CUFONSM 4602d AISS UNIT HISTORY SAMPLER

A SAMPLER OF ITEMS FROM THE UNIT HISTORY OF
THE 4602d AIR INTELLIGENCE SERVICE SQUADRON
ENT AIR FORCE BASE, COLORADO SPRINGS, COLORADO
Part 3 of 7 Parts





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SECRET

HISTORICAL DATA FOR 4602d AIR INTELLIGENCE SERVICE SQUADRON

ENT AIR FORCE BASE, COLORADO SPRINGS, COLORADO

FOR THE PERIOD: 1 JULY TO 30 DECEMBER 1953

COMPILED AND WRITTEN BY: APPROVED BY:

   /s/                                                            /s/
Douglas J Fulton                                      John M. White, Jr
AF 163xxxxx                                          Colonel USAF
A/1C USAF                                            Commander
Squadron Historian

REVIEWED BY: THIS DOCUMENT CONSISTING OF 34 PAGES
IS CLASSIFIED SECRET IN ACCORDANCE WITH
PAR 23 B (6), AFR 205-1

    /s/
Eugene R Manfrin
Major. USAF
OIC, Material & Services     /s/ Ray L Jones
                                                 Major Grade

This document consists of 34 pages
Copy 6 of 15 copies.

4602D AISS Classified
Document Log #5 540470

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INTRODUCTION

At the termination of WW II, intelligence information was plentiful. It was then possible to accurately assess the effectiveness of our weapons. Documents containing valuable technical data were abundant. Persons having knowledge of a multitude of pertinent subjects were available for interrogation. Inventions of all stages of development were awaiting investigation. Prisoners of War were returning from areas of interest. All this and much more was at our disposal for intelligence exploitation.

An enormous opportunity and challenge existed for military intelligence, and many military programs were initiated to gather as much information as possible. These programs constituted a commendable effort. Reports containing valuable intelligence of all types were evaluated and collated. They clearly showed the potential, but only a minute portion of intelligence information available was being collected.

The CIC, later redesigned by USAF as the OSI, was doing its best to service the intelligence requirements in both Europe and the Far East, but the two-fold mission of collecting counter and positive intelligence precluded any concentrated effort toward the collection of positive air intelligence. Criminal investigation, black market activities, and security investigations were receiving priority while air intelligence exploitation went begging.

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Realizing the need for an organization comparable to the OSI for the collection of positive air intelligence, D/I, USAF gathered a group of linguists to service the D/I of the United States Air Force in Europe with interpreters, translators, and interrogators. In November, 1948, this group was designated the 7001st Air Intelligence Service Squadron.

As relations with the USSR became increasingly strained and the Iron Curtain closed around Russia and the Satellites, the Director of Intelligence, USAF, established "Project Wringer" to exploit, for air intelligence, former prisoners of war repatriated from the USSR and its satellites. The returnees had been scattered in PW camps throughout the "Iron Curtain" countries performing a variety of tasks in semi-skilled and hard labor capacities. In some cases PoW's had worked as specialists in key industries, and a small group of PoW had enjoyed limited freedom of movement in certain areas of USAF interest. Through interrogation of these returnees, the Air Force was able to begin forming a picture of the USSR's air offensive and defensive capabilities, and the extent and vulnerability of the USSR's industry and war making potential.

The results of the intelligence collection efforts proved sufficient to indicate the need for further expansion. The original 7001st AISS of 15 officers and 45 airmen grew into the 7050th Air Intelligence Service Wing with personnel skilled in all phases of intelligence. recognizing the success of this type of unit, the Director of Intelligence, USAF, took action in August, 1950 to develop

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additional 7050th Air Intelligence Service Organizations for certain selected major air commands and areas to intensify the collection of air intelligence in the field. The 6004th AISS in the Far East proved beyond a doubt the value of an AISO during hostilities through overt collection activities. This unit has recently been enlarged and redesignated the 6002d Air Intelligence Service group. the 5004th, activated in Alaska in 1951, although a much smaller unit, is nevertheless producing valuable positive intelligence. The 4602d AISS, activated in March 1952, is the newest AISO, but has the greatest geographical coverage per individual assigned.

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Operations Section has been reorganized to comply more closely to actual functional needs and to the organizational T/D. Under the new set up there are three major sections in Operations: Training, Critique and Analysis (formerly Editing and Evaluation) and Operational Control. Training is broken down into two sections, Language Training and Specialized Training. Operational Control is broken down into Field Coordination (formerly Field Units) and Documents and Dissemination. Personnel assigned to the various sections and the AFSC slots they are occupying are as follows:
 

OIC Operations  - Lt Colonel Jones 2016
AOIC Operations  - Major Romanoff 2074
Airborne Operations Officer  - Vacant 2064
OIC Operational Control  - Vacant 2064
AOIC Operational Control  - Vacant 2074
OIC Field Coordination  - Lt Hammond 2054
OIC D & D  - Lt Stockstill
OIC Training  - Captain Ivanow 2074
OIC Language Training  - Vacant 2074
OIC Specialized Training  - Lt Jacobs 2054
OIC Evaluation and Editing  - Capt Schottloutner [1]

UFOB Program

On 4 December 1953 Colonel White, Captain Cybulski and Captain Bellovin attended a conference with General Burgess fort he purpose of discussing the role of the 4602d AISS in the Unidentified Flying

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Object (UFOB) Program, and an ATI course for the 4602d. It was proposed that in the future the 4602d will be the agency responsible to ATIC for the investigation of FLYOBRPTS in the ZI. Captain Cybulski was appointed FLYOBRPT officer and departed on 5 December 1953 for Wright-Patterson AFB for the purpose of (1. Establishing the role of the 4602d in the collection of and reporting of FLYOBRPT data and (2. Developing an ATI course to meet 4602d requirements. The course will be designed primarily to instruct our personnel in the latest technological developments in SLRA, ECM, and A-Bomb and Guided Missile techniques as applicable to our responsibilities. [2]

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During the San Gorgonio body recovery operation, in California, our Norton AFB team made five horseback trips into the snow covered mountains, where helicopter operation failed. Horses were the only means of transportation that could get the team to the crash and bring out the recovered bodies.

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_____________________________
1. Weekly Bulletin, 10 Jul 53
2. Weekly Bulletin, 11 DEC 53

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CONFIDENTIAL

HEADQUARTERS
4602D AIR INTELLIGENCE SERVICE SQUADRON
Ent Air Force Base
Colorado Springs, Colorado

A SUMMARY OF THE SECOND COMMANDER'S CONFERENCE
13 - 16 JANUARY 1954

THIS DOCUMENT CONSISTS OF ONE HUNDRED THIRTY ONE (131) PAGES

COPY NUMBER 46 OF 49 COPIES

CONFIDENTIAL

4602D AISS Classified
Document Log # 1954 0187

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CONFIDENTIAL

TABLE OF CONTENTS - cont.

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UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS - Captain Cybulski . . . 83
Authorization to Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Pre-reporting Procedures  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Analysis of Evidence and 4602d Role in UFOB . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Cooperation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Area of Responsibility  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Guidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Evidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Material. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Release of Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

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Hq 4602d AISS, Ent AFB, Colo.
3rd Commanders' Conference Captain J. Cybulski

UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS (UFOB)

First I wish to caution you that the regulation on UFOB reporting is only in draft form and that we are waiting for approval to go ahead from Headquarters USAF.

No Flight or Detachment personnel will be authorized to arrange with local Air Defense units for interception action. The 4602d is an investigating agency. We are not operations. Colonel Walton, Intelligence, at the Pentagon asked that we be permitted to go into this, before the regulation becomes final, but so far I have not heard any report on it. The primary reason for our participation in this program is to solve a very perplexing problem for the Air Force and the country as a whole. To the Air Force the investigations of the UFOB is very important. In all but a few cases a satisfactory solution has been reached and the Air Force feels that adequate, thorough investigative procedures can solve the small percentage of unsolved sightings. This is where we come into the picture.

Due to our strategic locations throughout the country, we can be available at a moments notice, to investigate any legitimate sightings. However, before any flight or detachment embarks on an investigation, it should accomplish two major steps: (1) determine the reliability of the reported sighting, (2) obtain permission to investigate from this headquarters by TWX or MARS. It is possible, under some circumstances, to obtain permission by placing a phone call to our headquarters. As a matter of fact that may be necessary in some cases.

For example: If the information indicates that the sighting will be around for some time, it may pay off to obtain permission by telephone, because you want to go out there immediately. Several factors will determine that of course. Distance will be a factor. If you have to go some place 250, 300 miles away and you feel that you should, the time that you have spent placing the phone call would not matter. However, if it was 15 or 20 miles away, and someone calls, reporting an object still in sight, you may want to go immediately. Many factors will have to be taken into consideration when a sighting is reported to one of the flights, or detachments. To better understand the elements and procedures involved in the investigation of UFOB I would like to cover this draft of the regulation. Now you are going to be faced with many, many new problems that you haven't had to face to date, and it will call for and require a great deal of common sense. Determine first how legitimate it is, how serious it is, if there really is something, or if it is a letter from some crackpot. If it is the letter, you'll have to ignore it. Above all, the Air Force is sincere in its attempt to obtain proof one way or the other. When I went to Dayton, the scientist and the astronomer they had hired, were ready to quit. But before they were permitted to say anything I was introduced and told them what I was there for and what I was going to do. They threw their resignations away and decided to stay. Because as the astronomer said - "put yourself in my

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position, I am being ridiculed by members of my profession for chasing those imaginary objects, and when I went into this ,I went into it sincerely, because I thought that both from the astronomical standpoint and also from the scientific value, I could disprove these things. In so doing I would be rendering my profession and my country some service. However, in the past, I have not been able to get support from the Air Force. It seems that they all think this is a hot subject, and they want to drop it. They don't want to have anything to do with it. No one wants to be quoted.

Now that the 4602d has entered the picture, we are assuming quite a serious role. The feeling is, both at Wright_Patterson and Washington, that we could be very very instrumental in bringing this thing to a head, once and for all. They feel that it can be done by personal contact, where a piece of paper fails, because in the past if they had a sighting somewhere, the people looking into it were the people at Wright-Patterson where there was only one officer, and one airman available. So they get a sighting in South Dakota. They send out a form of about 6 or 8 pages, Lt Ledher is quite familiar with it, as probably all of you are. The man takes one look at it, depending on the intelligence level of the person, and he more or less decides that he didn't see anything. Or he'll answer it hastily in a haphazard way, and it doesn't give anyone anything to work with. And that is where we hope to rectify the situation because you will fill out this form if you go out. Let's say that there is a sighting in Kansas City. You go and you look into it and you fill out the form and there's sufficient evidence that it should be looked into, and you've made all efforts to investigate it, it would be turned over from there to ATIC and they would take over. In many cases they would come up with a solution, whereas now it's dropped dead. They don't do anything about it. It just comes to a blank wall, because of insufficient information. The biggest files at ATIC, are complied of materials that stated insufficient evidence. Of course some of it you can't help. Obviously if somebody calls in and says that he saw an object for 5 seconds, he or she would have to have some very conclusive evidence to substantiate, maybe a picture, maybe some other factor, before you could put any value on it. What can you prove in 5 seconds? But if at La Cross, Wisconsin, where apparently a number of people had seen it for several hours, that's another story. There you could really make something out of it, Then there are cases, like that near Great Falls, Montana where a Warrant Officer shot 40 feet of film. After you blow it up and look at it, you see it's a formation of high-flying geese. Powerful telescopes like those in California or the East, can analyze some of the sightings as stars.

I'd like to say a few words on the analysis portion of this AF Reg. (See Par 4b) After we have gone as far as we can, and we have

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HQ 4602D AISS, ENT AFB, COLO.
3RD COMDRS' CONF

exhausted all efforts to identify a sighting, we will turn it over to ATIC, with a recommendation that it be investigated. You will send it in to us here at Headquarters. I will review it, AND WE WILL PUT AN INDORSEMENT, a cover letter on it and send it on to ATIC. They will investigate from both the astronomical and the scientific standpoint. They will come up with some answer and will notify us. We here in Headquarters will keep a complete file on all the sightings. That's why we want the information copied. We will file them under separate headings, such as the type of personnel involved, military or civilian, or air-lines. We will record it under the type of object it was eventually determined to be.

Cooperation: When requested by ATIC, the 4602d will conduct investigations, within our capability, and furnish air and ground transportation, to ATIC, and 4602d representatives when feasible. Direct communication is authorized between us and ATIC.

Area of Responsibility; All portions of this regulation are equally applicable to us and to ATIC under the following conditions: When the 4602d AISS exhausts all efforts to identify the object, we will turn it over to ATIC. That is one time when the ATIC comes into the picture and the second is when it is actually in their area, and we will be responsible for telling them that. Bear in mind that their military facilities are practically nil. As I cited earlier, they have only one officer. The airman (assigned to this project) was discharged the 31st of December, leaving only the officer and a typist.

Guidance: The thoroughness and quality of the reports and investigations is entirely up to you., It's up to the individual. He can make it or break it. The steps you should take to identify the object are (1) the theodolite measurements, (2) the possibility of interception, (3) contact which is your biggest factor. If it happened in this area, who would you check with? Pueblo Airport? Albuquerque? Denver? Determine if they had any aircraft in the area at that time. Contact AC&W people and find out if they had any information on it. Check with weather people and find out if any balloons had been released at that time and in that area. All these steps you would have to take before you could feel that you had exhausted all efforts. now, consult astronomers in the area to determine if any astronomical body or phenomena could account for it, or have any bearing on the observation. This is optional. if you are fortunate in having an astronomer, or their facilities in your area, go to them, and see if they can help you. However, there cannot be any expense involved, because the astronomer in Dayton is under contract to the Air Force for all investigation, astronomically speaking and he receives funds to contact other people. If you were in the Albuquerque area and had exhausted all efforts, and we turned it over to ATIC, their astronomer would undoubtedly call the local astronomer whom he probably knows, and asks him to look into it.

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HQ 4602D AISS, ENT AFB, COLO.
3RD COMDRS CONF

However you could save time and money if you happened to have that contact yourself. not all people will have that. Originally we were trying to work out something where we could take care of that end of it, but it would entail the task of lining up 18 different astronomers with 18 different contracts. Besides the man at ATIC is getting quite a sum of money for this and they feel that it should be his business. In case you can do it, go ahead. Contact military and civilian tower operators, that, of course, goes without saying. You would almost automatically do that. Contact persons who might have knowledge of experimental aircraft, and so on. Lt. Ledher ran into that. They have firms up there that do experimental work at Niagra Falls. Bell Aircraft does much experimental work with supersonic aircraft and things like that.

Reports: Information relating to UFOB will be reported without delay to the nearest 4602d unit. It will eventually end up at an Air Force Base or an Air Force Channel, regardless of who reports it, whether it's a civilian or the police. The method and priority of the dispatch will be selected in accordance with the apparent value of the material. There's nothing classified about this. We want to make this as unclassified as possible. Unless, and this I rather doubt, unless it happens to be the real thing. In that case additional data will be necessary, and we will have to come back to you to follow it up and you would have to give us the additional information that we need. The only time I can see that coming up is when we turn it over to ATIC and they get together with their astronomer and scientists, and decide that they need more information. They would come directly to you, the people who investigated it. We want to give them every assistance possible. That's where the program has been falling down. All written reports will be prepared on the Form 112, short title, "UFOB". I won't go into the report format because its outlined for you, and is also on this form.

Security: Reports should be unclassified, unless data included necessitates a higher classification.

Evidence: If anyone ever looked up AFR 95-6 and 95-7 as to what you have to do to send photographs forward, the way to mark them, the way to identify them, measurements etc., you'll know its complicated. These regulations outline where you have to send them. The photographs go to Washington. In addition one copy of each print will b forwarded to ATIC, and one to us here at headquarters. Fortunately there will not be too much of that. In almost every case where gun cameras or aircraft cameras have been used, the thing has been too small for identification and the photographs haven't been of too much value.

Material: In case of any physical evidence of UFOB, you're to safeguard it and notify us. We will tell you what to do with it.

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HQ 4602D AISS, ENT AFB, COLO.
3RD COMDRS CONF

10. Release of Information:

a. Inquiries concerning specific local sightings will be referred to the
activity information officer. The reporting officer may furnish the latter
all raw information except names of principals, Air Force comments, details of
intercept procedures involved and classified radar data. Examples of the type
of information which may be released are:

  (1) The location, time and date
  (2) Description of the object
  (3) Maneuvers reported
  (4) Type of physical evidence
        (If requester knows that such evidence exists)
  (5) Intercept or other identification attempt made
  (6) The fact that the object has been conclusively identified by ATIC or 4602d AISS as a
       conventional aerial device or other familiar object and no further evaluation is contemplated.

b. general information, such as periodic news releases, summaries of investigations, and status of the program, will be released by Headquarters USAF. ATIC and Headquarters 4602d AISS, will furnish this news release material to Headquarters USAF.

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HQ 4602D AISS, ENT AFB, COLO.
3RD COMDRS CONF LT R M STOCKSTILL

DOCUMENTS AND DISSEMINATION

I. INTRODUCTION

The Documents and Dissemination folder that was passed out to all Officers-in-Charge included all the forms used between D&D and the field units. The sample forms were filled out in a correct manner and contained complete instructions. The few problems that D&D has had with the field units were in the nature of administrative errors in filling out the forms. The D&D folder will guide the personnel that maintain the field unit libraries and classified sections. In addition to standard form, the D&D folder contained the directives that revised the AFR 205-1 and directives that upgraded and downgraded restricted documents. The security directives will be effective pending revision of AFR 205-1, ADCR 205-2, and SR 205-1 and 205-2.

II. REGISTERED DOCUMENTS

The Officer-in-Charge of each field unit will be designated on orders as Custodian of Registered Documents. The as Custodian of Registered Documents is the only officer that can sign Air Force Forms 163, 164, 165, and flyleaf receipts (certificate of entry and destruction) that come with the AIB, AIB #2, and CEI's (Communication-Electronics Instructions which only detachments have). All Registered Document forms with the exception of CEI's will be sent to this headquarters. The office of record for the AIBs is Hq, USAF, Air Adjutant General, ATTN: Custodian of Registered Documents. ADCR 205-2b states that the Custodian of Registered Documents will have at least an interim Top Secret clearance.

III CLASSIFIED DOCUMENTS

JANAPs and ACPs were discussed. The detachments have a letter of authority which will authorize them to order the necessary documents from the Cheli Depot and the Shelby Depot (JANAP - Joint Army-Navy-Air Force Procedures) (ACP -Allied Command Procedures). These publications contain directives covering standard communication format and procedures. All field units will receive the WAF AID as soon as Hq USAF, changes their distribution list. This is done quarterly. All units are receiving CONAC Intelligence Training Bulletin, ADC WIR, ADC Mission Intelligence and SAC Survival Trends.

The ICGM, AFM 200 series, has been upgraded along with the old AIG. The ATIC Studies, Reports, and Bulletins have been requested for all units. The ATIC publications with the AFM-200 series will be the documents used in the new technical training program being established.

IV. TARGET MATERIALS

Squadron coverage of WACs and classified materials were discussed. A "WAC Bible" composed of WACs annotated in such a manner as to show coverage within the WAC area, was demonstrated. A squadron regulation cov-

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HQ 4602D AISS, ENT AFB, COLO.
3RD COMDRS CONF LT R M STOCKSTILL

ering the filing by numerical order of all target material is being prepared by this Headquarters. A consolidated inventory of all target materials sent to the field units before Jan 54 is being compiled by D&D sections. This type of inventory will be accomplished semi-annually and will incorporate all Form 104Cs issued in the period concerned.

V. CONTROL OF CLASSIFIED DOCUMENTS

The AGO Form 996, until replaced with DD 646, will be used in the transmission of all classified materials to this Headquarters. Certificates of Destruction are to arrive at this Headquarters in two copies. Inventory and Transfer Reports of Classified Documents must be submitted to this Headquarters upon a change of the Officer-in-Charge in accordance with SR 205-2. Classified documents originating in the field must note:

(a) Authority and Reason; par 22 and 23, AFR 205-1
(b) Pages and inclosures numbered in series of total pages
(c) Copy number of total copies produced

The 104C forms that accompany the target material are to be kept as receipts and will be reflected on inventories by the registry number found on each shipment.

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"THIRD COMMANDERS' CONFERENCE, TEXT OF COLONEL WHITE'S SUMMARY OF THE THIRD COMMANDERS' CONFERENCE" (Cont.)}

HEADQUARTERS
4602D AISS Colonel John M. White, Jr.
Ent AFB, Colorado Commander

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13 UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS

When the UFOB program becomes active, Headquarters will issue implementing instructions. I don't want you to implement anything until those instructions become final. Adhere completely to the instructions you received on public information releases. We are currently reviewing all directives in the Squadron, and we are going to set the example in preparation. We will try to give you the best directives that we can give you, and you've got to apply common sense to see whether these directives are sufficient to answer your needs. If, after a normal study of them, you are still unable to obtain exactly what you need, then let us know. Most of the time I think you'll find that some regulations may be improved as operational conditions change.

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CONFIDENTIAL

Hq 4602D AISS, Ent AFB, Colo.
3RD Commanders' Conference

A D D E N D A

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d. UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS: Air Force Regulation 200-2 in draft form was revised to include the participation of the 4602d AISS units, was mimeographed and distributed to all field unit OIC's. Conferees were admonished not to implement subject draft of regulation until further advised by Headquarters 4602d AISS.

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CONFIDENTIAL
Hq 4602D AISS, Ent AFB, Colo.
3RD Commanders' Conference

III PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE

This was a new topic for the 4602d, and was discussed by Major DeBruler.  The classification of Major DeBruler's presentation prevented the inclusion of the text in this summary.

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HISTORICAL DATA FOR 4602d AIR INTELLIGENCE SERVICE SQUADRON

ENT AIR FORCE BASE, COLORADO SPRINGS, COLORADO

FOR THE PERIOD: 1 JANUARY TO 30 JUNE 1954

COMPILED AND WRITTEN BY: APPROVED BY:

   /s/                                                                                    /s/
Stanley A. Vining for John M. White, Jr                           Henson R. DeBruler
AF 17 323 xxx         Colonel USAF                                [Major USAF]
A/1C USAF             Commander                                    Squadron Historian

REVIEWED BY: THIS DOCUMENT CONSISTING OF 44 PAGES IS CLASSIFIED SECRET IN ACCORDANCE WITH PAR 23 B (6), AFR 205-1

   /s/
Eugene R Manfrin
Major. USAF
OIC, Material & Services Officer                 /s/ Ray L Jones Major
                                                                        Name           Grade

This document consists of 185 pages
Copy 1 of 8 copies.

SECRET
RM-57-1640

4602D AISS Classified
Document Log #54 1129

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INTRODUCTION

As time passes and new technological advances are made, the prospect of future war looms more ominous and foreboding; into this atmosphere the 4602d AISS was projected. The increased tempo of activity in all phases of the squadron operations gave rise to new problems and required refinement of procedures already in existence and the reevaluation of the progress made in certain activities. The way in which the 4602d has attempted to solve its problems is in effect the history of the organization.

Time is the most significant factor in solving these problems. War does not wait for the unprepared; therefore, the 4602d has increased its training, liaison, logistical and administrative efforts.

New regulations were issued and old ones revised. A total of twenty-eight (28) were published during the reporting period. Administrative work was simplified, enabling field units to concentrate on peacetime training.

Communications, parachute, interrogation, language and technical training was intensified.

Unwieldy supply procedures were simplified, resulting in greater flexibility and reduced effort.

Issues with the FBI which had temporarily halted liaison activities with law enforcement agencies were resolved. The liaison effort produced proportionately greater pledges of assistance
during the reporting period than in any previous period.  Pledges of communication assistance from non-military agencies and increased familiarity with portable communications equipment resulted in some improvement in the communications capability of the squadron. The printing and distribution of 300,000 copies of the new Squadron Brochure provided a new medium for solicitation of assistance.

There was steady advancement in combat readiness at the end of the reporting period.

There was more assurance that the field units of the squadron would be notified in the event of downed enemy aircraft or aircrewmen. The squadron had greater capability to move rapidly to the scene of an enemy crash.

The squadron's intelligence teams were more capable of exploitation of intelligence sources.

While still the weakest phase of squadron operations, there was some increase in the ability of the squadron to transmit intelligence information rapidly into Air Defense Command channels.

The period was characterized by an evaluation of previous efforts. This evaluation was expressed in new and refined procedures and directives. The squadron is more mature and better able to take its place in the Air Defense structure.

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SURVEY OF PERIOD

I. Organization

   a. A change occurred in the organization of the 4602d AISS with the  issuance of Air Defense Command General Orders #16 [1], dated 21 May 1954.  These orders amended Headquarters Air Defense Command General Orders #47 [2],  dated 17 October 1952 in the following manner:

      (1) So much of General Orders #47 as pertains to organization of Flight 3-B and Flight 3-I was
           deleted.

      (2) Flight 3-B was reorganized and activated effective 24 May 1954. General Orders #16
           further assigned Flight 3-B to the Air Materiel Command, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base,
           Ohio, for administrative and logistical support.

b. A revision of Squadron Regulation 24-1 [3], Organization of the 4602d AISS, dated 29 July 52 was effected on 4 June 54. This new regulation reorganized the headquarters staff. It divided the staff into four departments; Command, Personnel & Administration, Operations, and Materiel & Services. The major revisions took place in the Operations Section. All sub-sections concerned with direct control of peacetime and combat operations of the squadron were placed under the Operations Officer. Control of classified material including all intelligence reference documents was returned to the Officer-in-Charge of Personnel & Administration (Adjutant).

c. The mission, function and responsibilities of field units and Headquarters Staff of the 4602d AISS were described on Squadron Regulation 24-2 [4], dated 16 June 54. It set forth in detail the peacetime mission of training and liaison to prepare the intelligence teams of the squadron for the wartime mission of overt collecting of intelligence from "people, paper and hardware". This regulation defined duties of field units in respect to the two aspects of the mission.

...

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1. General Orders # 16, Hq ADC, dtd 21 May 54
2. General Orders # 47, Hq ADC, dtd 17 Oct 52
3. Sq Reg 24-1, dtd 4 June 54
4. Sq Reg 24-2, dtd 16 June 54

1    SECRET
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{End of Part 3 of CUFON's 4602d AISS UFO Sampler}

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