THE UFO EVIDENCE, published by the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena, Copyright 1964
What is "intelligence"? In reference to human behavior, we usually use the word to mean the application of logic and reason to understand nature or solve human problems. However, we observe "intelligence" by observing the behavior of people as they go about their affairs. We infer that they are intelligent or unintelligent by noticing their apparent awareness of their environment, and how they cope with problems in their environment. We note their behavior as individuals, and in groups. The ability of people to act in concert to accomplish mutual goals generally is considered to be intelligent activity.
In regard to the question of whether aerial devices are intelligently controlled, how is intelligence indicated by the performance of aircraft? If we did not know that the airliners and military jets we see coursing through the sky were guided by pilots, how would their actions lead us to suspect this? First, we might observe some jets rendezvousing, joining formation, then proceeding to act in concert. Then we might see a jet depart from its course and circle a balloon, apparently curious about it, before continuing on its way. Finally, we might notice indications (smoke trails, mechanical parts, high performance, etc.) which suggest to us that these are powered mechanical objects. This would imply intelligent construction and guidance.
UFOs have shown all of these features:
* Inquisitiveness, and reaction to environment.
* Powered flight.
* Formations in coordinated flight.
Reasoning by analogy to human devices and intelligence, the hypothesis that UFOs are intelligently operated is explored below. Caution is required in using this method of reasoning, because it is conceivable that actions which we normally associate with intelligence may not seem so to alien beings, and vice versa. However, there is a good chance that there would be an overlap of "intelligent behavior" between human and alien beings. In particular, we should expect any intelligent beings to be fundamentally curious about things in their environment. Curiosity underlies the acquisition of useful knowledge, which is necessary to intelligence.
In addition to the evidence advanced in this section, other sections contain data showing (a) that UFOs show repeating patterns suggesting a unique and unexplained phenomenon [Section XII], (b) that the observed objects and patterns have no counterparts among atmospheric phenomena which could account for them in terms of known events [Section XII: Maneuvers and Flight Characteristics], and (c) that the hypothesis of intelligently operated devices is reasonable, and adequate to explain the data.
Inquisitiveness and Reaction to Environment
In case after case, UFOs singly or in formation have paced or followed automobiles, trains, airplanes, and rockets. Often the UFOs have circled the device and taken "evasive action" when pursued.
A Monon Railroad freight train (see top of page) was proceeding through Clinton County, Central Indiana, October 3, 1958. About 3:10 a.m. a formation of four odd white lights crossed ahead of the train. The UFOs turned and traversed the full length of the train, front to back (about a half mile) observed by the entire crew.
After passing the rear of the train, the objects swung east, turned back and followed the train. The bright glow concealed the exact shape of the UFOs, but they appeared flattened and some times flew on edge. Operating part of the time in-line abreast with coordinated motions, the objects followed the train until the conductor shone a bright light on them. Immediately, the UFOs sped away, but returned quickly and continued to pace the train. Total time of observation: about 1 hour 10 minutes.
Finally the UFOs moved away to the northeast and disappeared.
The coordinated maneuvers in formation, reaction to a bright beam of light, and pacing of the train, all suggest some form of intelligence. 
Similar cases of vehicles being paced by UFOs also have been reported by experienced observers such as pilots and missile trackers. At White Sands, New Mexico, June 10, 1949, a missile had just been launched when two circular UFOs appeared. As the missile accelerated to about 1,430 mph, the UFOs climbed after it, passed through its exhaust, passed the missile and climbed out of sight. Five separate observation and tracking posts, scattered around the nearby mountains and not in communication with one another, reported observing this performance. One of the posts tracked a similar UFO several minutes later, as it sped west against the wind. 
Inquisitiveness and Reaction
Powered, Controlled Flight
Many observations by competent observers (including engineers and aeronautical experts) suggest that the UFOs they saw were powered objects. The observations sometimes have included visual signs of mechanical-functional construction, in addition to other indicators of the UFOs' being, literally, machines.
Most of the cases cited previously in this section contain descriptions of observed "maneuvers." However, the following group of reports by unusually well-qualified observers is worth special mention.
UFO Formation Tracked Above Security Area at over 4,500 mph.
Technicians at Secret Test Base Observe Mechanical UFO
Top Astronomer Reports "Novel Airborne Device"
Scientist Observes Powered UFO
High-Speed Disc Arcs Above Airliner
Aeronautical Engineer Amazed by UFO Performance
Formations and Coordinated Flight
A prime indicator of intelligence behind the maneuvers of UFOs is the observation that they often fly in formation, which requires coordination and mechanical control. (Aircraft and birds also fly in formations, but these can often be ruled out as cause of the sightings.) In UFO reports, the formations are of three general types: (a) Geometrical (V's, lines, etc.); (b) clusters, and (c) object with smaller objects maneuvering around it.
1904: Circular UFOs Maneuvered Near Ship
Precise Formation, Sharp Turn Near Airliner
In some cases clusters, or groups, of UFOs not in any clear geometrical pattern have acted in concert.
Discs Filmed by Navy Officer
Airliner Crew Watches Flight of Discs
Other examples of cluster or group formation cases appear in the UFO Chronology in Section XI.
(c) Satellite Objects
Some of the most startling formation cases on record are those in which a large central object is observed in the process of launching or taking on board smaller objects, very much like an aircraft carrier or "mother ship." An example of this was observed by Maj. Paul A. Duich, Air Force Master Navigator, and other officers, September 8, 1958 at Offutt AFB, Omaha, Nebraska. [See Section III.] An elongated object tilted at an angle was seen in the western sky. Then small dark objects were seen maneuvering around the large object. Finally, the formation moved away to the west, the parent object still tilted at an angle.
In at least one instance, this phenomenon apparently was recorded on radar. December 6, 1952, over the Gulf of Mexico, the crew of a B-29 on a training mission repeatedly tracked UFOs
moving at high speed past the plane, and crew members reported brief visual sightings of fast-moving lights. Finally the UFOs were seen on the radarscope to merge with a gigantic blip (radar target) which shot off the scope at about 9,000 mph. [Section VIII, Radar]
There is only one aerial phenomenon which remotely resembles the description and performance of the UFOs in these cases: aerial refueling operations by jets and tanker aircraft. In the cases cited, no such operations were reported in progress in the area of the sightings. (See chart link below)
1. Witnesses interviewed by NICAP Board Member Frank Edwards: Cecil Bridge,
fireman; Harry Eckman, engineer; Morris Ott, head brakeman; Paul Soshey, flagman;
and Ed Robinson, conductor.
|Section III, Air Force Observations (pages 19-27)
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