistle. (Dan Wilson, BB Archives)

August 19, 1949; Norwood, Ohio
Rev. Gregory Miller, Norwood, Ohio, in the presence of other witnesses, with help of Norwood police officer, obtained 16 mm black and white movies of a large disc hovering in a searchlight beam. The disc emitted "two distinct groups of triangular-shaped objects." (CRIFO Newsletter, Vol. I, No. 5, August 6, 1954). One of a series of well-witnessed sightings logged by Army searchlight operator, Sgt. Donald R. Berger. Three 25 foot rolls of movie film were exposed, using a Hugo Meyer F-19-3 camera with telephoto lens; also several still photographs with a Speed-Graphic and 14 inch Wallensach telephoto lens, the best of which were submitted to Time-Life and reportedly never returned. One photograph reproduced in "Inside Saucer Post. . .3-0 Blue," by L. H. Stringfield, Cincinnati, 1957

August. 20, 1949; Las Cruces, New Mexico (BBU)
10:45 p.m. Astronomer and discoverer of planet Pluto, Clyde W. Tombaugh, with wife and mother-in-law, all saw a rigid formation of faint bluish-green rectangles as if windows on a solid dark object about 1° across, which flew at high speed from zenith SSE to about 35° above the horizon where it disappeared all the while the rectangles foreshortening due to the slant angle. No sound. Wife thought she saw faint interconnecting glow. (FUFOR Index; etc.) 3 secs

1949, Fall; Key Atomic Base
A high AF officer was involved in the radar tracking of  five apparently metallic UFOs which flew south over the base at tremendous speed and great height. [UFO Evidence, Section II]

Fall, 1949; New Mexico
rodeghier1 Night. A UFO dropped out of nowhere into the car headlights of a couple. It was saucer-shaped and 50-60 feet in diameter. When 20 feet in distance from the car, it rose up and passed at a low altitude over the car. While this happened, the car radio had an abnormal amount of static. The couple did not see how the UFO left their vicinity. (Tulsa Tribune, Dec. 10, 1957) Music on car radio blanked out by static as UFO passed over car. (NICAP List, item 3)

September 5, 1949; Reno, Nevada
2:00 p.m. MST. Observers: S/Sgt Willie L. Cole, USAF, 23rd Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron, Mountain Home AFB, Idaho, his wife and another lady reported a perfectly round, silver object with curved sides coming to a smooth round edge, about the size of a P-38 wingspan. Altitude: 3000 to 5000 feet; speed: 500-600 mph heading due west. Object flew perfectly straight and level for about 2 minutes. Comments: No sound, smoke, contrails, or exhaust was observed. (BB Archives, Ridge)
September 5, 1949; Lebec, Calif (BBU)
12:10 p.m. 2 USAF pilots flying military aircraft with 3538th Maintenance Sq saw an oval object climb at tremendous speed to the S. (Project 1947)

September 9, 1949; Mexico, Missouri
Noon hour. A round silver object was observed in the sky by Sydney McGee, foreman of the tin shop, and John Wright, a tin shop employee. The object was estimated to be 20 feet in diameter and six feet thick and was hovering at an estimated 5,000 to 6,000 feet altitude. The object suddenly took in a burst of speed and vanished to the southwest. One other person also saw the object. (Dan Wilson, Reference: Mexico Evening Ledger, September 9, 10, 1949, Page 1)

September 9 [10?], 1949; Goose Bay, Labrador, Canada (BBU)
9:56 p.m. (AST). Military aircraft pilot saw an egg-shaped object disappear into a cloud at high speed. (Project 1947; FUFOR Index)

Concerning/including "Light Phenomena"

September 5, 1949; Reno, Nevada (BB)
2:00 p.m. MST. Observers: S/Sgt Willie L. Cole, USAF, 23rd Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron, Mountain Home AFB, Idaho, his wife and another lady reported a perfectly round, silver object with curved sides coming to a smooth round edge, about the size of a P-38 wingspan. Altitude: 3000 to 5000 feet; speed: 500-600 mph heading due west. Object flew perfectly straight and level for about 2 minutes. Comments: No sound, smoke, contrails, or exhaust was observed. (BB Archives, Ridge)

September 6, 1949;
Missing BB report found for Payerne, Switzerland. Swiss Col. Eggenberger.

September 26, 1949, Lexington, Nebraska (BB)
6:30 PM. Six members of a farming enterprise were threshing wheat when they saw three objects coming from the general direction of the sun (SW). As the objects proceeded they gave off a dazzling brilliance. They maintained a level flight with two of the objects changing positions as they flew. The power of the illumination remained constant throughout the incident (i.e. no pulses or flashes). Once the objects reached a direction NW of the observers, they made a smooth 90 degree turn straight upwards and climbed rapidly out of sight. One of the farmers was a recent graduate of a two-year course in aeronautical design and thought the objects looked like a domed-disk when viewed face-forward, but were actually like a stubby, wingless, tailless fuselage when seen from the side. About five miles away, four other persons saw what they felt were two fast-moving objects flying in the distance at level flight before abruptly turning straight up and flying away from the Earth. This group of people did not know their distant “neighbors.” (UFOs & Government)

September 30, 1949; Camp Holabird, Maryland (BB)
3:17-3:19 PM. While on duty as a Military Policeman on the Main Gate,  witness observed two (2) unidentifiable aerial objects near the smoke stack of the Chevrolet Assembly Plant which is adjacent to Camp Holabird. These objects appeared to hover between the smokestack and a large tree, a relatively short distance away. FLOYD described the objects as disc shape, much like an enlarged silver dollar, very shiny, but at such a distance as to prohibit actual  observance of any specific color. A comparative measure as to the actual size of the objects was estimated as being approximately one half the diameter of the Chevrolet Assembly Plant's smoke stack. Approximate angle of elevation during the period of observation was estimated as about 15 degrees. The objects seemed to be proceeding in no apparent direction, but because of the uncertainty concerning the distance of the objects from the observer, it would be difficult to estimate any definite speed. FLOYD heard no sound that he could attribute to the objects and saw no flames or exhaust. The objects appeared to be without fins, canopies, or antenna. Weather conditions at the time of observation were evaluated as relatively clear, no clouds were present, although a slight ground haze is thought to have existed. Position of the sun at time of observation was estimated as being 15 degrees in azimuth south of the objects, and an undetermined angular distance above. It was impossible to establish the manner of disappearance of objects inasmuch as the objects left FLOYD's field of vision during an interruption caused by persons passing through the gate. (Blue Book files, Jan Aldrich)

October 1, 1949; Jackson, Mississippi
Cat.11 Rush case (M)

Oct. 11, 1949; Holloman AFB, New Mexico (BB)
Bet. 10:45-11:00 a.m. (MST).USAF M/Sgt. Ralph M. Stevens,Tech Aide in Lower Atmospheric Research, Elec & Atm Res Section, Holloman AFB, and Sgt. Marion H. Graves were at Ryan Site #4 tracking a balloon launch by theodolite when they spotted a high speed round white dish-shaped object in the NW at 60° in straight flight pass overhead to disappearance at 60° elevation in the SE. Size compared to B-29 [141 ft] at 150,000 ft range [1/10 full Moon].(Sparks; BB files)

Oct. 12, 1949; Holloman AFB, New Mexico (BB)
11:15 a.m. MST. S/Sgt Clifford B. Hart, a flight engineer, and two others, observed a round, white or aluminum colored object moving across the sky from the south to north. It then veered to the northeast where it disappeared. Hart estimated the speed of the object at 1,500 mph at an estimated altitude of 35,000 feet. Hart estimated the size of the object comparable to a B-29 aircraft. The other witnesses were S/Sgt J.D. Denning, and S/Sgt Harry A. Boggs, both are aircraft mechanics. The object was in sight from 45 to 60 seconds. On this same day a similar object was sighted at Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona, at 1:40 p.m. MST. (Dan Wilson, BB files)

Oct. 12, 1949; Davis-Monthan AFB, Tucson, Arizona (BB)
1:40 p.m. MST. Four airmen, S/Sgt John A. Bobst, S/Sgt Paul C. Wallingford, T/Sgt Roy Elias, and 1st Lt. David J. Latz observed a white or silver round solid object of apparent metal construction traveling from the northeast to the southwest at a high rate of speed possibly as much as 1,000 mph at an estimated altitude of 25,000 to 30,000 feet overhead. The object had an estimated diameter of approximately 50 to 100 feet. The object was in sight for approximately 15 seconds. The four men were standing in the aircraft parking area for the 65th Bomb squadron. (Dan Wilson, Blue Book files)

Oct. 14, 1949; Mt. Palomar Observatory, Calif (BBU)
1:15 and 1:20 p.m. Observatory Manager of Public Relations Harley C. Marshall drove away from Observatory when he saw a perfect "V of V's" formation of about 16-18 silver [round?] objects without tails or wings overhead traveling at high 1 + 1 EM effects on cosmic ray detector speed to the NW and emitting a sound like jets but not quite the same which noticeably lagged behind visual location of objects in the sky by about 35°-40°. Marshall stopped car and observed objects disappear [behind?] cloud cover that extended from horizon to about 45° elevation. [Marshall returned to Observatory] and phoned Asst. Superintendent-Electrical B. B. Traxler on duty who at about 1:20 p.m. saw one dark unidentified object traveling to the SW while checking the cosmic-ray Geiger counter recording equipment and saw that the needle had jumped off scale for several secs. For the next 10 days another 21 incidents of off-scale cosmic-ray detector incidents occurred at scattered times fitting a periodic 1.5-hour time schedule, a phenomenon not seen before or after, and unexplainable by equipment failure or radio interference from aircraft. Several Navy aircraft of differing prop and jet types were flown near Palomar Observatory using radio, altimeter and radars on Oct. 21 and Nov. 2 in an unsuccessful effort to trigger the Geiger counter. (Jan Aldrich; McDonald list)

Oct. 17, 1949; Mt. Palomar Observatory, Calif (BBU)
7:20 a.m.   Observatory Asst. Superintendent-Electrical B. B. Traxler saw a small black object without apparent projections moving at high speed to the SW at the same time the cosmic-ray Geiger counter went off-scale again (see incidents of Oct. 14 and 21, 1949).  (Sparks)

Oct. 21, 1949; Mt. Palomar Observatory, Calif (BBU)
2:30 p.m. Observatory Asst. Superintendent-Electrical B. B. Traxler saw an elongated slightly curved or banana shaped object traveling to the E or SE for about 3 secs. Independently and without knowledge of Traxler's sighting, George Adamski of Palomar Gardens saw the dark cigar-shaped object. (Jan Aldrich; McDonald list) 3+ secs

In regard to the 14 & 17 & 21 Oct 1949 sightings at Mt. Palomar Observatory in the NICAP chronology and Sparks' "BB Unknowns" list, the 25 Nov 1949 "case" in the Blue Book Archive is not a "case" occurring on 25 Nov 1949 but the date the document was written and it contains some material on this incident. It is not actually a case file, but a collection of correspondence (47 documents) related to the potential detection of atomic powered UFOs by Geiger counter equipment, which was put together in 1952. There are several pages about the events and witnesses at Mt. Palomar.

It was found that in October 1949 such an incident occurred at the Mt. Palomar Observatory and that the Navy had investigated them (21 incidents). (NARA-PBB85 762, 766 - Fran Ridge)

Nov. 3, 1949; Baja (near) California
Air Force pilot saw four discs in formation. [III], Donnelly case (M)

Nov. 21, 1949; Akita, Honshu, Japan (BBU)
USAF pilot flying F-80 fighter saw a rectangular object flying at 500 mph. (Weinstein)

Nonexistent case date invented by BB to cover the real events on various dates in Oct-Nov 1949. is merely the date of an ONR-Pasadena report on these radiation/UFO incidents.

Dec. 4, 1949; Bet. Covington and Hammond, Louisiana (BBU)
4:35-4:38 p.m. (CST). USAF pilot of C-47 transport Flight AF 5566, Maj. F. E. Whitker, Base Legal Officer of Walker AFB, Roswell, N.M., copilot 1st Lt. P. H. McDavid and crew chief engineer Staff Sgt. C. Thomas also from Walker AFB, while flying from Carswell AFB, Dallas, to Keesler AFB, Miss., at 180 mph at 5,500 ft heading 90° (E), saw a bright silver sphere about the size of a jet fighter [50 ft?] come towards their aircraft heading about 300° or about W nearly head on at 1 o’clock position [from about 120° ENE] at about the same altitude, 5,500 ft, at high speed in excess of 600 mph or faster than a jet then after about 30 secs object turned abruptly to the S, then stopped, bobbed up and down. Object made several accelerations and decelerations and sharp direction and altitude changes during sighting, very maneuverable in all directions, Whitaker describing as appearing to “bounce all over the sky.” Object disappeared by sudden burst of speed crossing field of vision in about 1 sec. No vapor trail, exhaust, distinguishing features, or sound noticeable above the C-47’s noise. Apparent size half-dollar on windshield. (Jan Aldrich)

To Director of R&D, HQ, USAF, from AMC, Dayton. More on conference.

Dec. 13, 1949; Holloman AFB, New Mexico
Note: Unknown aerial phenomenon sighted (bad link on DBase and no details or source)

December 27, 1949
This was both the GRUDGE codename AND final report (Technical Report) that were not released and remained classified SECRET until Aug 1, 1952, and even then no one knew it was declassified except possibly Donald Keyhoe and Leon Davidson.

Dec. 28, 1949; Bet. Hamlet and Greenwood, North Carolina (BBU)
5 p.m. James and 3 other pilots of military light training planes saw a blimp-shaped object outdistance the [4?] planes at high speed. (Project 1947; FUFOR Index, Dan Wilson)

Dec. 29, 1949; Hamlet, North Carolina
Time not given. A former Air Force Pilot, Phillip Gibbons, observed a UFO over Hamlet. The Pilot shared the object was 20 feet in diameter, bright aluminum in color and appeared at 3,000-4,000 feet. Gibbons called the object “a bright aluminum ball”. Gibbons believed the object was not a balloon as he would have caught it in his plane. (“Silver Sphere Gives The Slip To N.C. Flier”, “Something Fishy” Says Pilot Who Tried to Catch Hanging Ball, UP, The Anniston Star, Anniston, Alabama, December 29, 1949, Thursday, Page 16; submitted by John S. Chase)

Dec. 29 [28?], 1949. Bet. Hamlet and Greenwood, North Carolina (BBU)
5 p.m. James and 3 other pilots of military light training planes saw a blimp-shaped object outdistance the [4?] planes at high speed. (Sparks; Project 1947; Saunders/FUFOR Index) 4

Dec. 31, 1949. Andrews AFB, Washington, D.C. (BBU)
Daytime. Wash DC Air National Guard 113th Aircraft Control Squadron Corporal Robert E. Guinn happened to look overhead during a jet takeoff and noticed an object like a "huge stack of tinfoil" when it tilted toward the sun, floating in and out of the clouds, the size of an ANG hangar, then suddenly headed SE at high speed. (Sparks; BB Maxwell Microfilm Roll 7, p. 1053-5) 1


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